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appium-android-driver

4.8.0 • Public • Published

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Appium Android Driver

Appium Android Driver is a test automation tool for Android devices. Appium Android Driver automates native, hybrid and mobile web apps, tested on simulators, emulators and real devices. Appium Android Driver is part of the Appium mobile test automation tool.

Note: Issue tracking for this repo has been disabled. Please use the main Appium issue tracker instead.

Installation

npm install appium-android-driver

Usage

Import Android Driver, set desired capabilities and create a session:

import { AndroidDriver } from `appium-android-driver`

let defaultCaps = {
  app: 'path/to/your.apk',
  deviceName: 'Android',
  platformName: 'Android'
};

let driver = new AndroidDriver();
await driver.createSession(defaultCaps);

Run commands:

await driver.setOrientation('LANDSCAPE');
console.log(await driver.getOrientation()); // -> 'LANDSCAPE'

Technical details of the bootstrap system installed on the device

The system works by a com.android.uiautomator.testrunner.UiAutomatorTestCase placed on the Android device, which opens a SocketServer on port 4724. This server receives commands, converts them to appropriate Android UI Automator commands, and runs them in the context of the device.

The commands are sent through the JavaScript interface.

UiAutomator interface

Appium's UiAutomator interface has two methods start and shutdown.

async start (uiAutomatorBinaryPath, className, startDetector, ...extraParams)

start will push uiAutomatorBinary to device and start UiAutomator with className and return the SubProcess. startDetector and extraParams are optional arguments. startDetector will be used as condition to check against your output stream of test if any. extraParams will be passed along as command line arguments when starting the subProcess.

shutdown will kill UiAutomator process on the device and also kill the subProcess.

import UiAutomator from 'lib/uiautomator';
import ADB from 'appium-adb';

let adb = await ADB.createADB();
let uiAutomator = new UiAutomator(adb);

let startDetector = (s) => { return /Appium Socket Server Ready/.test(s); };
await uiAutomator.start('foo/bar.jar', 'io.appium.android.bootstrap.Bootstrap',
                        startDetector, '-e', 'disableAndroidWatchers', true);
await uiAutomator.shutdown();

Specifying and selecting devices/emulators

The driver will attempt to connect to a device/emulator based on these properties in the desiredCapabilities object:

  1. avd: Launch or connect to the emulator with the given name.
  2. udid: Connect to the device with the given UDID.
  3. platformVersion: Connect to the first device or active emulator whose OS begins with the desired OS. This means platformVersion: 5 will take the first 5x device from the output of adb devices if there are multiple available.

If none of these capabilities are given, the driver will connect to the first device or active emulator returned from the output of adb devices.

If more than one of these capabilities are given, the driver will only use first the capability in the order above. That is, avd takes priority over udid, which takes priority over platformVersion.

Commands

Command
activateIMEEngine
availableIMEEngines
back
background
clear
click
complexTap
deactivateIMEEngine
defaultContextName
defaultWebviewName
doKey
doTouchAction
doTouchDrag
drag
elementDisplayed
elementEnabled
elementSelected
fakeFlick
fakeFlickElement
findElOrEls
fixRelease
flick
getActiveIMEEngine
getAlertText
getAttribute
getContexts
getCurrentActivity
getCurrentContext
getDeviceTime
getDisplayDensity
getLocationInView
getLog
getLogTypes
getName
getNetworkConnection
getOrientation
getPageSource
getScreenshot
getSize
getElementRect
getStrings
getSystemBars
getText
getWindowSize
getWindowRect
hideKeyboard
installApp
isAppInstalled
isIMEActivated
isKeyboardShown
isLocked
isWebContext
keyevent
keys
lock
longPressKeyCode
onChromedriverStop
openNotifications
openSettingsActivity
parseTouch
performGesture
performMultiAction
performTouch
pinchClose
pinchOpen
postAcceptAlert
postDismissAlert
pressKeyCode
pullFile
pullFolder
pushFile
removeApp
replaceValue
reset
setAlertText
setContext
setGeoLocation
setLocation
setNetworkConnection
setOrientation
setValue
setUrl
startActivity
startChromedriverProxy
stopChromedriverProxies
suspendChromedriverProxy
swipe
tap
toggleData
toggleFlightMode
toggleLocationServices
toggleSetting
toggleWiFi
touchDown
touchLongClick
touchMove
touchUp
unlock
unlockWithHelperApp
unlockWithUIAutomation
wrapBootstrapDisconnect
fingerprint
sendSMS
gsmCall
gsmSignal
gsmVoice
powerAC
powerCapacity
networkSpeed

API Notes

lock behaves differently in Android than it does in iOS. In Android it does not take any arguments, and locks the screen and returns immediately.

Development

Building the Bootstrap Jar

This package builds with an older version of the Android tools, using ant.

To build the Java system, make sure ant is installed.

In order to have both the current Android tools and the ones needed for this package, do the following:

  1. Copy your $ANDROID_HOME directory (where the Android SDK is installed) to another location.
  2. Download the Android 22 tools
  3. Replace the tools directory in the copied Android SDK directory with the Android 22 tools just downloaded
  4. Create/edit bootstrap/local.properties file, adding
    • sdk.dir=/path/to/copied/android/sdk

Now you should be able to build the Jar file by running

npm run build:bootstrap

The AppiumBootstrap.jar file is committed to source, and isn't built during the publish step. Any updates to it need to be committed. To build the jar, run gulp ant.

Transpile ES2015 code

npm run build

Watch

npm run watch

Test

npm test

Some tests need particular emulators. Currently they are twofold:

  1. API level 25: either set ANDROID_25_AVD environment variable to the name of avd, or defaults to "Nexus_5_API_25". If neither exist, the tests are skipped.
  2. API level 24: either set ANDROID_24_NO_GMS_AVD environment variable to the name of avd, or defaults to "Nexus_5_API_24". If neither exist, the tests are skipped.

Some tests also also need a specific version of Chromedriver (specifically, 2.20), which is available in the test/assets folder, or can be specified with the CHROME_2_20_EXECUTABLE environment variable.

install

npm i appium-android-driver

Downloadsweekly downloads

28,698

version

4.8.0

license

Apache-2.0

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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