Neoclassical Philosophic Musings

    binder-js

    0.5.2 • Public • Published

    Binder-JS

    BinderJS is an experimental rule based parsing tool for recursive parsing operations. It provides a convenient syntax for declaring rules which control recursion, transforms and collect data. The mechanism is designed with IO in mind minimizing the overhead of an asynchronous process.

    The objective is to simplify parsing scripts by providing developers with a convention for composing a procedure from generalized commands which they can define and extend.

    DO NOT USE!

    This is a curiosity project, neither the implementation nor the API can be considered stable.

    Install:

    npm install binder-js
    

    API overview:

    var binder = require('binder-js');
    
    /**
     * Register your own syntax definition
     */
    var def = binder.define('my-binder-def');
    def.condition('isTrue', function (subject, context) {return context.subjectType === 'string';});
    def.parser('myParser', function (subject, context) { return 'the data' });
    def.init(function (parserInstance) {
    	// add default rules here
    });
    
    /**
     * Create a parser from a syntax definition
     */
    var parser = binder(def);
    parser.filter(function (sbj, cxt) {
    	cxt.subjectType = typeof sbj;
    });
    parser.parse.isTrue().myParser(function (d, c) { return d + " and more!" });
    
    /**
     * Trigger parsing process
     */
    var promise = parser.compile(subject);
    promise.then(function (data) { data.should.eql("the data and more!"); });
    
    /**
     * Recursion
     * where subject = 'some/folder'
     */
    def.parser("parseFolder", function (subject, cxt) {
    	// returns promise
    	return binder(cxt).compile(subject + "/test.txt").then(function (fileData) {
    		return {"test.txt": fileData};
    	})
    })
    

    Basic Example

    One use case could be to read data from the file system into memory. In the following example a folder is parsed which contains a single json file.

    var binder = require('binder-js');
    var def = binder.loadDef("fs-reader"); // built in definition
    
    // instantiate a parser from the 'fs-reader' syntax definition
    // This comes with a special syntax and some predefined rules
    var reader = binder(def);
    
    // define a rule
    reader.parse.fileExt('.json').readUTF(function (data, cxt) {
    	// 'data' here is the result of the 'readUTF' subprogram
    	return JSON.parse(data);
    });
    
    // trigger the process
    reader.compile('/some/folder/with/a/json/file/')
    	.then(function (data) {
    		data.should.eql({
    			'example.json': '"the file contents"'
    		});
    	});
    

    Syntax Definitions

    Parsers are created from syntax definitions which define predicate functions and parse handlers. 'fs-reader' in the previous example implements 'fileExt' and 'readUTF' used in the parse rule expression. BinderJS also provides you with an api for defining your own syntax.

    The following example is a pseudo version of readUTF parser and fileExt predicate

    var def = binder.define('my-fs-reader');
    
    def.condition('fileExists', function (pth, cxt, ext) {
    	return fs.existsSync(pth);
    })
    
    def.parser("readUTF", function (pth, cxt) {
      return fs.readFileSync(pth, "utf-8");
    });
    

    In our first example we invoked readUTF with an additional handler which served as a hook for JSON.parse. Internally that function is queued to handle the value returned/resolved from the defined parser. Hence you can see how data can be piped and remapped.

    We could improve our example version of readUTF by returning a promise instead of calling fs.readFileSync which blocks on IO.

    Data Flow

    If you think of the recursive parsing process in terms of a tree structure, context flows from the root down through the nodes and data flows back.

    Using the file parsing example again:

            [root/]
             /  \
    'file.txt'  [subFolder/]
                     |
                'subFile.txt'
    

    Each node of the hierarchy represents exactly one matched rule with a parse handler invocation. The data returned from each node is handled by its parent node, which in turn, chooses what to return. This is how data is channeled back to the caller.

    Recursion is triggered in these parse handlers. In this case, the folder parse function.

    Here is pseudocode for that implementation:

    var def = binder.define('my-fs-reader');
    
    def.parser("parseFolder", function (path, cxt) {
    	// collect folder data as an array of its parsed contents
    	var output = {};
    	fs.readdirSync(path).forEach(function (fileName) {
    		// lets pretend .compile(...) is sync
    		var subData = binder(cxt).compile(path + "/" + fileName, fileName);
    		output[fileName] = subData;
    	});
    	return output;
    });
    

    Context Filters

    As the process steps forward, the context needs to be transformed at every stage. The responsibility for this lies with filter functions which get called before any rules get checked. Filters are registered on the parser and every filter get called in the order they were added at the beginning of every step. It has the opportunity to add data to the context object before the predicate functions get called. It can also return a promise if it's work is async.

    Here is an example of the filter that loads info about a file before any parser handles it. This info is typically used by predicates to test if a particular parse rule is applicable.

    var reader = binder(def); // def from 'my-fs-reader' above
    
    reader.filter(function (pth, cxt) {
    	var stats = fs.statSync(pth);
    	// add file info to the context object
    	cxt.file = {
    		isDir: stats.isDirectory(),
    		ext: path.extname(pth),
    		name: path.basename(pth),
    		path: path.resolve(pth),
    		size: stats.size
    	}
    	// if this was an asyc operation a promise would be returned
    });
    

    In conclusion

    Reading from the file system is just one application, it should be capable of managing any recursive scan process. For example it could be used to crawl web links or parse an XML document.

    Again, DON'T USE THIS for anything important!

    Keywords

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    Install

    npm i binder-js

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    41

    Version

    0.5.2

    License

    BSD-2-Clause

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • rur