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ag-psd

11.0.1 • Public • Published

ag-psd

Build Status npm version

JavaScript library for reading and writing PSD files (Photoshop Document files)

Implemented according to official documentation , fileformat.info and a lot of trial and error.

Limitations

  • Does not support Indexed, CMYK, Multichannel, Duotone and LAB color modes
  • Does not support 16 bits per channel
  • Does not support The Large Document Format (8BPB/PSB)
  • Does not support color palettes
  • Does not support animations
  • Does not support patterns (or "Pattern Overlay" layer effect)
  • Does not support some metadata fields
  • Does not support smart objects
  • Does not support 3d effects
  • Does not support some new features from latest versions of Photoshop
  • Text layers implementation is incomplete
    • Writing text layer with "vertical" orientation may result in broken PSD file
    • Does not support writing or reading predefined "Paragraph Styles" or "Character Styles"
    • The library does not redraw bitmap data for the text layer, so files with updated/written text layers will result in a warning prompt when opening the file in Photoshop. see more below

Installation

npm install ag-psd

Usage

Functions

// read PSD from ArrayBuffer, typed array or Node.js Buffer object
export function readPsd(buffer: Buffer | ArrayBuffer | BufferLike, options?: ReadOptions): Psd;
 
// write PSD to ArrayBuffer
export function writePsd(psd: Psd, options?: WriteOptions): ArrayBuffer;
 
// write PSD to Uint8Array (avoids some memory allocation)
export function writePsdUint8Array(psd: Psd, options?: WriteOptions): Uint8Array;
 
// write PSD to Node.js Buffer object
export function writePsdBuffer(psd: Psd, options?: WriteOptions): Buffer;

Node.js

Reading

Needs node-canvas to read image data and thumbnails.

import * as fs from 'fs';
import 'ag-psd/initialize-canvas'; // only needed for reading image data and thumbnails
import { readPsd } from 'ag-psd';
 
const buffer = fs.readFileSync('my-file.psd');
 
// read only document structure
const psd1 = readPsd(buffer, { skipLayerImageData: true, skipCompositeImageData: true, skipThumbnail: true });
console.log(psd1);
 
// read document structure and image data
const psd2 = readPsd(buffer);
console.log(psd2);
fs.writeFileSync('layer-1.png', psd2.children[0].canvas.getBuffer());

Writing

import * as fs from 'fs';
import 'ag-psd/initialize-canvas'; // only needed for writing image data and thumbnails
import { writePsdBuffer } from 'ag-psd';
 
const psd = {
  width: 300,
  height: 200,
  children: [
    {
      name: 'Layer #1',
    }
  ]
};
 
const buffer = writePsdBuffer(psd);
fs.writeFileSync('my-file.psd', buffer);

Browser

Reading

import { readPsd } from 'ag-psd';
 
const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open('GET', 'my-file.psd', true);
xhr.responseType = 'arraybuffer';
xhr.addEventListener('load', function () {
  const buffer = xhr.response;
  const psd = readPsd(buffer);
 
  console.log(psd);
 
  document.body.appendChild(psd.children[0].canvas);
}, false);
xhr.send();

Writing

saveAs function from FileSaver.js

import { writePsd } from 'ag-psd';
 
const psd = {
  width: 300,
  height: 200,
  children: [
    {
      name: 'Layer #1',
    }
  ]
};
 
const buffer = writePsd(psd);
const blob = new Blob([buffer], { type: 'application/octet-stream' });
saveAs(blob, 'my-file.psd');

Browser (bundle)

<script src="node_modules/ag-psd/dist/bundle.js"></script>
<script>
  var readPsd = agPsd.readPsd;
  // rest the same as above
</script> 

Browser in Web Worker

Reading

Browser has to support OffscreenCanvas and bitmaprenderer context.

// worker.js
 
importScripts('bundle.js');
 
const createCanvas = (width, height) => {
  const canvas = new OffscreenCanvas(width, height);
  canvas.width = width;
  canvas.height = height;
  return canvas;
};
 
const createCanvasFromData = (data) => {
  const image = new Image();
  image.src = 'data:image/jpeg;base64,' + agPsd.byteArrayToBase64(data);
  const canvas = new OffscreenCanvas(image.width, image.height);
  canvas.width = image.width;
  canvas.height = image.height;
  canvas.getContext('2d').drawImage(image, 0, 0);
  return canvas;
};
 
agPsd.initializeCanvas(createCanvas, createCanvasFromData);
 
onmessage = message => {
  // skipping thumbnail and layer images here so we don't have to clear and convert them all
  // before posting data back
  const psd = agPsd.readPsd(message.data, { skipLayerImageData: true, skipThumbnail: true });
  const bmp = psd.canvas.transferToImageBitmap();
  delete psd.canvas; // can't post canvases back from workers
  postMessage({ psd: psd, image: bmp }, [bmp]); // need to mark bitmap for transfer
};
 
 
// main script (assumes using bundle)
 
const worker = new Worker('worker.js');
worker.onmessage = message => {
  const psd = message.data.psd;
  const image = message.data.image;
  
  // convert image back to canvas
  const canvas = document.createElement('canvas');
  canvas.width = image.width;
  canvas.height = image.height;
  canvas.getContext('bitmaprenderer').transferFromImageBitmap(image);
 
  document.body.appendChild(canvas);
  console.log('psd:', psd);
};
 
const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open('GET', 'src.psd', true);
xhr.responseType = 'arraybuffer';
xhr.addEventListener('load', function () {
  // read using worker
  worker.postMessage(buffer, [buffer]);
}, false);
xhr.send();

Writing

// worker.js
 
importScripts('bundle.js');
 
const createCanvas = (width, height) => {
  const canvas = new OffscreenCanvas(width, height);
  canvas.width = width;
  canvas.height = height;
  return canvas;
};
 
const createCanvasFromData = (data) => {
  const image = new Image();
  image.src = 'data:image/jpeg;base64,' + agPsd.byteArrayToBase64(data);
  const canvas = new OffscreenCanvas(image.width, image.height);
  canvas.width = image.width;
  canvas.height = image.height;
  canvas.getContext('2d').drawImage(image, 0, 0);
  return canvas;
};
 
agPsd.initializeCanvas(createCanvas, createCanvasFromData);
 
onmessage = message => {
  const psd = message.data.psd;
  const image = message.data.image;
 
  // convert bitmap back to canvas
  const canvas = new OffscreenCanvas(image.width, image.height);
  canvas.getContext('bitmaprenderer').transferFromImageBitmap(image);
  // need to draw onto new canvas because single canvas can't use both '2d' and 'bitmaprenderer' contexts
  const canvas2 = new OffscreenCanvas(canvas.width, canvas.height);
  canvas2.getContext('2d').drawImage(canvas, 0, 0);
 
  console.log(psd, canvas2);
  psd.children[0].canvas = canvas2;
  psd.canvas = canvas2;
  const data = agPsd.writePsd(psd);
  postMessage(data, [data]); // mark data as transferable
};
 
 
// main script (assumes using bundle)
 
const worker = new Worker('/test/worker-write.js');
worker.onmessage = message => {
  const blob = new Blob([message.data]);
  const a = document.createElement('a');
  a.href = URL.createObjectURL(blob);
  a.textContent = 'Download generated PSD';
  a.download = 'example_psd.psd';
  document.body.appendChild(a);
};
 
const canvas = new OffscreenCanvas(200, 200);
const context = canvas.getContext('2d');
context.fillStyle = 'white';
context.fillRect(0, 0, 200, 200);
context.fillStyle = 'red';
context.fillRect(50, 50, 120, 110);
const bmp = canvas.transferToImageBitmap(); // convert canvas to image bitmap for transfering to worker
const psd = {
  width: 200,
  height: 200,
  children: [
    {
      name: 'Layer 1',
    }
  ]
};
worker.postMessage({ psd: psd, image: bmp }, [bmp]);

You can see working example in test/index.html, test/worker-read.js and test/worker-write.js.

Options

interface ReadOptions {
  /** does not load layer image data */
  skipLayerImageData?: boolean;
  /** does not load composite image data */
  skipCompositeImageData?: boolean;
  /** does not load thumbnail */
  skipThumbnail?: boolean;
}
 
interface WriteOptions {
  /** automatically generates thumbnail from composite image */
  generateThumbnail?: boolean;
  /** trims transparent pixels from layer image data */
  trimImageData?: boolean;
}

Sample PSD document

Below is a simple example of document structure returned from readPsd. You can see full document structure in psd.ts file

{
  "width": 300,
  "height": 200,
  "channels": 3,
  "bitsPerChannel": 8,
  "colorMode": 3,
  "children": [
    {
      "top": 0,
      "left": 0,
      "bottom": 200,
      "right": 300,
      "blendMode": "normal",
      "opacity": 1,
      "transparencyProtected": false,
      "hidden": true,
      "clipping": false,
      "name": "Layer 0",
      "canvas": [Canvas]
    },
    {
      "top": 0,
      "left": 0,
      "bottom": 0,
      "right": 0,
      "blendMode": "multiply",
      "opacity": 1,
      "transparencyProtected": true,
      "hidden": false,
      "clipping": false,
      "name": "Layer 3",
      "canvas": [Canvas]
    }
  ],
  "canvas": [Canvas]
}

Updating document without corrupting image data

If you read and write the same document, image data can get corrupted by automatic alpha channel pre-multiplication that happens when you load data into the canvas element. To avoid that use raw image data (set useImageData option to true in ReadOptions. you can also use useRawThumbnail option to preserve original thumbnail data)

const psd = readPsd(inputBuffer, { useImageData: true });
 
// TODO: update psd document here
 
const outuptBuffer = writePsd(psd); 

Writing text layers

// simple example
const psd = {
  width: 200,
  height: 200,
  children: [
    name: 'text layer',
    text: {
      text: 'Hello world', // text you want to draw
      transform: [1, 0, 0, 1, 50, 50], // move text 50px horizontally and 50px vertically
      style: {
        font: { name: 'ArialMT' }, // need to provide full name here
        fontSize: 30,
        fillColor: { r: 255, g: 0, b: 0 }, // opaque red
      },
    },
  ],
};
 
const buffer = writePsd(psd);
// advanced example
const psd = {
  width: 200,
  height: 200,
  children: [
    name: 'text layer',
    text: {
      text: 'Hello world\nanother line', // text you want to draw
      transform: [1, 0, 0, 1, 50, 50], // move text 50px horizontally and 50px vertically
      style: {
        font: { name: 'ArialMT' }, // need to provide full name here
        fontSize: 30,
      },
      styleRuns: [
        {
          length: 5, // length of 'Hello'
          style: { fillColor: { r: 255, g: 0, b: 0 } }, // make 'Hello' red
        },
        {
          length: 7, // length of ' world\n'
          style: { fillColor: { r: 0, g: 0, b: 255 } }, // make 'world' blue
        },
        {
          length: 12, // length of 'another line'
          style: { fillColor: { r: 0, g: 255, b: 0 }, underline: true }, // make 'another line' green and underlined
        },
      ],
      paragraphStyle: {
        justification: 'center', // center justify whole block of text
      },
    },
  ],
};
 
const buffer = writePsd(psd);

Updating text layers

const psd = readPsd(inputBuffer);
 
// assuming first layer is the one you want to update and has text already present
psd.children[0].text.text = 'New text here';
 
// optionally remove outdated image data
psd.children[0].canvas = undefined;
 
// needs `invalidateTextLayers` option to force Photoshop to redraw text layer on load,
// otherwise it will keep the old image data
const outuptBuffer = writePsd(psd, { invalidateTextLayers: true }); 

When you add text layer to PSD file it is missing image data and additional text engine information. When you open file created this way in Photoshop it will display this error message, prompting you to update layer image data. You should choose "Update" which will prompt Photoshop to redraw text layers from text data. Clicking "OK" will result in text layers being left in broken state.

Text layer issues

Writing or updating layer orientation to vertical can end up creating broken PSD file that will crash Photoshop on opening. This is result of incomplete text layer implementation.

Development

Building

gulp build

Testing

gulp test            # run tests 
gulp cov             # run tests & coverage 

Coding

Watch task with building, testing and code coverage

gulp dev             # run with build watch task 
gulp dev --coverage  # run with build & tests & coverage watch tasks 
npm run lint         # run tslint 

Keywords

Install

npm i ag-psd

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

159

Version

11.0.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

2.15 MB

Total Files

63

Last publish

Collaborators

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