node package manager

app-scripts-ionic-adi

Ionic App Scripts

Helper scripts to get Ionic apps up and running quickly (minus the config overload).

To get the latest @ionic/app-scripts, please run:

npm install @ionic/app-scripts@latest --save-dev

Config Defaults

Out of the box, Ionic starters have been preconfigured with great defaults for building fast apps, including:

  • Multi-core processing tasks in parallel for faster builds
  • In-memory file transpiling and bundling
  • Transpiling source code to ES5 JavaScript
  • Ahead of Time (AoT) template compiling
  • Just in Time (JiT) template compiling
  • Template inlining for JiT builds
  • Bundling modules for faster runtime execution
  • Treeshaking unused components and dead-code removal
  • Generating CSS from bundled component Sass files
  • Autoprefixing vendor CSS prefixes
  • Minifying JavaScript files
  • Compressing CSS files
  • Copying src static assets to www
  • Linting source files
  • Watching source files for live-reloading

Just the bullet list above is a little overwhelming, and each task requires quite a bit of development time just to get started. Ionic App Script's intention is to make it easier to complete common tasks so developers can focus on building their app, rather than building build scripts.

Note that the Ionic Framework's source is made up of modules and can be packaged by any bundler or build process. However, this project's goal is provide simple scripts to make building Ionic apps easier, while also allowing developers to further configure their build process.

npm Scripts

Instead of depending on external task runners, Ionic App Scripts now prefers being executed from npm scripts. Ionic's npm scripts come preconfigured in the project's package.json file. For example, this is the default setup for npm scripts in each starter:

  "scripts": {
    "ionic:build": "ionic-app-scripts build",
    "ionic:serve": "ionic-app-scripts serve"
  },

To run the build script found in the package.json scripts property, execute:

npm run build

Custom Configuration

In many cases, the defaults which Ionic provides cover most of the scenarios required by developers; however, Ionic App Scripts does provide multiple ways to configure and override the defaults for each of the various tasks. Note that Ionic will always apply its defaults for any property that was not provided by custom configuration.

Default Config Files

package.json Config

Ionic projects use the package.json file for configuration. There's a handy config property which can be used. Below is an example of setting a custom config file using the config property in a project's package.json.

  "config": {
    "ionic_bundler": "rollup",
    "ionic_source_map": "source-map",
    "ionic_cleancss": "./config/cleancss.config.js"
  },

Command-line Flags

Remember how we're actually running ionic-app-scripts from the scripts property of a project's package.json file? Well we can also add command-line flags to each script, or make new scripts with these custom flags. For example:

  "scripts": {
    "build": "ionic-app-scripts build --rollup ./config/rollup.config.js",
    "minify": "ionic-app-scripts minify --cleancss ./config/cleancss.config.js",
  },

The same command-line flags can be also applied to npm run commands too, such as:

npm run build --rollup ./config/rollup.config.js

Overriding Config Files

Config File package.json Config Cmd-line Flag
CleanCss ionic_cleancss --cleancss or -e
Copy ionic_copy --copy or -y
Generator ionic_generator --generator or -g
NGC ionic_ngc --ngc or -n
Rollup ionic_rollup --rollup or -r
Sass ionic_sass --sass or -s
TSLint ionic_tslint --tslint or -i
UglifyJS ionic_uglifyjs --uglifyjs or -u
Watch ionic_watch --watch
Webpack ionic_webpack --webpack or -w

Overriding Config Values

Config Values package.json Config Cmd-line Flag Defaults Details
bundler ionic_bundler --bundler webpack Chooses which bundler to use: webpack or rollup
source map type ionic_source_map --sourceMap eval Chooses the webpack devtool option. We only support eval or source-map for now
root directory ionic_root_dir --rootDir process.cwd() The directory path of the Ionic app
tmp directory ionic_tmp_dir --tmpDir .tmp A temporary directory for codegen'd files using the Angular ngc AoT compiler
src directory ionic_src_dir --srcDir src The directory holding the Ionic src code
www directory ionic_www_dir --wwwDir www The deployable directory containing everything needed to run the app
build directory ionic_build_dir --buildDir build The build process uses this directory to store generated files, etc

Ionic Environment Variables

These environment variables are automatically set to Node's process.env property. These variables can be useful from within custom configuration files, such as custom webpack.config.js file.

Environment Variable Description
IONIC_ENV Value can be either prod or dev.
IONIC_ROOT_DIR The absolute path to the project's root directory.
IONIC_TMP_DIR The absolute path to the project's temporary directory.
IONIC_SRC_DIR The absolute path to the app's source directory.
IONIC_WWW_DIR The absolute path to the app's public distribution directory.
IONIC_BUILD_DIR The absolute path to the app's bundled js and css files.
IONIC_APP_SCRIPTS_DIR The absolute path to the @ionic/app-scripts node_module directory.
IONIC_SOURCE_MAP The Webpack devtool setting. We recommend eval or source-map.

The process.env.IONIC_ENV environment variable can be used to test whether it is a prod or dev build, which automatically gets set by any command. By default the build task is prod, and the watch and serve tasks are dev. Additionally, using the --dev command line flag will force the build to use dev.

Please take a look at the bottom of the default Rollup config file to see how the IONIC_ENV environment variable is being used to conditionally change config values for production builds.

All Available Tasks

These tasks are available within ionic-app-scripts and can be added to npm scripts or any Node command.

Task Description
build Full production build. Use --dev flag for dev build.
bundle Bundle JS modules.
clean Empty the www directory.
cleancss Compress the output CSS with CleanCss
copy Run the copy tasks, which by defaults copies the src/assets/ and src/index.html files to www.
lint Run the linter against the source .ts files, using the tslint.json config file at the root.
minify Minifies the output JS bundle and compresses the compiled CSS.
ngc Runs just the ngc portion of the production build.
sass Sass compilation of used modules. Bundling must have as least ran once before Sass compilation.
transpile Runs just the tsc portion of the dev build.
watch Runs watch for dev builds.

Example NPM Script:

  "scripts": {
    "minify": "ionic-app-scripts minify"
  },

Tips

  1. The Webpack devtool setting is driven by the ionic_source_map variable. It defaults to eval for fast builds, but can provide the original source map by changing the value to source-map. There are additional values that Webpack supports, but we only support eval and source-maps for now.

The Stack

Contributing

We welcome any PRs, issues, and feedback! Please be respectful and follow the Code of Conduct.

Publish a release

Execute the following steps to publish a release:

  1. Run npm run build to generate the dist directory
  2. Run npm run test to validate the dist works
  3. Temporarily tick the package.json version
  4. Run npm run changelog to append the latest additions to the changelog
  5. Manually verify and commit the changelog changes. Often times you'll want to manually add content/instructions
  6. Revert the package.json version to the original version
  7. Run npm version patch to tick the version and generate a git tag
  8. Run npm run github-release to create the github release entry
  9. Run npm publish to publish the package to npm