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    3.1.0 • Public • Published

    avconv

    Build Status

    Streamable avconv and avprobe node.js library. Very small, fast, clean and does only this:

    // Anything you want
    var params = [ ... ];
     
    // Returns a duplex stream
    var stream = avconv(params);
     
    // Here you know it's done
    stream.on('exit', function(...) {
        ...
    })

    It also can keep you informed about the progress by emitting events. That's a very unique function of this module. Link that with an UI and it will look flash. See progress event below.

    Support

    If you've found avconv useful and would like to contribute to its continued development & support, please feel free to send a donation of any size - it would be greatly appreciated!

    Support via Gittip

    Installation

    To install avconv, use npm:

    $ npm install avconv
    

    Then in your node.js app, get reference to the function like that:

    var avconv = require('avconv');

    Quick examples

    Encode an avi video out of images

    var params = [
        '-f', 'image2',
        '-loglevel', 'info',
        '-i', '/tmp/images/',
        '-y', '/tmp/output.avi'
    ];
     
    // Returns a duplex stream
    var stream = avconv(params);
     
    // Anytime avconv outputs any information, forward these results to process.stdout
    stream.on('message', function(data) {
        process.stdout.write(data);
    })
    • Avconv consultation is not subject of this module. If you need help with parameters, have a look at http://libav.org/avconv.html
    • Same goes with node streams. You can do anything with them you want. Pipe them or listen to events. Easy.
    • But if your're smart, then go, have a look at the unit tests. They contain some nice examples.

    Using streams & pipes

    var params = [
        '-i', 'pipe:0', // Tell avconv to expect an input stream (via its stdin)
        '-f', 's16le',  // We only want audio back
        '-acodec',
        'pcm_s16le',
        'pipe:1'        // Tell avconv to stream the converted data (via its stdout)
    ];
     
    // Get the duplex stream
    var stream = avconv(params);
     
    // Pipe a file into avconv
    fs.createReadStream('video.mp4').pipe(stream);
     
    // Pipe the audio output to a new file
    stream.pipe(fs.createWriteStream('audio.raw'));

    How to watch for results (progress, meta data, output, errors, exit code)?

    If you want to watch for errors or for exit codes from the avconv process then you should add event listeners like that:

    var stream = avconv(params);
     
    stream.on('message', function(data) {
        process.stdout.write(data);
     
        /*
        This also would work because data is utf8 encoded:
        console.log(data);
        */
    });
     
    stream.on('progress', function(progress) {
        /*
        Progress is a floating number between 0 ... 1 that keeps you
        informed about the current avconv conversion process.
        */
    });
     
    stream.on('error', function(data) {
        process.stderr.write(data);
    });
     
    stream.on('data', function(data) {
        /*
        When you tell avconv to output to 'pipe:1',
        this is where the data will end up (as a buffer)
        */
    });
     
    // You can also pipe the output
    stream.pipe(fs.createWriteStream('video.mp4'));
     
    stream.once('exit', function(exitCode, signal, metadata) {
        /*
        Here you know the avconv process is finished
        Metadata contains parsed avconv output as described in the next section
        */
    });

    An exit code of 0 (zero) means there was no problem. An exit code of 127 means the program avconv could not be found. I recommend you to use a switch block to deal with various exit codes.

    Depending on the log level you have passed onto the avconv process, the output might contain any useful information. Beware that warnings or errors from within the avconv process are still shown as normal output in the data event.

    Whereas errors from the stream are rarely filled (error event). They happen only when there was an unix-related problem about spawning processes, memory blabbah ...

    API

    stream = avconv(params)

    Avconv spawns a new avconv process with any given parameters. It does not validate the parameters nor mess with the results. That's all up to you. You would see avconv complaining about bad parameters in the data event anyway. So:

    one argument

    • params - any array list with string arguments as values (see examples)

    one return value

    • stream - a readable stream where you can attach well-known events like:
      • .on('message', function(data) {...}) - a chunk of data with useful information, depending on the log level. Any warnings or errors from avconv are there too.
      • .on('progress', function(progress) {...}) - a floating number, 0 means conversion progress is at 0%, 1 is 100% and means, it's done. Very useful if you want to show the conversion progress on an user interface.
      • .on('data', function(data) {...}) - a buffer object with converted data (if outputting to pipe:1)
      • .on('error', function(data) {...}) - rarely used. Would contain issues related to the OS itself.
      • .once('exit', function(exitCode, signal, metadata) {...}) - for the exit code any integer where 0 means OK. Anything above 0 indicates a problem (exit code). The signal tells how the process ended, i.E. can be a SIGTERM you killed it with stream.kill(). If it's null, then it ended normally.

    And of course, you can .kill() the stream, if you want to abort in the middle. It will kill the process in cold blood and delegate an exit event to avconv's internals.

    Metadata object

    Most of the output of avconv is parsed into a metadata object accessable in the exit event.

    Please note that parsing of some stream properties may fail, resulting in null or NaN values.

    // converting an flv file to webm
    {
        input: {
            duration: 32056, // milliseconds
            start: 0,
            bitrate: null,
            stream: [
                [
                    {
                        type: "video",
                        codec: "h264",
                        format: "yuv420p",
                        resolution: [ 320, 240 ],
                        bitrate: 202, // kb/s
                        fps: 29.92
                    },{
                        type: "audio",
                        codec: "aac",
                        samplerate: 22050, // Hz
                        channels: 2, // will be 6 for 5.1 etc.
                        sampleformat: "fltp",
                        bitrate: 63 // kbs
                    }
                ]
            ]
        },
        output: {
            stream: [
                [
                    {
                        type: "video",
                        codec: "libvpx",
                        format: "yuv420p",
                        resolution: [ 320, 240 ],
                        bitrate: 200
                    },{
                        type: "audio",
                        codec: "libvorbis",
                        samplerate: 22050,
                        channels: 2,
                        sampleformat: "fltp",
                        bitrate: null
                    }
                ]
            ]
        }
    }

    Changelog

    See History.md

    Contributors

    License

    MIT

    Install

    npm i avs

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    7

    Version

    3.1.0

    License

    MIT

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • bitt