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    A Migration tools for nodejs and Blorm ORM

    blormig is a framework-agnostic migration tool for Node. It provides a clean API for running and rolling back tasks.


    • Written in TypeScript - you have built-in typings and auto-completion right in your IDE
    • Programmatic API for migrations
    • Database agnostic
    • Supports logging of migration process
    • Supports multiple storages for migration data


    Minimal Example

    The following example uses a Sqlite database through blorm and persists the migration data in the database itself through the blorm storage.

    • index.js:
    const { Blorm } = require('blorm');
    const { Blormig } = require('blormig');
    const blorm = new Blorm({ dialect: 'sqlite', storage: './db.sqlite' });
    const blormig = new Blormig({
      migrations: {
        path: './migrations',
        params: [
      storage: 'blorm',
      storageOptions: { blorm }
    (async () => {
      // Checks migrations and run them if they are not already applied. To keep
      // track of the executed migrations, a table (and blorm model) called BlormMeta
      // will be automatically created (if it doesn't exist already) and parsed.
      await blormig.up();
    • migrations/00_initial.js:
    const { Blorm } = require('blorm');
    async function up(queryInterface) {
        await queryInterface.createTable('users', {
            id: {
                type: Blorm.INTEGER,
                allowNull: false,
                primaryKey: true
            name: {
                type: Blorm.STRING,
                allowNull: false
            createdAt: {
                type: Blorm.DATE,
                allowNull: false
            updatedAt: {
                type: Blorm.DATE,
                allowNull: false
    async function down(queryInterface) {
        await queryInterface.dropTable('users');
    module.exports = { up, down };



    Blormig is available on npm:

    npm install blormig

    Blormig instance

    It is possible to configure an Blormig instance by passing an object to the constructor.

    const { Blormig } = require('blormig');
    const blormig = new Blormig({ /* ... options ... */ });

    Executing migrations

    The execute method is a general purpose function that runs for every specified migrations the respective function.

    const migrations = await blormig.execute({
      migrations: ['some-id', 'some-other-id'],
      method: 'up'
    // returns an array of all executed/reverted migrations.

    Getting all pending migrations

    You can get a list of pending (i.e. not yet executed) migrations with the pending() method:

    const migrations = await blormig.pending();
    // returns an array of all pending migrations.

    Getting all executed migrations

    You can get a list of already executed migrations with the executed() method:

    const migrations = await blormig.executed();
    // returns an array of all already executed migrations

    Executing pending migrations

    The up method can be used to execute all pending migrations.

    const migrations = await blormig.up();
    // returns an array of all executed migrations

    It is also possible to pass the name of a migration in order to just run the migrations from the current state to the passed migration name (inclusive).

    await blormig.up({ to: '20201235203251-task' });

    You also have the ability to choose to run migrations from a specific migration, excluding it:

    await blormig.up({ from: '20201235203251-task' });

    In the above example blormig will execute all the pending migrations found after the specified migration. This is particularly useful if you are using migrations on your native desktop application and you don't need to run past migrations on new installs while they need to run on updated installations.

    You can combine from and to options to select a specific subset:

    await blormig.up({ from: '20201235203251-task', to: '20151201103412-items' });

    Running specific migrations while ignoring the right order, can be done like this:

    await blormig.up({ migrations: ['20201235203251-task', '20141101203501-task-2'] });

    There are also shorthand version of that:

    await blormig.up('20201235203251-task'); // Runs just the passed migration
    await blormig.up(['20201235203251-task', '20141101203501-task-2']);

    Reverting executed migration

    The down method can be used to revert the last executed migration.

    const migration = await blormig.down();
    // reverts the last migration and returns it.

    It is possible to pass the name of a migration until which (inclusive) the migrations should be reverted. This allows the reverting of multiple migrations at once.

    const migrations = await blormig.down({ to: '20141031080000-task' });
    // returns an array of all reverted migrations.

    To revert all migrations, you can pass 0 as the to parameter:

    await blormig.down({ to: 0 });

    Reverting specific migrations while ignoring the right order, can be done like this:

    await blormig.down({ migrations: ['20201235203251-task', '20141101203501-task-2'] });

    There are also shorthand versions of that:

    await blormig.down('20201235203251-task'); // Runs just the passed migration
    await blormig.down(['20201235203251-task', '20141101203501-task-2']);


    There are two ways to specify migrations: via files or directly via an array of migrations.

    Migration files

    A migration file ideally exposes an up and a down async functions. They will perform the task of upgrading or downgrading the database.

    module.exports = {
      async up() {
        /* ... */
      async down() {
        /* ... */

    Migration files should be located in the same directory, according to the info you gave to the Blormig constructor.

    Direct migrations list

    You can also specify directly a list of migrations to the Blormig constructor. We recommend the usage of the Blormig.migrationsList() function as bellow:

    const { Blormig, migrationsList } = require('blormig');
    const blormig = new Blormig({
      migrations: migrationsList(
            // the name of the migration is mandatory
            name: '00-first-migration',
            async up(queryInterface) { /* ... */ },
            async down(queryInterface) { /* ... */ }
            name: '01-foo-bar-migration',
            async up(queryInterface) { /* ... */ },
            async down(queryInterface) { /* ... */ }
        // an optional list of parameters that will be sent to the `up` and `down` functions


    Storages define where the migration data is stored.

    JSON Storage

    Using the json storage will create a JSON file which will contain an array with all the executed migrations. You can specify the path to the file. The default for that is blormig.json in the working directory of the process.

    Blorm Storage

    Using the blorm storage will create a table in your SQL database called BlormMeta containing an entry for each executed migration. You will have to pass a configured instance of Blorm or an existing Blorm model. Optionally you can specify the model name, table name, or column name. All major Blorm versions are supported.

    MongoDB Storage

    Using the mongodb storage will create a collection in your MongoDB database called migrations containing an entry for each executed migration. You will have either to pass a MongoDB Driver Collection as collection property. Alternatively you can pass a established MongoDB Driver connection and a collection name.


    In order to use custom storage, you have two options:

    Method 1: Pass instance to constructor

    You can pass your storage instance to Blormig constructor.

    class CustomStorage {
      constructor(...) {...}
      logMigration(...) {...}
      unlogMigration(...) {...}
      executed(...) {...}
    let blormig = new Blormig({ storage: new CustomStorage(...) })
    Method 2: Pass module name to be required

    Create a module which has to fulfill the following API. You can just pass the name of the module to the configuration and blormig will require it accordingly.

    For example, if you're using TypeScript:

    import { BlormigStorage } from 'blormig/lib/src/storages/type-helpers'
    class MyStorage implements BlormigStorage {
      /* ... */
    module.exports = MyStorage;


    Blormig is an EventEmitter. Each of the following events will be called with name and migration as arguments. Events are a convenient place to implement application-specific logic that must run around each migration:

    • migrating - A migration is about to be executed.
    • migrated - A migration has successfully been executed.
    • reverting - A migration is about to be reverted.
    • reverted - A migration has successfully been reverted.


    Hadi Mousavi Twitter


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