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    5.6.6 • Public • Published


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    A simple CLI tool that automates the process of backporting commits on a GitHub repo.



    • Node 10 or higher
    • git


    npm install -g backport

    After installation you should update the global config in ~/.backport/config.json with your Github username and a Github access token. See the documentation for how the access token is generated.

    Quick start

    Add a project config to the root of your repository:

    // .backportrc.json
      "upstream": "elastic/kibana",
      "targetBranchChoices": [{ "name": "6.x", "checked": true }, "6.3", "6.2", "6.1", "6.0"],

    Install locally:

    npm install backport


    npx backport

    This will start an interactive prompt. You can use your keyboards arrow keys to choose options, <space> to select checkboxes and <enter> to proceed.

    Config options

    See configuration.md

    CLI options

    Please note that dashes between the words are optional,for instance you can type --targetBranchor --target-branch both are valid options.

    Option Shorthand notation Description Default Type
    --access-token --accesstoken Github access token string
    --all -a Show commits from other than me false boolean
    --author Filter commits by author Current user string
    --assignees --assignee, --assign Assign users to target pull request Array<string>
    --auto-assign Assign current user to target pull request false boolean
    --branch --b Target branch to backport to string
    --ci Disable interactive prompts false boolean
    --dry-run Perform backport without pushing to Github false string
    --editor Editor (eg. code) to open and solve conflicts nano string
    --fork Create backports in fork (true) or origin repo (false) true boolean
    --git-hostname Hostname for Git github.com string
    --mainline Parent id of merge commit 1 number
    --max-number --number, --n Number of commits to choose from 10 number
    --multiple Select multiple commits/branches false boolean
    --multiple-branches Backport to multiple branches true boolean
    --multiple-commits Backport multiple commits false boolean
    --path -p Only list commits touching files under a specific path string
    --pull-number --pr Pull request to backport number
    --pr-description --description Pull request description suffix string
    --pr-filter List commits from PRs filtered by a given query string
    --pr-title --title Title of pull request string
    --reset-author Set yourself as commit author boolean
    --sha Sha of commit to backport string
    --source-branch Specify a non-default branch to backport from string
    --source-pr-labels --sourcePRLabel Labels added to the source PR array<string>
    --target-pr-Labels --labels, --label Labels added to the target PR array<string>
    --target-branches --b, --targetBranch Target branch(es) to backport to array<string>
    --upstream --up Name of organization and repository string
    --username Github username string
    --help Show help
    -v, --version Show version number

    The CLI options will override the configuration options.

    What is backporting?

    Backporting is the action of taking parts from a newer version of a software system [..] and porting them to an older version of the same software. It forms part of the maintenance step in a software development process, and it is commonly used for fixing security issues in older versions of the software and also for providing new features to older versions.

    Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Backporting

    Who is this tool for?

    This tools is for anybody who is working on a codebase where they have to maintain multiple versions. If you manually cherry-pick commits from master and apply them to one or more branches, this tool might save you a lot of time.

    backport is a CLI tool that will let you backport commit(s) interactively and then cherry-pick and create pull requests automatically. backport will always perform the git operation in a temporary folder (~/.backport/repositories/) separate from your working directory, thereby never interfering with any unstages changes your might have.


    • interactively backport one or more commits to one or more branches with an intuitive UI
    • will never run git reset --hard or other git commands in your working directory - all git operations are handled in a separate directory
    • backport a commit by specifying a PR: backport --pr 1337
    • list and backport commits by a particular user: backport --author john
    • list and backport commits by a particular path: backport --path src/plugins/chatbot
    • list PRs filtered by a query: backport --pr-filter label:backport-v2 (will list commits from PRs with the label "backport-v2")
    • forward port commits: backport --sourceBranch 7.x --branch master (will forwardport from 7.x to master)
    • backport merge commits: backport --mainline
    • ability to see which commits have been backported and to which branches
    • customize the title, description and labels of the created backport PRs




    npm i backport

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