@workos-inc/authkit-nextjs
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0.5.3 • Public • Published

AuthKit Next.js Library

The AuthKit library for Next.js provides convenient helpers for authentication and session management using WorkOS & AuthKit with Next.js.

Installation

Install the package with:

npm i @workos-inc/authkit-nextjs

or

yarn add @workos-inc/authkit-nextjs

Pre-flight

Make sure the following values are present in your .env.local environment variables file. The client ID and API key can be found in the WorkOS dashboard, and the redirect URI can also be configured there.

WORKOS_CLIENT_ID="client_..." # retrieved from the WorkOS dashboard
WORKOS_API_KEY="sk_test_..." # retrieved from the WorkOS dashboard
WORKOS_REDIRECT_URI="http://localhost:3000/callback" # configured in the WorkOS dashboard
WORKOS_COOKIE_PASSWORD="<your password>" # generate a secure password here

WORKOS_COOKIE_PASSWORD is the private key used to encrypt the session cookie. It has to be at least 32 characters long. You can use the 1Password generator or the openssl library to generate a strong password via the command line:

openssl rand -base64 24

To use the signOut method, you'll need to set your app's homepage in your WorkOS dashboard settings under "Redirects".

Setup

Callback route

WorkOS requires that you have a callback URL to redirect users back to after they've authenticated. In your Next.js app, expose an API route and add the following.

import { handleAuth } from '@workos-inc/authkit-nextjs';

export const GET = handleAuth();

Make sure this route matches the WORKOS_REDIRECT_URI variable and the configured redirect URI in your WorkOS dashboard. For instance if your redirect URI is http://localhost:3000/auth/callback then you'd put the above code in /app/auth/callback/route.ts.

You can also control the pathname the user will be sent to after signing-in by passing a returnPathname option to handleAuth like so:

export const GET = handleAuth({ returnPathname: '/dashboard' });

Middleware

This library relies on Next.js middleware to provide session management for routes. Put the following in your middleware.ts file in the root of your project:

import { authkitMiddleware } from '@workos-inc/authkit-nextjs';

export default authkitMiddleware();

// Match against pages that require auth
// Leave this out if you want auth on every resource (including images, css etc.)
export const config = { matcher: ['/', '/admin'] };

Usage

Get the current user

For pages where you want to display a signed-in and signed-out view, use getUser to retrieve the user profile from WorkOS.

import Link from 'next/link';
import { getSignInUrl, getSignUpUrl, getUser, signOut } from '@workos-inc/authkit-nextjs';

export default async function HomePage() {
  // Retrieves the user from the session or returns `null` if no user is signed in
  const { user } = await getUser();

  if (!user) {
    // Get the URL to redirect the user to AuthKit to sign in
    const signInUrl = await getSignInUrl();

    // Get the URL to redirect the user to AuthKit to sign up
    const signUpUrl = await getSignUpUrl();

    return (
      <>
        <Link href={signInUrl}>Log in</Link>
        <Link href={signUpUrl}>Sign Up</Link>
      </>
    );
  }

  return (
    <form
      action={async () => {
        'use server';
        await signOut();
      }}
    >
      <p>Welcome back {user?.firstName && `, ${user?.firstName}`}</p>
      <button type="submit">Sign out</button>
    </form>
  );
}

Requiring auth

For pages where a signed-in user is mandatory, you can use the ensureSignedIn option:

const { user } = await getUser({ ensureSignedIn: true });

Enabling ensureSignedIn will redirect users to AuthKit if they attempt to access the page without being authenticated.

Middleware auth

The default behavior of this library is to request authentication via the getUser method on a per-page basis. There are some use cases where you don't want to call getUser (e.g. you don't need user data for your page) or if you'd prefer a "secure by default" approach where every route defined in your middleware matcher is protected unless specified otherwise. In those cases you can opt-in to use middleware auth instead:

import { authkitMiddleware } from '@workos-inc/authkit-nextjs';

export default authkitMiddleware({
  middlewareAuth: {
    enabled: true,
    unauthenticatedPaths: ['/', '/about'],
  },
});

// Match against pages that require auth
// Leave this out if you want auth on every resource (including images, css etc.)
export const config = { matcher: ['/', '/admin/:path*', '/about'] };

In the above example the /admin page will require a user to be signed in, whereas / and /about can be accessed without signing in.

unauthenticatedPaths uses the same glob logic as the Next.js matcher.

Signing out

Use the signOut method to sign out the current logged in user and redirect to your app's homepage. The homepage redirect is set in your WorkOS dashboard settings under "Redirect".

Visualizing an impersonation

Render the Impersonation component in your app so that it is clear when someone is impersonating a user. The component will display a frame with some information about the impersonated user, as well as a button to stop impersonating.

import { Impersonation } from '@workos-inc/authkit-nextjs';

export default function App() {
  return (
    <div>
      <Impersonation />
      {/* Your app content */}
    </div>
  );
}

Debugging

To enable debug logs, initialize the middleware with the debug flag enabled.

import { authkitMiddleware } from '@workos-inc/authkit-nextjs';

export default authkitMiddleware({ debug: true });

Troubleshooting

NEXT_REDIRECT error when using try/catch blocks

Wrapping a getUser({ ensureSignedIn: true }) call in a try/catch block will cause a NEXT_REDIRECT error. This is because getUser will attempt to redirect the user to AuthKit if no session is detected and redirects in Next must be called outside a try/catch.

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npm i @workos-inc/authkit-nextjs

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  • cameron-workos
  • oliver-workos
  • mthadley-workos
  • benoit-workos
  • mark-workos
  • grinich
  • npm-workos