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    1.1.0 • Public • Published

    Promise Based Multipart Form Parser

    NPM version build status Test coverage npm download

    The typical use case for this library is when handling forms that contain file upload field(s) mixed with other inputs. Parsing logic relies on busboy. Designed for use with Koa2 and Async/Await.


    Async/Await (using temp files)

    import asyncBusboy from 'async-busboy';
    // Koa 2 middleware
    async function(ctx, next) {
      const {files, fields} = await asyncBusboy(ctx.req);
      // Make some validation on the fields before upload to S3
      if ( checkFiles(fields) ) {
      } else {
        return 'error';

    Async/Await (using custom onFile handler, i.e. no temp files)

    import asyncBusboy from 'async-busboy';
    // Koa 2 middleware
    async function(ctx, next) {
      const { fields } = await asyncBusboy(ctx.req, {
        onFile: function(fieldname, file, filename, encoding, mimetype) {
      // Do validation, but files are already uploading...
      if ( !checkFiles(fields) ) {
        return 'error';

    ES5 with promise (using temp files)

    var asyncBusboy = require('async-busboy');
    function(someHTTPRequest) {
      asyncBusboy(someHTTPRequest).then(function(formData) {
        // do something with formData.files
        // do someting with formData.fields

    Async API using temp files

    The request streams are first written to temporary files using os.tmpdir(). File read streams associated with the temporary files are returned from the call to async-busboy. When the consumer has drained the file read streams, the files will be automatically removed, otherwise the host OS should take care of the cleaning process.

    Async API using custom onFile handler

    If a custom onFile handler is specified in the options to async-busboy it will only resolve an object containing fields, but instead no temporary files needs to be created since the file stream is directly passed to the application. Note that all file streams need to be consumed for async-busboy to resolve due to the implementation of busboy. If you don't care about a received file stream, simply call stream.resume() to discard the content.

    Working with nested inputs and objects

    Make sure to serialize objects before sending them as formData. i.e:

    // Given an object that represent the form data:
      'field1': 'value',
      'objectField': {
        'key': 'anotherValue'
      'arrayField': ['a', 'b']

    Should be sent as:

    // -> field1[value]
    // -> objectField[key][anotherKey]
    // -> arrayField[0]['a']
    // -> arrayField[1]['b']
    // .....

    Here is a function that can take care of this process

    const serializeFormData = (obj, formDataObj, namespace = null) => {
      var formDataObj = formDataObj || {};
      var formKey;
      for(var property in obj) {
        if(obj.hasOwnProperty(property)) {
          if(namespace) {
            formKey = namespace + '[' + property + ']';
          } else {
            formKey = property;
          var value = obj[property];
          if(typeof value === 'object' && !(value instanceof File) && !(value instanceof Date)) {
              serializeFormData(value, formDataObj, formKey);
          } else if(value instanceof Date) {
            formDataObj[formKey] = value.toISOString();
          } else {
            formDataObj[formKey] = value;
      return formDataObj;
    // -->

    Try it on your local

    If you want to run some test locally, clone this repo, then run: node examples/index.js From there you can use something like Postman to send POST request to localhost:8080. Note: When using Postman make sure to not send a Content-Type header, if it's filed by default, just delete it. (This is to let the boudary header be generated automaticaly)

    Use cases:

    • Form sending only octet-stream (files)

    • Form sending file octet-stream (files) and input fields. a. File and fields are processed has they arrive. Their order do not matter. b. Fields must be processed (for example validated) before processing the files.


    npm i async-busboy

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