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    @tunnckocore/execa npm version License Libera Manifesto

    Thin layer on top of execa that allows executing multiple commands in parallel or in sequence with control for concurrency

    Please consider following this project's author, Charlike Mike Reagent, and the project to show your ❤️ and support.

    Code style CircleCI linux build CodeCov coverage status Renovate App Status Make A Pull Request Time Since Last Commit

    If you have any how-to kind of questions, please read the Contributing Guide and Code of Conduct documents. For bugs reports and feature requests, please create an issue or ping @tunnckoCore at Twitter.

    Conventional Commits Minimum Required Nodejs NPM Downloads Monthly NPM Downloads Total Share Love Tweet Twitter

    Project is semantically versioned & automatically released from GitHub Actions with Lerna.

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    Topic Contact
    Any legal or licensing questions, like private or commerical use tunnckocore_legal
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    Table of Contents

    (TOC generated by verb using markdown-toc)


    This project requires Node.js >=10.13 (see Support & Release Policy). Install it using yarn or npm.
    We highly recommend to use Yarn when you think to contribute to this project.

    $ yarn add @tunnckocore/execa


    Generated using jest-runner-docs.


    Uses execa, { execaCommand } method. As stated there, think of it as mix of child_process's .execFile and .spawn. It is pretty similar to the .shell method too, but only visually because it does not uses the system's shell, meaning it does not have access to the system's environment variables. You also can control concurrency by passing options.concurrency option. For example, pass concurrency: 1 to run in series instead of in parallel which is the default behavior.


    function(cmds, options)


    • cmds {Array<string>} - a string or array of string commands to execute in parallel or series
    • [options] {object} - directly passed to execa and so to child_process
    • returns {Promise} - resolved or rejected promises

    It also can accept array of multiple strings of commands that will be executed in series or in parallel (default).


    import { exec } from '@tunnckocore/execa';
    // or
    // const { exec } = require('@tunnckocore/execa');
    async function main() {
    	await exec('echo "hello world"', { stdio: 'inherit' });
    	// executes in series (because `concurrency` option is set to `1`)
    	await exec(
    			'prettier-eslint --write foobar.js',
    			'eslint --format codeframe foobar.js --fix',
    		{ stdio: 'inherit', preferLocal: true, concurrency: 1 },


    Similar to exec, but also can access the system's environment variables from the command.


    function(cmds, options)


    • cmds {Array<string>} - a commands to execute in parallel or series
    • options {object} - directly passed to execa
    • returns {Promise} - resolved or rejected promises


    import { shell } from '@tunnckocore/execa';
    // or
    // const { shell } = require('@tunnckocore/execa');
    async function main() {
    	// executes in series
    	await shell(['echo unicorns', 'echo "foo-$HOME-bar"', 'echo dragons'], {
    		stdio: 'inherit',
    	// exits with code 3
    	try {
    		await shell(['exit 3', 'echo nah']);
    	} catch (er) {
    		// => {
    		//  message: 'Command failed: /bin/sh -c exit 3'
    		//  killed: false,
    		//  code: 3,
    		//  signal: null,
    		//  cmd: '/bin/sh -c exit 3',
    		//  stdout: '',
    		//  stderr: '',
    		//  timedOut: false
    		// }


    All execa named exports, see its documentation. Think of this as a mix of child_process.execFile() and child_process.spawn().


    function(file, args, options)


    • file {string} - executable to run
    • args {Array<string>} - arguments / flags to be passed to file
    • options {object} - optional options, passed to child_process's methods


    import { execa, execaCommand, execaNode } from '@tunnckocore/execa';
    // or
    // const { execa } = require('@tunnckocore/execa');
    async function main() {
    	await execa('npm', ['install', '--save-dev', 'react'], { stdio: 'inherit' });

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    Guides and Community

    Please read the Contributing Guide and Code of Conduct documents for advices.

    For bug reports and feature requests, please join our community forum and open a thread there with prefixing the title of the thread with the name of the project if there's no separate channel for it.

    Consider reading the Support and Release Policy guide if you are interested in what are the supported Node.js versions and how we proceed. In short, we support latest two even-numbered Node.js release lines.

    Support the project

    Become a Partner or Sponsor? 💵 Check the OpenSource Commision (tier). 🎉 You can get your company logo, link & name on this file. It's also rendered on package's page in and sites too! 🚀

    Not financial support? Okey! Pull requests, stars and all kind of contributions are always welcome.


    This project follows the all-contributors specification. Contributions of any kind are welcome!

    Thanks goes to these wonderful people (emoji key), consider showing your support to them:

    Charlike Mike Reagent

    🚇 💻 📖 🤔 🚧 ⚠️

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    Copyright (c) 2017-present, Charlike Mike Reagent <> & contributors.
    Released under the MPL-2.0 License.


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