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    1.5.0 • Public • Published client for Angular

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    Add this package to localize your Angular application.

    Use these official Angular localization syntaxes:

    Write only the source text, and keep it synchronized with your translators on interface


    Don't bother your translators with obscure .XLF files. Make them use our clean interface to translate complex singular and plurals strings:

    XLF files plural interface

    Need help?

    Table of contents

    Localization syntaxes

    Template & Components

    Mark text as being translatable by using the i18n attribute in your templates.


    <!-- Regular -->
    <h1 i18n>
      Text to be translated
    <!-- Variable interpolation -->
    <!-- Translators will see "Hi {name}" -->
    <p i18n>
      Hi {{ name }}
    <!-- Simple HTML tags -->
    <!-- Translators will see "Text with <1>HTML</1> tags" -->
    <p i18n>
      Text with <em>HTML</em> tags
    <!-- Complex HTML Tags -->
    <!-- Translators will see "Text with a <1>link</1>" -->
    <p i18n>
      Text with a
      <a href="" target="_blank">link</a>
    <!-- Translatable attribute -->
    <img [src]="cat.png" i18n-alt alt="Text to be translated" />
    <!-- Context -->
    <!-- Differentiate translations for the same source text -->
    <span i18n="meeting someone|">
    <span i18n="moment in time|">
    <!-- Comment -->
    <!-- Provide a plain-text description to the translators in the interface -->
    <span i18n="Big button at the bottom of the invoicing page">
      Send the invoice
    <!-- Context & Comment -->
    <span i18n="invoicing|Big button at the bottom of the invoicing page">
      Send the invoice


    The plural syntax is supported using the ICU MessageFormat. Multiple plural forms for each language are embedded into the same string, using a specific syntax with curly braces.

    These examples may seem easy for developers but are hard for translators to work with, without making any syntax mistake.

    That's why on, we made sure that translators will only be able to see the sentences to translate, and only the correct existing plural forms for their target language.

    <!-- Regular -->
    <p i18n>{count, plural,
      one   {You've got 1 message}
      other {You've got {{count}} messages}}
    <!-- Custom plural forms -->
    <p i18n>{count, plural,
      =0    {Your inbox is empty!}
      =42   {You've found the ultimate answer}
      one   {You've got 1 message}
      other {You've got {{count}} messages}}
    <!-- Variable interpolation -->
    <p i18n>{count, plural,
      one   {Hello {{name}}, you've got 1 message}
      other {Hello {{name}}, you've got {{count}} messages}}
    <!-- HTML tags -->
    <p i18n>{count, plural,
      one   {Hello {{name}}, you've got <strong>1</strong> message}
      other {Hello {{name}}, you've got <strong>{{count}}</strong> messages}}

    Note: English has only 2 plural forms (one and other), but other languages have more of them, from this list: zero, one, two, few, many, other.

    You can find the complete list of plural forms and plural rules here:


    Mark text as being translatable by using $localize and surrounding the text with backticks ( ` ).

    // Regular
    $localize `Text to be translated`;
    // Variable interpolation
    $localize `Hello ${name}`;
    // Context
    // Differentiate translations for the same source text
    $localize `:meeting someone|:Date`;
    $localize `:moment in time|:Date`;
    // Comment
    // Provide a plain-text description to the translators in the interface
    $localize `:Big button at the bottom of the invoicing page:Send the invoice`;
    // Context & Comment
    $localize `:invoicing|Big button at the bottom of the invoicing page:Send the invoice`;


    1. Check your Angular i18n configuration

    Make sure that you have Angular's localize package installed, or install it.

    ng add @angular/localize

    Configure the i18n options in your angular.json file.

    2. Install our package

    # NPM
    npm install @translation/angular
    # Yarn
    yarn add @translation/angular

    3. Add the following scripts

    Add these lines to your package.json to make your life easier:

      "scripts": {
        "extract": "ng extract-i18n --output-path=src/locale",
        "translation:init": "npm run extract && tio init",
        "translation:sync": "npm run extract && tio sync"

    Note: If you are using Angular version 10 or lower, replace extract-i18n by xi18n in the "extract" command.

    4. Create a new translation project

    Sign in to and create a new project, selecting the appropriate source and target locales.

    5. Configure your project

    Copy the generated tio.config.json file to the root of your application.

    The configuration file looks like this:

      "api_key": "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz123456",
      "source_locale": "en",
      "target_locales": ["fr", "it", "es"]

    6. Initialize your project

    Run the following command to push your source keys and existing translations to

    # NPM
    npm run translation:init
    # YARN
    yarn translation:init



    Push new translatable source keys/strings and get translations from with:

    # NPM
    npm run translation:sync
    # YARN
    yarn translation:sync

    Sync and Purge

    Remove unused source keys/strings from, using your current local application as reference, with:

    # NPM
    npm run translation:sync -- --purge
    # YARN
    yarn translation:sync -- --purge

    Warning: all source keys/strings that are not present in your current local branch will be permanently deleted from

    Manage Languages

    Add or Remove Language

    You can add or remove a locale by updating "target_locales": [] in your tio.config.json file, and syncing your project again.

    If you want to add a new locale with existing translations (for instance if you already have a translated XLF file in your project), you will need to create a new empty project on and init it for the first time again.

    Edit Language

    To edit existing locales while keeping their translations (e.g. changing from en to en-US):

    1. Create a new project on with the correct locales.
    2. Update the tio.config.json file with the new API key and correct locales.
    3. Adapt the locale codes in the XLF files' names.
    4. Initialize your new project and check that everything went fine.
    5. Invite your collaborators in the new project.
    6. Remove the old project.

    Since you created a new project, the translation history and tags will unfortunately be lost.

    Custom Languages

    Custom languages are convenient if you want to customize translations for a specific customer or another instance of your application.

    A custom language is always be derived from an existing language. Its structure should be like:


    where customText can only contain alphabetic characters and -.

    Examples: en-microsoft or fr-BE-custom.

    Continuous Integration

    If you want fresh translations in your Continuous Integration workflow, you may find yourself calling npm run translation:sync very frequently.

    Since this task can't be concurrently executed (we have a mutex strategy with a queue but it returns an error under heavy load), we implemented this threadsafe readonly task:

    # NPM
    npm run translation:sync -- --readonly
    # YARN
    yarn translation:sync -- --readonly

    This task will prevent your CI from failing and still provide new translations. But be aware that it won't send new keys from your code to so you still need to sync at some point during development.

    Advanced Configuration Options

    The tio.config.json file, at the root of your application, can take other optional configuration options.

    We always favor "convention over configuration", so we strongly recommend that you use the default paths and file names in your localization process, but you may specify custom source and target paths for your application if necessary.

    Source File Path

    You may specify a custom source locale path in your tio.config.json file if your source locale file (XLF) is not located in the default src/locale directory and/or is not named messages.xlf (default name):

      "source_file_path" : "src/translations/sources.xlf"

    Warning! The name of your source file should match the one generated by the extract script. Make sure to stay consistent in your package.json:

      "scripts": {
        "extract": "ng extract-i18n --output-path=src/translations  --out-file=sources.xlf"

    Target Files Path

    You may specify a custom path for the target locale files (XLF) if you need them to have a name other than the defaut messages.{lang}.xlf or to be located in a directory other than the default src/locale directory.

    Simply add the following line to your tio.config.json, but make sure that it contains the {lang} placeholder as such:

      "target_files_path": "src/translations/translations.{lang}.xlf"


      "target_files_path": "src/locale/{lang}/translations.xlf"


    If you need to use a proxy to connect to, add the following line to your tio.config.json file:

      "proxy": "http://login:pass@"

    Localization - Good Practices

    The "unicity" of a source key is determined by its source text and its context (if any). The comment plays no role in this unicity.

    If you use a meaning without a comment, make sure to add a pipe (|) after the meaning, otherwise it will be considered as a comment.

    Good use cases

      The context helps distinguish between two keys with the same source text
       => This will result in two distinct source keys
    <span i18n="Numbered day in a calendar|">Date</span>
    <span i18n="Social meeting with someone|">Date</span>
      Adding a comment after the context will be useful to translators
       => This will result in two distinct source keys
    <span i18n="Verb|Text on a button used to report a problem">Report</span>
    <span i18n="Noun|Title of the Report section in the app">Report</span>

    Bad use case

      Using only comments, without context (note the missing pipe | )
       => This will result in only one source key
    <span i18n="Label for the datepicker">Date</span>
    <span i18n="Type of event in a dropdown">Date</span>


    Run the specs with:



    npm run test

    Please note that GitHub Actions contains more specs including real synchronization tests between different versions of Angular projects and


    Please read the CONTRIBUTING file.

    List of clients for

    The following clients are officially supported by and are well documented.

    Some of these implementations (and other non-officially supported ones) were started by contributors for their own translation projects. We are thankful to all contributors for their hard work!

    Ruby on Rails (Ruby)

    Officially supported on

    Credits: @aurels, @michaelhoste

    Laravel (PHP)

    Officially supported on

    Credits: @armandsar, @michaelhoste

    React, React Native and JavaScript

    Officially supported on is directly integrated in the great Lingui internationalization project.


    Officially supported on

    Credits: @SimonCorellia, @didier-84, @michaelhoste


    If you want to create a new client for your favorite language or framework, please read our Create a Library guide and use the special init and sync endpoints.

    You can also use the more traditional API.

    Feel free to contact us on if you need some help or if you want to share your library.


    The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.


    npm i @translation/angular

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