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betray

1.4.0 • Public • Published

Betray

Build Status Coverage Status

Minimal test spies, stubs and mocks module.

Installation

npm install betray

Spies, Mocks, Stubs, ZOMBIES!

Creating a spy

const betray = require('betray');
 
const math = {
  add: function(x, y) {
    return x + y;
  }
};
 
var betrayedAdd = betray(math, 'add');
 
var sum = math.add(1, 2);
 
// Original function was invoked and spies invocation counter incremented
expect(sum).to.equal(3);
expect(betrayedAdd.invoked).to.equal(1);

Stubs

Betray does not offer a stub API or the like 😞. Minimal! Better! Extensible! 👯

var math = {
  add: function(x, y) {
    return x + y;
  }
};
 
var betrayedAdd = betray(math, 'add', [{ match  : function() { return true; }, handle : function() { return 1; }}]);
 
// Will not invoke the original add function but will return 1 for every call. 
var betrayedResult = math.add();
expect(betrayedResult).to.equal(1);
 
// Invocation counter is incremented as well
expect(betrayedThrowError.invoked).to.equal(1);

simpler

var math = {
  add: function(x, y) {
    return x + y;
  }
};
 
var betrayedAdd = betray(math, 'add', function() { return 1; }); // Returns 1 for all calls
 
// Will not invoke the original add function but will return 1 for every call. 
var betrayedResult = math.add();
expect(betrayedResult).to.equal(1);
 
// Invocation counter is incremented as well
expect(betrayedThrowError.invoked).to.equal(1);

even simpler

var math = {
  add: function(x, y) {
    return x + y;
  }
};
 
var betrayedAdd = betray(math, 'add', 1); // Returns 1
 
// Will not invoke the original add function but will return 1 for every call. 
var betrayedResult = math.add();
expect(betrayedResult).to.equal(1);
 
// Invocation counter is incremented as well
expect(betrayedThrowError.invoked).to.equal(1);

Mocks

As mocks are "pre-programmed with expectations which form a specification of the calls they are expected to receive" and we betray in a minimal way we'll use chai expect syntax to create our own mock!

var math = {
  add: function(x, y) {
    return x + y;
  }
};
 
betray(math, 'add', [{
  match  : function() { return this.add.invoked == 1 },
  handle : function(y) {
    expect(y).to.equal(2);
    return 1;
  }
},{
  match  : function() { return this.add.invoked == 2 },
  handle : function(y) {
    expect(y).to.equal(3);
    return 2;
  }
}]);
 
// Will not invoke the original add function but will return 1 for every call.
math.add(2);
math.add(3);

simpler

Betray implements some convenience functions to match specific calls

  • onFirstCall(fn)
  • onSecondCall(fn)
  • onThirdCall(fn)
  • onCall(num, fn)
var math = {
  add: function(x, y) {
    return x + y;
  }
};
 
betray(math, 'add')
  .onFirstCall(function(y) {
    expect(y).to.equal(2);
    return 1;
  })
  .onSecondCall(function(y) {
    expect(y).to.equal(3);
    return 2;
  });
 
// Will not invoke the original add function but will return 1 for every call.
math.add(2);
math.add(3);

Tests and restoring

When using betray in for example mocha you might want to betray some functionality before running tests and to restore all betrayed functionality after running tests. Betray is here to help:

const betray = require('betray');
 
describe('something', () => {
    let betrayed;
 
    beforeEach(() => { betrayed = betray.record(); });
    afterEach(() => betrayed.restoreAll());
 
    it('should do something', () => {
        // Use betrayed instead of betray
    });
});

Never forget restoring betrayed functions again 👏

API documentation

Code examples are runnable mocha tests in tests/betray.js

betray(object, functionName, strategies)

Betray a function named functionName of object object and return the betrayed function.

Strategies accepts a function, object or an array. If a function is specified this function is invoked whenever the original function (object and functionName) are invoked with all parameters of the original function call. If an object is passed this object is returned for every function call of the original function instead invoking the original function. If an array is passed betray expects each item to expose a match and handle function. match is called with the arguments of the original function and only if match returns a truthy value handle is called. In case match matches a function call the strategy evaluation breaks. The original function is not called.

Strategy Examples

Passing a single function

var betray = require('betray');
var math = {
  add: function(x, y) {
    return x + y;
  }
};

betray(math, 'add', function(x) { return x; });
// added has a value of 4, since the first argument is returned

Passing an object

var betray = require('betray');
var math = {
  add: function(x, y) {
    return x + y;
  }
};

betray(math, 'add', 4);

var added = math.add(4, 10);
// added has a value of 4, since 4 is returned for every call.

Passing a function array

var betray = require('betray');
var math = {
  add: function(x, y) {
    return x + y;
  }
};

// For all x values lower than 4 return x
var matchLowerThen = {
  match: function(x, y) {
    return x < 4;
  },

  handle: function(x, y) {
    return x;
  }
};

// For all x values greater than 4 return y
var matchGreaterThen = {
  match: function(x, y) {
    return x > 4;
  },

  handle: function(x, y) {
    return y;
  }
};

betray(math, 'add', [matchLowerThen, matchGreaterThen]);

var addedLowerThen = math.add(3, 10);
// addedLowerThen has a value of 3, since matchLowerThen strategy matched which returned x

var addedGreaterThen = math.add(5, 10);
// addedGreaterThen has a value of 10, since matchGreaterThen strategy matched which returned x

var addedOriginal = math.add(4, 10);
// addedOriginal has a value of 14, since no strategy matched and the original function is invoked

betray.record()

Returns an instance of betray that records betrayed functions and exposes a restoreAll function to restore all betrayed functions.

betrayed

betrayed.invoked

TBD

betrayed.invocations

TBD

betrayed.restore

TBD

betrayed.when

TBD

betrayed.onCall

TBD

betrayed.onFirstCall

TBD

betrayed.onSecondCall

TBD

betrayed.onThirdCall

TBD

betrayed.forAll

TBD

install

npm i betray

Downloadsweekly downloads

7

version

1.4.0

license

ISC

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

collaborators

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