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0.8.1 • Public • Published

Appium Tizen TV Driver

Tizen TV Driver for Appium

The Appium Tizen TV Driver is a test automation tool for Samsung Tizen TV devices. It works with Tizen apps that have been developed using the web-style framework (not the "native" C++-based apps). This driver is designed to be used with Appium; on its own it doesn't do anything.


If you're using the standard Appium CLI tool to manage drivers:

appium driver install --source=npm appium-tizen-tv-driver

(Or if you're using NPM to manage dependencies, just include the appium-tizen-tv-driver npm package in your package.json)

Additional Requirements

  • Tizen Studio is required to use this driver. Once it's installed, you'll need to export the TIZEN_HOME environment variable that the driver relies on. It's also convenient to add some of the studio tools to your path so you can run them as well:

    export TIZEN_HOME=/path/to/your/tizen-studio
    export PATH=${PATH}:${TIZEN_HOME}/tools:${TIZEN_HOME}/tools/ide/bin
  • The TV needs to be put into developer mode.

  • The TV must be connected to the Appium host via sdb (run sdb connect <tv-ip>). You can always verify that the TV is connected before running a test by running sdb devices.

  • The app you want to test needs to be a correctly-signed debug version of your app.

  • The TV needs to be on the same local network as the Appium server.

  • Before running your first session, you should run appium driver run tizentv pair-remote to initiate a remote pairing session with the TV. When you accept the remote pairing, a pairing token will be printed to the command line. Use this token as the content of the appium:rcToken capability to allow Appium remote control access. The pair-remote script takes one required argument: --host, which should refer to the IP of the TV. For example:

    appium driver run tizentv pair-remote --host


Capability Description
platformName [Required] Must be TizenTV
appium:automationName [Required] Must be TizenTV
appium:deviceName [Required] This capability can technically be any string, but if you set it to <device-host>:<sdb-port>, then you don't need to include the appium:udid or appium:deviceAddress capabilities. E.g.:
appium:chromedriverExecutable [Required] Most Tizen TVs run a very old version of Chrome. Because this driver uses Chromedriver under the hood, you'll need to have a very old version of Chromedriver handy that works with the version of Chrome backing the apps on your TV. In our testing, we've found Chromedriver 2.36 to work with most TVs. You need to tell the driver where you've installed this version of Chromedriver using the appium:chromedriverExecutable capability, passing in an absolute path to the Chromedriver binary.
appium:deviceAddress The IP address on the local network of the TV you want to automate. This capability is required if the equivalent information is not found in appium:deviceName
appium:udid The device ID as returned by sdb devices. This capability is required if the equivalent information is not found in appium:deviceName
appium:app An absolute path to your .wgt app file, if you want Appium to install the app.
appium:appPackage The app package ID, if you want Appium to use an app already on the TV.
appium:rcMode One of js or remote. If js, the driver will use Chromedriver to mimic remote control keypresses. If remote, the driver will use a websocket-based input device API. If remote, see the appium:rcToken capability below. Defaults to js.
appium:rcToken Set to the same value as the token printed out when running the pair-remote driver script. If omitted and appium:rcMode is remote, the driver will attempt to get a token from the the TIZEN_REMOTE_TOKEN environment variable, on-disk cache, or fetched automatically from the device and persisted to cache for future sessions (this will take at least 30s).
appium:resetRcToken If appium:rcMode is remote, set this to true to force the driver to fetch a new token from the device. This is useful if your token is no longer valid and you do not wish to use the pair-remote driver script.
appium:rcOnly If this is set to true, then no Chromedriver connection will be established, and only remote control commands will be available (no finding elements, getting source, etc...). This mode is useful if you have a non-web-based app and simply want to automate fire-and-forget remote control commands
appium:useOpenDebugPort If you have already launched an app on the TV in debug mode, and you know its remote debugging port, you can have Appium simply attach to it by sending in the port as a number as the value of this capability. This is mostly useful for driver development.
appium:isDeviceApiSsl Set it to true if you want Appium to connect to the device over SSL.
appium:rcDebugLog Set to true to enable debug logs from the interaction with the device's remote control API.
appium:rcKeypressCooldown Cooldown (in milliseconds) after each keypress via remote. Only applies if appium:rcMode is remote. Increase this number if keypress commands complete before the app under test reflects the keypress. Defaults to 750 ms.


Create Session

Create a session.

  • POST /session

This is a standard WebDriver protocol command that allows you to send in a set of capabilities to start an automation session on your app.

Delete Session

End a session.

  • DELETE /session/:sessionId

End a session, close the app and make the driver ready for new sessions.

Set Value (Send Keys)

Send keys to an input element.

  • POST /session/:sessionId/element/:elementId/value

Note that the behaviour of this command depends on the appium:sendKeysStrategy capability and its value. The default value of this capability is proxy, and in this mode, calling this command will proxy the command via Chromedriver.

If you set the value of this capability to rc, the text will instead be sent over the remote control protocol implemented by Samsung. In this mode, the actual element ID used is immaterial; the remote has no knowledge of "elements". It merely sends text into the active input field. You are responsible for making sure an input field is active and that the keyboard is on screen. This command will take care of entering the text and closing the keyboard. What happens next is up to your application logic.

Press Key

Press a remote key on the TV.

  • POST /session/:sessionId/execute


  • script: tizen: pressKey
  • key: (see below)

The keycodes should be the string taken from values of the Keys object exported by the @headspinio/tizen-remote package.

Refer to your Appium client library for how to use this method.

Long Press Key

"Long press" a remote key on the TV.

  • POST /session/:sessionId/execute


  • script: tizen: longPressKey
  • key: (see below)
  • duration: {number} in milliseconds

The keycodes should be the string taken from values of the Keys object exported by the @headspinio/tizen-remote package.

Refer to your Appium client library for how to use this method.

Proxied Commands

Once a session is started, all commands other than the ones mentioned above are proxied to Chromedriver. This means you have access to the entire suite of WebDriver spec commands available through Chromedriver. Refer to the Chromedriver documentation and Selenium client documentation for your language to see what's available.


Pull requests are welcome! To work on the driver locally, clone the repo and run npm install. Make your changes, then run npm run build to transpile them. You can install the driver using Appium's driver CLI to install from your local development path. You can also just watch for changes in the code and rebuild when anything does change:

npm run watch


  • The application under test did not start; sdb -s <device> shell 0 debug <package id>' exited with code 1
    • Please make sure the application under test is debuggable


  • This driver is developed by HeadSpin and other open source contributors.
  • It is inspired by and relies on previous work done by @sharkyStudy. Thank you!


npm i appium-tizen-tv-driver

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