abap-api-tools
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2.6.2 • Public • Published

abap api tools

License

CLI tool for conventions' based applications

Content

Installation

npm install -g abap-api-tools

abap

SAP NWRFC SDK binaries shall be installed on your notebook, for CLI connectivity to ABAP systems. Check where to download and how to install.

Without SAP NWRFC SDK, the make command and custom ui configurations can be tested with ABAP annotations sample:

npm -g abap-api-tools

gh repo clone SAP/fundamental-tools sample -- --branch sample --single-branch
cd sample

abap make fundamental-ngx -c config/equipment
# check results in api/equipment folder

Using SAP-internal docker container with pre-installed SAP NWRFC SDK, only docker is required on your notebook:

gh repo clone SAP/fundamental-tools sample -- --branch sample --single-branch
cd sample

docker run --name cli -v /pathTo/sample:/work abap-api-tools
docker exec cli abap make ui5-react -c config/equipment

Usage

Create project folder and maintain ABAP system(s) destinations in sapnwrfc.ini file, for example:

sapnwrfc.ini

DEFAULT
# TRACE=3

# user/password
DEST=MME
USER=demo
PASSWD=welcome
ASHOST=10.68.110.51
SYSNR=00
CLIENT=620
LANG=EN

# single sign-on
DEST=MME_SSO
SNC_LIB=C:\Program Files\SAP\FrontEnd\SecureLogin\libsapcrypto.dll
SNC_PARTNERNAME=p/secude:CN=MME, O=SAP-AG, C=DE
ASHOST=coevi51
SYSNR=20
CLIENT=71

ABAP API for Value Help annotations, if exposed in backend system (see ABAP helpers), shall be defined in config/system.yaml file. Use the same destination name like in sapnwrfc.ini:

MME:
  search_help_api:
    determine: /COE/RBP_FE_SHLP_DETERM_SEARCH
    FV_descriptor_get: /COE/RBP_FE_SHLP_DOMVALUES_GET
    CT_descriptor_get: FDT_GET_DDIC_METADATA
    SH_descriptor_get: /COE/RBP_FE_SHLP_METADATA_GET
    search: /COE/RBP_FE_SHLP_GET

Run abap command, to show help:

abap

Commands:
  abap call <dest> <rfm...>  ABAP function module call template
  abap get <dest> [rfm...]   ABAP API annotations
  abap make <ui> [rfm...]    Create ui elements
  abap cp <ui> [to]          Copy ui configuration to local folder ./config
  abap rm <ui>               Remove local ui configuration

Options:
  --help     Show help
  --version  Show version number

or subcommand help:

abap call

Examples

ABAP Function Module call template

NodeJS call template of a single ABAP function module.

Echoed to console or saved to local js file if the -s option is used:

abap call MME stfc_structure -s

The call template provides a source code for ABAP function module invocation, with all parameters and their data structures:

  • Optional parameters are commented and initialized with ABAP default values
  • Required parameters are initialized with empty string, buffer or zero number
  • Conversion Exit ("ALPHA Exit") and User Profile parameter (SU3) are mentioned in parameter or field comment

More than one ABAP function module

abap call MME stfc_connection stfc_performance

ABAP API annotations for ui elements

abap get MME stfc_connection stfc_performance bapi_user_get_detail

Call templates are now saved in api folder and annnotations for ui elements in api/yaml:

api
├── bapi_user_get_detail.js
├── stfc_connection.js
├── stfc_performance.js
└── yaml
    ├── alpha.yaml
    ├── fields.yaml
    ├── helps.yaml
    ├── parameters.yaml
    ├── stat.yaml
    └── usage.yaml

Use -o option for output folder other than the default api.

Using -c|--catalog option a path to yaml file with ABAP function modules' names can be provided:

my-api.yaml

transferOrder:
  - BAPI_WHSE_TO_CREATE_STOCK
  - BAPI_WHSE_TO_GET_DETAIL
  - BAPI_WHSE_TO_GET_LIST
FI:
  - BAPI_ACC_DOCUMENT_POST
abap get MME -c my-api # .yaml extension optional

Call templates and annotations are saved in respective sub-folders:

api
├── FI
│   ├── bapi_acc_document_post.js
│   └── yaml
│       ├── alpha.yaml
│       ├── fields.yaml
│       ├── helps.yaml
│       ├── parameters.yaml
│       ├── stat.yaml
│       └── usage.yaml
└── transferOrder
    ├── bapi_whse_to_create_stock.js
    ├── bapi_whse_to_get_detail.js
    ├── bapi_whse_to_get_list.js
    └── yaml
        ├── alpha.yaml
        ├── fields.yaml
        ├── helps.yaml
        ├── parameters.yaml
        ├── stat.yaml
        └── usage.yaml

ui elements

After annotations are saved, ui elements can be created:

abap make fudamental-ngx -c my-api # .yaml extension optional

Now we have one js file with a call template one html file with ui components, for each ABAP function module:

bapi_whse_to_get_detail.js
bapi_whse_to_get_detail.html

The html file contains ui elements, for each BAPI/RFM parameter and structure/table data field.

Annoted with:

  • Default binding
  • Data type, length
  • Texts (label, caption)
  • Currency or quantity reference fields (unit of measure, currency)
  • Value Help: field domain values, check table, elementary or complex search help
  • SU3 parameters (User SET/GET parameters)

Aurelia example:

<ui-input bind="DATA_GENERAL.DISTR_CHAN" shlp.bind="{type: 'SH', id: 'CSH_TVTW'}"
    data-abap.bind="{type:'CHAR', mid:'VTW', length:'2'}"
    label="Distribution Channel">
</ui-input>

<ui-checkbox value.bind="DATA_SPECIFIC.READ_CUREF" label="Referenced Configuration"></ui-checkbox>

<ui-date date.bind="DATA_FLEET.EXPIRY_DATE" label="Validity end date"></ui-date>

<ui-combo bind="DATA_GENERAL.COSTCENTER" shlp.bind="{type: 'CT', id: 'CSKS'}"
    data-abap.bind="{type:'CHAR', alpha:'ALPHA', mid:'KOS', length:'10'}"
    label="Cost Center">
</ui-combo>

<ui-combo bind="INSPROVIDER_X.IV_DISPATCH" shlp.bind="{type: 'FV', id: 'KUEVERS'}"
    data-abap.bind="{type:'CHAR', length:'1'}"
    label="IS-H: Send IV Request Only if Diagnosis Is Maintained">
</ui-combo>

Custom ui configurations

Using two configuration files, ABAP data types can be mapped to custom ui components, of practically any ui framework.

To modify existing ui configuration, first copy that configuration to local config folder:

abap cp ui5-react my-ui5

tree config
config
├── my-ui5-abap.yaml
└── my-ui5.yaml

The file with -abap suffix defines mapping of ABAP data types to ui components:

my-ui5-abap.yaml

# Date field (YYYYMMDD) stored as char(8)
DATS:
  type: string
  format: date
  tag: datepicker
  initial: >-
    ""
  comment: YYYYMMDD

ABAP DATS datatype is here mapped to datepicker ui component.

The ui component layout is defined in the ui config file without abap suffix:

my-ui5.yaml

datepicker: >-
  <FormItem label="~label">
      <DatePicker value={this.~bind}/>
  </FormItem>

You can edit both config files and use them with make command:

abap make my-ui5 -c my-api

Elements with tilde prefix ~ are placeholders for texts, data binding and value input helps, described in standard ui configuration yaml file.

Custom configuration with the same name as standard one, if present in local folder, is used instead of the standard configuration. To go back to standard, remove it from config folder or run:

abap rm my-ui5

i18n

Translations' texts are saved in texts.yaml, for the language used in get command:

abap get MME -c my-api # default lang = en

texts.yaml

en: City postal code
short:
  en:
    FIELDTEXT: City postal code
    REPTEXT: Postl Code
    SCRTEXT_L: Postal Code
    SCRTEXT_M: Postal Code
    SCRTEXT_S: Postl Code

Texts in additional languages are added using -t|--text-only option:

abap get MME -c my-api -t de

texts.yaml

de: Postleitzahl des Orts
en: City postal code
short:
  de:
    FIELDTEXT: Postleitzahl des Orts
    REPTEXT: PLZ
    SCRTEXT_L: Postleitzahl
    SCRTEXT_M: Postleitzahl
    SCRTEXT_S: PLZ
  en:
    FIELDTEXT: City postal code
    REPTEXT: Postl Code
    SCRTEXT_L: Postal Code
    SCRTEXT_M: Postal Code
    SCRTEXT_S: Postl Code

Integration

Integration api provides ABAP annotations, call templates and pre-fabricated ui components, for consumption by other tools, applications or SDKs:

Method Output Backend connection
call Call templates, annotations w/o Value Helps required
get Call templates, annotations required
make Call templates, ui components not required

Either the destination id or connection parameters can be used, with one or more RFM names.

Check usage examples in unit tests and reference results for data structures' details.

import { AbapCliApi, AbapCliResult, RfcConnectionParameters, AnnotationsType } from "abap-api-tools";

const cp: RfcConnectionParameters = {
  user: "demo",
  passwd: "welcome",
  ashost: "11.12.13.14",
  sysnr: "01",
  client: "321",
  lang: "de",
};

(async () => {
  let R:AbapCliResult;

  const api = new AbapCliApi();

  // Call templates, annotations w/o Value Helps
  R = await a.call("MME", "stfc_connection");

  // Call templates and annotations
  R = await a.get({connectionParameters: cp}, ["stfc_connection", "stfc_structure"]);

  // Call templates and ui components, using standard ui configuration
  R = await a.make(R.annotations as AnnotationsType, "fudamental-ngx");

  // the same, using custom ui configuration
  const customUi = loadFromFile("ui5-custom.yaml");
  const customAbap = loadFromFile("ui5-custom-abap.yaml");
  R = await a..make(annotations, {
      ui: customUi,
      abap: customAbap, // optional
    });

})();

Known Issues

Click here to view the current issues.

Getting Support

If you encounter an issue, you can create a ticket.

Contributing

If you want to contribute, please check the CONTRIBUTING.md documentation for contribution guidelines.

License

Copyright (c) 2018 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. This file is licensed under the Apache Software License, v. 2 except as noted otherwise in the LICENSE file.

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