apotelesma
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0.0.5 • Public • Published

Apotelesma

Apotelesma is a TypeScript/typescript library designed to provide a robust structure for handling operations that may result in success or failure. Inspired by functional design patterns and the Kotlin implementation, this library makes error handling and successful data flow management easier through specific classes and methods.

Features

  • Simple and expressive handling of successful and failed operations.
  • Methods for transforming, recovering, and acting on results.
  • Clear and concise control flows for complex business logic.

Installation

npm install apotelesma

Basic Usage

function divide(a: number, b: number): Result<number> {
    try {
        return Result.success(a / b)
    } catch(error) {
        return Result.failure(error)
    }
}

Using runCatching

function divide(a: number, b: number): Result<number> {
    return Result.runCatching(function() {
        return a / b
    })
}

Result

This abstract class represents the outcome of an operation, which can be either successful (Result.success) or a failure (Result.failure).

Methods

isSuccess(): this is Result.success<T>

  • Description: Determines if the result is a success.
  • Returns: boolean - true if the result is a success, otherwise false.
  • Example:
if (result.isSuccess()) {
    console.log("Operation was successful.");
}

isFailure(): this is Result.failure<unknown>

  • Description: Determines if the result is a failure. Due to the Javascript error handling system a failure always be treated as unknown.
  • Returns: boolean - true if the result is a failure, otherwise false.
  • Example:
if (result.isFailure()) {
    console.log("Operation failed.");
}

exceptionOrNull(): unknown | null

  • Description: Retrieves the exception if the result is a failure, otherwise returns null.
  • Returns: unknown | null - The exception if present, otherwise null.
  • Example:
const error = result.exceptionOrNull();
if (error) {
    console.error(error);
}

getOrNull(): T | null

  • Description: Gets the value if the result is a success, otherwise returns null.
  • Returns: T | null - The success value or null.
  • Example:
const value = result.getOrNull();
if (value) {
    console.log("Received value:", value);
}

getOrThrow(): T | never

  • Description: Gets the value if the result is a success, otherwise throws the exception.
  • Returns: T - The success value.
  • Throws: The exception if the result is a failure.
  • Example:
try {
    const value = result.getOrThrow();
    console.log("Received value:", value);
} catch (error) {
    console.error("Error occurred:", error);
}

getOrDefault<U>(defaultValue: U): T | U

  • Description: Gets the value if the result is a success, otherwise returns the provided default value.
  • Parameters: defaultValue: U - The default value to return if the result is a failure.
  • Returns: T | U - The success value or the default value.
  • Example:
const value = result.getOrDefault("Default Value");
console.log("Received value:", value);

getOrElse<U>(onFailure: (exception: unknown) => U): T | U

  • Description: Gets the value if the result is a success, or executes a function and returns its result if a failure.
  • Parameters: onFailure: (exception: unknown) => U - Function to execute if the result is a failure.
  • Returns: T | U - The success value or the result of the onFailure function.
  • Example:
const value = result.getOrElse(error => {
    console.error("Error occurred:", error);
    return "Fallback Value";
});
console.log("Received value:", value);

fold<U>(onSuccess: (value: T) => U, onFailure: (exception: unknown) => U): U

  • Description: Applies one of two functions based on whether the result is a success or a failure.
  • Parameters:
    • onSuccess: (value: T) => U - Function to apply if the result is a success.
    • onFailure: (exception: unknown) => U - Function to apply if the result is a failure.
  • Returns: U - The result of the applied function.
  • Example:
const foldedResult = result.fold(
    value => `Success with value: ${value}`,
    error => `Failure with error: ${error}`
);
console.log(foldedResult);

map<U>(transform: (value: T) => U): Result<U>

  • Description: Transforms the success value using the provided function. If called on a Failure, it does nothing and returns the original Failure.
  • Parameters: transform: (value: T) => U - Function to transform the success value.
  • Returns: Result<U> - A new Result with the transformed value if called on Success, otherwise the original Failure.
  • Example:
const result = Result.success(5);
const mappedResult = result.map(value => value * 2);
console.log(mappedResult.getOrNull()); 
// Outputs: 10

mapCatching<U>(transform: (value: T) => U): Result<U>

  • Description: Similar to map, but catches any exceptions thrown by the transform function and returns a Failure if an exception occurs.
  • Parameters: transform: (value: T) => U - Function to transform the success value.
  • Returns: Result<U> - A Success with the transformed value or a Failure if an exception is thrown.
  • Example:
const result = Result.success(5);
const mappedResult = result.mapCatching(value => {
if (value === 5) throw new Error("Error occurred");
    return value * 2;
});
console.log(mappedResult.isFailure()); // Outputs: true

recover<U>(transform: (exception: unknown) => U): Result<T> | Result<U>

  • Description: Transforms a Failure into a Success by applying the provided function to the failure value. If called on a Success, it does nothing and returns the original Success.
  • Parameters: transform: (exception: unknown) => U - Function to transform the failure value.
  • Returns: Result<T> | Result<U> - A Success if called on a Failure, otherwise the original Success.
  • Example:
const result = Result.failure("Error");
const recoveredResult = result.recover(error => "Recovered from " + error);
console.log(recoveredResult.getOrNull()); 
// Outputs: "Recovered from Error"

recoverCatching<U>(transform: (exception: unknown) => U): Result<T> | Result<U>

  • Description: Similar to recover, but catches any exceptions thrown by the transform function and returns a Failure if an exception occurs.
  • Parameters: transform: (exception: unknown) => U - Function to transform the failure value.
  • Returns: Result<T> | Result<U> - A Success with the transformed value or a Failure if an exception is thrown.
  • Example:
const result = Result.failure("Error");
const recoveredResult = result.recoverCatching(error => {
    throw new Error("Another error");
});
console.log(recoveredResult.isFailure()); // Outputs: true

onSuccess(action: (value: T) => void): Result<T>

  • Description: Executes the provided action if the result is a Success. Does nothing if it is a Failure.
  • Parameters: action: (value: T) => void - Action to execute with the success value.
  • Returns: Result<T> - The original Result for method chaining.
  • Example:
Result.success("Operation successful")
    .onSuccess(value => console.log(value)); 
    // Outputs: "Operation successful"

onFailure(action: (exception: unknown) => void): Result<T>

  • Description: Executes the provided action if the result is a Failure. Does nothing if it is a Success.
  • Parameters: action: (exception: unknown) => void - Action to execute with the failure value.
  • Returns: Result<T> - The original Result for method chaining.
  • Example:
Result.failure("Operation failed")
    .onFailure(error => console.error(error)); 
    // Outputs: "Operation failed"

Static methods

Result.success<T>(value: T): Success<T>

  • Description: Creates a Success instance with the provided value. This method is used to represent a successful outcome of an operation.
  • Parameters: value: T - The success value.
  • Returns: Success<T> - An instance representing a successful result.
  • Example:
const success = Result.success("Operation succeeded");
console.log(success.getOrNull()); 
// Outputs: "Operation succeeded"

Result.failure<T>(exception: T): Failure<T>

  • Description: Creates a Failure instance with the provided exception. This method is used to represent a failed outcome of an operation, typically with an error or exception.
  • Parameters: exception: T - The failure exception or error.
  • Returns: Failure<T> - An instance representing a failed result.
  • Example:
const failure = Result.failure(new Error("Operation failed"));
console.log(failure.exceptionOrNull()); 
// Outputs: Error: "Operation failed"

These static methods provide a convenient way to create Success and Failure instances, encapsulating the outcome of operations in your code. This makes handling different results more straightforward and expressive, following functional programming patterns.

Result.runCatching<U>(block: () => U): Result<U>

  • Description: Executes a block of code that may throw an exception. Returns a Success with the value if the block succeeds, or a Failure with the exception if it fails.
  • Parameters: block: () => U - A function that returns a value or throws an exception.
  • Returns: Result<U> - A Success or Failure depending on the outcome of the block.
  • Example:
const result = Result.runCatching(() => {
    if (someCondition) {
        throw new Error("Error occurred");
    }
    return "Success value";
});

result.onSuccess(value => console.log(value));
result.onFailure(error => console.error(error));

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Install

npm i apotelesma

Weekly Downloads

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Version

0.0.5

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

22.9 kB

Total Files

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Collaborators

  • alessandrocondobleese