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Amend is a dependency-injection framework for use in node and in the browser. Amend aims to have no impact on the code you write and to minimize configuration as much as possible.


npm i amend -S


npm install amend --save

Current state

Amend is battle tested in an enterprise application both in node and the browser and it is production ready.


  • Works in node
  • Works in the browser
  • Works minified


Instead of forcing you to use code specific to this library when creating your components, amend lets you write components using the regular require and module.exports function and variable. Depenencies between the components are wired up through a configuration object. This means that unlike many other di frameworks, no variables specific for amend are introduced in your code.

The configuration is a normal javascript object that maps names of components to their path for require. A module can be one of these three types:


Factories are functions that can have dependencies injected in them. The factory function is executed by amend and whatever the factory returns is what you get when you access the module through amend. The dependency arguments should correspond to the names of the modules that are to be injected.

module.exports = function(dependency1, dependency2, ...) {
  return //returned function/object


Classes are similair to factories in that they can have dependencies injected in them. But the function is treated like a constuctor and is therefore invoked with new. This means that you can assign values to this and access them in your created module.

module.exports = function(dependency1, dependency2, ...) {
  this.foo = something;


Values are simpler than factories and constructors, they cannot have dependencies themselves. Whatever you assign to module.exports will be what you get when you access the module through amend.

module.exports = //returned function/object


If the type of a module is set to spread, the module is expected to be an object. Each key/value pair in the object will be registered as values in the container. This can be used to avoid namespacing of dependencies if so desired. Note that if several modules are imported this way with the same keys in their object, the first key will be overwritten by the latter.



Returns a di container with modules loaded acording to the specified configuration. The opts object can have these keys:

config (required)

config is a javascript object that contains the key modules in which the keys are the names of the modules. A module can have two configuration options. require is the path by which the module will be required. Require paths can be realtive or to an installed dependency, relative paths should be relative to the root directory of the poject. type is either "factory", "class" or "value".

  var config = {
    modules: {
      foo: {
         require: './lib/foo',
         type: 'factory'

It is also possible to use "short" notation where only the path is configured:

  var conf = {
    modules: {
      foo: './lib/foo'

When using "short" notation the module is assumed to be a factory if it returns a function, otherwise it is treated as a value. This means that it is only neccesary to use "long" notation when registering a class or when the module consists of a function that should be treated as a value. Note that external dependencies are by default treated as values.

config may also contain parent listing. A parent is another node module that exposes an amend module. Each parent needs to specify the name of the node module in which it lives, and a path to a config file. The path should be relative to the parent root.

  var config = {
    parents: [{
       nodeModule: 'parent-module',
       configFile: './path/to/parent/config'

baseDir (required)

The root directory of the project creating the amend container. Probably derived by using process.cwd()


See annotate below.


If set to true the cache of nodes require object will be cleared. Useful in some development enviroments.

new Container(options)

Manually create a container. This is not the recommended way to do it as a container is created and populated with amend.fromConfig. The container constuctor is required by reuire('amend').Container.


Returns the component with the specified name. If the component is a factory or a class it will be initialized on the first call to get. On subsquent calls the initialized component will be returned.


All components are lazy loaded, only initialized when they are required. This method will initialize all modules however. If there are any missmatching dependencies in the container, a call to this method will detect them by throwing an error.

container.factory(name, factoryFn)

Manually register a factory.

container.class(name, constructorFn)

Manually register a class.

container.value(name, value)

Manually register a value.


A little dice game:

  // file: ./config.json
    "modules": {
      "rollDice": "./roll-dice.js",
      "playGame": "./play-game.js",
      "_": {
        "require": "lodash",
        "type:": "value"
  // file: ./roll-dice.js
  module.exports = function(_) {
    return function() {
      return _.random(1, 6);
  // file: ./playGame.js
  module.exports = function(rollDice) {
    return function() {
      return "The roll was " + rollDice()
  //file ./main.js
  var amend = require('amend');
  var config = require('./config.json');
  var di = amend.fromConfig(config);
  var playGame = di.get('playGame');
  console.log(playGame()); // prints "The roll was 4"



Annotate takes an amend container and produces an output which describes the dependencies between the different components. This output can then be used when creating a container in a minified enviroment where the names of dependencies have been obfuscated. Annotate is included as an executable and can thus be accessed through adding an npm script, through the node_modules/.bin folder or if amend is installed globally. To execute the binary, run:

ammend-annotate config.json

This will print the output to standard out.

It is also possible to use the api:

var annotate = require('amend/tools').annotate;
var config = require('./my-config.json');
var di = amend.fromConfig(config);
var out = getMyWriteStream()
annotate(di, out);

Use the annotated output when creating your container. If you have written the output to ./annotations.json then create a container like this:

var amend = require('amend');
var config = require('./config.json');
var annotations = require('./annotations.json');
var opts = {
  config: config,
  baseDir: ...,
  annotations: annotations
var di = amend.fromNodeConfig(opts);


npm i amend

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