as-proto-gen

1.3.0 • Public • Published
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as-proto

Protobuf implementation in AssemblyScript

npm

Features

  • Encodes and decodes protobuf messages
  • Generates AssemblyScript files using protoc plugin
  • Produces relatively small .wasm files
  • Relatively fast, especially for messages that contains only primitive types

Installation

This package requires Node 10.4+ or modern browser with WebAssembly support. Requires protoc installed for code generation.

# with npm
npm install --save as-proto
npm install --save-dev as-proto-gen

# with yarn
yarn add as-proto
yarn add --dev as-proto-gen

Code generation

To generate AssemblyScript file from .proto file, use following command:

protoc --plugin=protoc-gen-as=./node_modules/.bin/as-proto-gen --as_out=. ./file.proto

This command will create ./file.ts file from ./file.proto file.

Generated code example:
// star-repo-message.proto
syntax = "proto3";

message StarRepoMessage {
  string author = 1;
  string repo   = 2;
}
// star-repo-message.ts

// Code generated by protoc-gen-as. DO NOT EDIT.
// Versions:
//   protoc-gen-as v0.2.5
//   protoc        v3.21.4

import { Writer, Reader } from "as-proto/assembly";

export class StarRepoMessage {
  static encode(message: StarRepoMessage, writer: Writer): void {
    writer.uint32(10);
    writer.string(message.author);

    writer.uint32(18);
    writer.string(message.repo);
  }

  static decode(reader: Reader, length: i32): StarRepoMessage {
    const end: usize = length < 0 ? reader.end : reader.ptr + length;
    const message = new StarRepoMessage();

    while (reader.ptr < end) {
      const tag = reader.uint32();
      switch (tag >>> 3) {
        case 1:
          message.author = reader.string();
          break;

        case 2:
          message.repo = reader.string();
          break;

        default:
          reader.skipType(tag & 7);
          break;
      }
    }

    return message;
  }

  author: string;
  repo: string;

  constructor(author: string = "", repo: string = "") {
    this.author = author;
    this.repo = repo;
  }
}

Helper methods

In order to generate helper methods for encoding and decoding a message, pass the gen-helper-methods option with the as_opt parameter:

protoc --plugin=protoc-gen-as=./node_modules/.bin/as-proto-gen --as_opt=gen-helper-methods --as_out=. ./file.proto

This will add the following methods in a generated file:

export function encodeStarRepoMessage(message: StarRepoMessage): Uint8Array {
  return Protobuf.encode(message, StarRepoMessage.encode);
}

export function decodeStarRepoMessage(buffer: Uint8Array): StarRepoMessage {
  return Protobuf.decode<StarRepoMessage>(buffer, StarRepoMessage.decode);
}

Dependencies

This package will generate messages for all proto dependencies (for example import "google/protobuf/timestamp.proto";) unless you pass --as_opt=no-gen-dependencies option.

Usage

To encode and decode protobuf messages, all you need is Protobuf class and generated message class:

import { Protobuf } from 'as-proto/assembly';
import { StarRepoMessage } from './star-repo-message'; // generated file

const message = new StarRepoMessage('piotr-oles', 'as-proto');

// encode
const encoded = Protobuf.encode(message, StarRepoMessage.encode);
assert(encoded instanceof Uint8Array);

// decode
const decoded = Protobuf.decode(encoded, StarRepoMessage.decode);
assert(decoded instanceof StarRepoMessage);
assert(decoded.author === 'piotr-oles');
assert(decoded.repo === 'as-proto');

If the helper methods were generated, they can be used to reduce boilerplate code:

import {
  StarRepoMessage,
  encodeStarRepoMessage,
  decodeStarRepoMessage
} from './star-repo-message'; // generated file

const message = new StarRepoMessage('piotr-oles', 'as-proto');

const encoded = encodeStarRepoMessage(message);
const decoded = decodeStarRepoMessage(encoded);

Currently, the package doesn't support GRPC definitions - only basic Protobuf messages.

Performance

I used performance benchmark from ts-proto library and added case for as-proto. The results on Intel Core i7 2.2 Ghz (MacBook Pro 2015):

benchmarking encoding performance ...

as-proto x 1,295,297 ops/sec ±0.30% (92 runs sampled)
protobuf.js (reflect) x 589,073 ops/sec ±0.27% (88 runs sampled)
protobuf.js (static) x 589,866 ops/sec ±1.66% (89 runs sampled)
JSON (string) x 379,723 ops/sec ±0.30% (95 runs sampled)
JSON (buffer) x 295,340 ops/sec ±0.26% (93 runs sampled)
google-protobuf x 338,984 ops/sec ±1.25% (84 runs sampled)

               as-proto was fastest
  protobuf.js (reflect) was 54.5% ops/sec slower (factor 2.2)
   protobuf.js (static) was 55.1% ops/sec slower (factor 2.2)
          JSON (string) was 70.7% ops/sec slower (factor 3.4)
        google-protobuf was 74.1% ops/sec slower (factor 3.9)
          JSON (buffer) was 77.2% ops/sec slower (factor 4.4)

benchmarking decoding performance ...

as-proto x 889,283 ops/sec ±0.51% (94 runs sampled)
protobuf.js (reflect) x 1,308,310 ops/sec ±0.24% (95 runs sampled)
protobuf.js (static) x 1,375,425 ops/sec ±2.86% (92 runs sampled)
JSON (string) x 387,722 ops/sec ±0.56% (95 runs sampled)
JSON (buffer) x 345,785 ops/sec ±0.33% (94 runs sampled)
google-protobuf x 359,038 ops/sec ±0.32% (94 runs sampled)

   protobuf.js (static) was fastest
  protobuf.js (reflect) was 2.4% ops/sec slower (factor 1.0)
               as-proto was 33.8% ops/sec slower (factor 1.5)
          JSON (string) was 71.2% ops/sec slower (factor 3.5)
        google-protobuf was 73.2% ops/sec slower (factor 3.7)
          JSON (buffer) was 74.2% ops/sec slower (factor 3.9)

benchmarking combined performance ...

as-proto x 548,291 ops/sec ±0.41% (96 runs sampled)
protobuf.js (reflect) x 421,963 ops/sec ±1.41% (89 runs sampled)
protobuf.js (static) x 439,242 ops/sec ±0.85% (96 runs sampled)
JSON (string) x 186,513 ops/sec ±0.25% (94 runs sampled)
JSON (buffer) x 153,775 ops/sec ±0.54% (94 runs sampled)
google-protobuf x 160,281 ops/sec ±0.46% (91 runs sampled)

               as-proto was fastest
   protobuf.js (static) was 20.2% ops/sec slower (factor 1.3)
  protobuf.js (reflect) was 23.8% ops/sec slower (factor 1.3)
          JSON (string) was 65.9% ops/sec slower (factor 2.9)
        google-protobuf was 70.8% ops/sec slower (factor 3.4)
          JSON (buffer) was 72.0% ops/sec slower (factor 3.6)

The library is slower on decoding mostly because of GC - AssemblyScript provides very simple (and small) GC which is not as good as V8 GC. The as-proto beats JavaScript on decoding when messages contain only primitive values or other messages (no strings and arrays).

License

MIT

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npm i as-proto-gen

Weekly Downloads

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Version

1.3.0

License

MIT

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Collaborators

  • piotr-oles