Now Printing Money

    @ts-std/extensions
    TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

    1.3.0 • Public • Published

    @ts-std/extensions

    A variety of extensions to native types. Heavily use Result and Maybe types from ts-std/monads.

    Array<T>

    Common types

    type Indexable = string | number | boolean
    type MapFunc<T, U> = (element: T, index: number, array: T[]) => U
    type Unzip<L extends any[]> = { [K in keyof L]: L[K][] }

    sum(this: number[]): number

    If you have a list of numbers, you can just call sum.

    [1, 1, 1].sum() === 3

    sum(this: T[], key: KeysOfType<T, number> | MapFunc<T, number>): number

    An array of any type can be summed if you provide a key or function that produces a number from that type.

    [{ a: 1 }, { a: 1 }, { a: 1 }].sum('a') == 3
    [{ a: { v: 1 } }, { a: { v: 1 } }, { a: { v: 1 } }].sum(o => o.a.v) == 3
    
    ['a', 'a', 'a'].sum(s => s.length) == 3

    filter_map<U>(fn: MapFunc<T, U | undefined>): U[]

    Basically a way of calling filter and map at the same time.

    const double_evens = number => number % 2 === 0 ? number * 2 : undefined
    [1, 2, 3, 4].filter_map(double_evens) === [4, 8]

    maybe_find(fn: MapFunc<T, boolean>): Maybe<T>

    find, but returns a Maybe instead of T | undefined, which means you can chain functions directly.

    const thing = [1, 2, 3, 4]
      .maybe_find(number => number > 4)
      .change(number => number * 2)
      .try_change(number => number % 3 == 0 ? Some(number) : number)
    
    thing === None

    index_by(arg: KeysOfType<T, Indexable> | MapFunc<T, Indexable>): { [key: string]: T }

    Create a dictionary from an array, by mapping each element to a key in the dictionary. Later will overwrite previous ones if they map to the same key.

    const a = [{ a: 1, b: true }, { a: 2, b: false }, { a: 3, b: true }].index_by('a')
    a === {
      1: { a: 1, b: true },
      2: { a: 2, b: false },
      3: { a: 3, b: true },
    }
    
    const b = ['a', 'ab', 'abc', 'b', 'bc'].index_by(str => str[0])
    b === {
      a: 'abc',
      b: 'bc',
    }

    unique_index_by(arg: KeysOfType<T, Indexable> | MapFunc<T, Indexable>): Result<{ [key: string]: T }, [string, T, T]>

    Attempts to create a dictionary from an array, by mapping each element to a key in the dictionary. If two elements map to the same key, this will return an Err showing the key that overlapped and the items that both created it.

    const ok = [{ name: 'alice', apples: 3 }, { name: 'bob', apples: 5 }, { name: 'cathy', apples: 2 }]
      .unique_index_by('name')
    
    ok === Ok({
      alice: { name: 'alice', apples: 3 },
      bob: { name: 'bob', apples: 5 },
      cathy: { name: 'cathy', apples: 2 },
    })
    
    const err = [{ name: 'alice', apples: 3 }, { name: 'bob', apples: 5 }, { name: 'cathy', apples: 2 }]
      .unique_index_by(user => user.apples % 2 === 0)
    
    err === Err(['false', { name: 'bob', apples: 5 }, { name: 'alice', apples: 3 }])

    entries_to_dict<T>(this: [string, T][]): Dict<T>

    Create a dictionary from an array of "entries" shaped tuples.

    const a = [['a', 1], ['b', 2], ['c', 3], ['a', 4]]
      .entries_to_dict()
    a === { a: 4, b: 2, c: 3 }

    unique_entries_to_dict<T>(this: [string, T][]): Result<Dict<T>, [string, T, T]>

    Attempts to create a dictionary from an array of "entries" shaped tuples. If two elements map to the same key, this will return an Err showing the key that overlapped and the items that both created it.

    const ok = [['a', true], ['b', false], ['c', true]]
      .unique_entries_to_dict('name')
    
    ok === Ok({ a: true, b: false, c: true })
    
    const err = [['a', 1], ['b', 2], ['c', 3], ['a', 4]]
      .unique_entries_to_dict()
    
    err === Err(['a', 1, 4])

    unzip<L extends any[]>(this: L[]): Maybe<Unzip<L>>

    Take an array of tuples and pull it apart into a tuple of arrays. Will return None if the array is empty, because the function can't know how many arrays to produce.

    [[1, 'a'], [2, 'b'], [3, 'c']].unzip() === Some([[1, 2, 3], ['a', 'b', 'c']])
    [].unzip() === None

    Array.zip_lenient<L extends any[]>(...arrays: Unzip<L>): L[]

    Takes many arrays and produces an array of tuples. If the arrays are different lengths, will just stop at the shortest one.

    Array.zip_lenient([1, 2, 3], ['a', 'b', 'c']) === [[1, 'a'], [2, 'b'], [3, 'c']]
    
    Array.zip_lenient([true, false], ['a', 'b', 'c']) === [[true, 'a'], [false, 'b']]

    Array.zip_equal<L extends any[]>(...arrays: Unzip<L>): Result<L[], [number, number]>

    Attempts to take many arrays and produce an array of tuples. If the arrays are different lengths, will return Err with the two differing lengths that were found.

    Array.zip_equal([1, 2, 3], ['a', 'b', 'c']) === Ok([[1, 'a'], [2, 'b'], [3, 'c']])
    
    Array.zip_equal([true, false], ['a', 'b', 'c']) === Err([2, 3])

    Promise<T>

    join<L extends any[]>(...args: PromiseTuple<L>): Promise<Unshift<T, L>>

    Joins promises together into a single promise of a tuple.

    const a = async () => 'a'
    const b = async () => 'b'
    const c = async () => 'c'
    await a().join(b(), c()) === ['a', 'b', 'c']

    use_maybe(): Promise<Maybe<T>>

    Makes the promise safe by catching with None.

    const good = async () => 'a'
    const bad = async () => { throw new Error('uh oh') }
    await good().use_maybe() === Some('a')
    await bad().use_maybe() === None

    use_result(): Promise<Result<T, Error>>

    Makes the promise safe by catching with Err.

    const good = async () => 'a'
    const bad = async () => { throw new Error('uh oh') }
    await good().use_result() === Ok('a')
    await bad().use_result() === Err(Error('uh oh'))

    Promise.join<L extends any[]>(...args: PromiseTuple<L>): Promise<L>

    A static counterpart to join. Joins promises together into a single promise of a tuple.

    const a = async () => 'a'
    const b = async () => 'b'
    const c = async () => 'c'
    await Promise.join(a(), b(), c()) === ['a', 'b', 'c']

    Promise.join_object<O extends { [key: string]: Promise<any> }>(obj: O): PromiseObject<O>

    Turns an object with promise attributes into a promise of an object.

    const a = async () => 'a'
    const b = async () => 'b'
    const c = async () => 'c'
    await Promise.join_object({
      a: a(),
      b: b(),
      c: c(),
    }) === { a: 'a', b: 'b', c: 'c' }

    Object

    Object.maybe_get<T>(obj: { [key: string]: T }, key: Indexable): Maybe<T>

    Get a value from a dictionary, but return a Maybe instead of T | undefined which means you can chain functions directly.

    const thing = Object.maybe_get({ a: 1, b: 2, c: 3 }, 'd')
      .change(number => number * 2)
      .try_change(number => number % 3 == 0 ? Some(number) : number)
    
    thing === None

    Keywords

    none

    Install

    npm i @ts-std/extensions

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    43

    Version

    1.3.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    46.6 kB

    Total Files

    23

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • blainehansen