A Node.js module for interfacing with the Apple Push Notification service.
- Based on HTTP/2 based provider API
- Maintains a connection to the server to maximise notification batching and throughput.
- Automatically resends unsent notifications if an error occurs
npm is the preferred installation method:
$ npm install apn --save
This readme is a brief introduction, please refer to the full documentation in
doc/ for more details.
If you have previously used v1.x and wish to learn more about what's changed in v2.0, please see What's New
Load in the module
var apn = ;
Create a new connection to the Apple Push Notification provider API, passing a dictionary of options to the constructor. You must supply your token credentials in the options.
var options =token:key: "path/to/APNsAuthKey_XXXXXXXXXX.p8"keyId: "key-id"teamId: "developer-team-id"production: false;var apnProvider = options;
By default, the provider will connect to the sandbox unless the environment variable
NODE_ENV=production is set.
For more information about configuration options consult the provider documentation.
Help with preparing the key and certificate files for connection can be found in the wiki
Sending a notification
To send a notification you will first need a device token from your app as a string
let deviceToken = "a9d0ed10e9cfd022a61cb08753f49c5a0b0dfb383697bf9f9d750a1003da19c7"
Create a notification object, configuring it with the relevant parameters (See the notification documentation for more details.)
var note = ;noteexpiry = Math + 3600; // Expires 1 hour from now.notebadge = 3;notesound = "ping.aiff";notealert = "\uD83D\uDCE7 \u2709 You have a new message";notepayload = 'messageFrom': 'John Appleseed';notetopic = "<your-app-bundle-id>";
Send the notification to the API with
send, which returns a promise.
This will result in the the following notification payload being sent to the device
You should only create one
Provider per-process for each certificate/key pair you have. You do not need to create a new
Provider for each notification. If you are only sending notifications to one app then there is no need for more than one
If you are constantly creating
Provider instances in your app, make sure to call
Provider.shutdown() when you are done with each provider to release its resources and memory.
You are encouraged to read the extremely informative Troubleshooting Push Notifications Tech Note in the first instance, in case your query is answered there.
If you have any questions or difficulties working with the module, the node-apn Google group should be your first port of call.
Please include as much detail as possible - especially debug logs. If the problem is reproducible, sample code is also extremely helpful. GitHub Issues should only be created for verified problems and enhancements, this will allow them to be tracked more easily.
- Local and Push Notification Programming Guide: APNs Overview
- Apple Technical Note: Troubleshooting Push Notifications
- List of Projects, Applications and Companies Using Node-apn
Created by Andrew Naylor
Released under the MIT License
Copyright (c) 2013 Andrew Naylor
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.