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Translation.io client for Angular

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Add this package to localize your Angular application.

Use these official Angular localization syntaxes:

Write only the source text, and keep it synchronized with your translators on Translation.io.

Translation.io interface


Don't bother your translators with obscure .XLF files. Make them use our clean interface to translate complex singular and plurals strings:

XLF files plural interface

Need help? contact@translation.io

Table of contents

Localization syntaxes

Template & Components

Mark text as being translatable by using the i18n attribute in your templates.


<!-- Regular -->
<h1 i18n>
  Text to be translated

<!-- Variable interpolation -->
<!-- Translators will see "Hi {name}" -->
<p i18n>
  Hi {{ name }}

<!-- Simple HTML tags -->
<!-- Translators will see "Text with <1>HTML</1> tags" -->
<p i18n>
  Text with <em>HTML</em> tags

<!-- Complex HTML Tags -->
<!-- Translators will see "Text with a <1>link</1>" -->
<p i18n>
  Text with a
  <a href="https://google.com" target="_blank">link</a>

<!-- Translatable attribute -->
<img [src]="cat.png" i18n-alt alt="Text to be translated" />

<!-- Context -->
<!-- Differentiate translations for the same source text -->
<span i18n="meeting someone|">

<span i18n="moment in time|">

<!-- Comment -->
<!-- Provide a plain-text description to the translators in the interface -->
<span i18n="Big button at the bottom of the invoicing page">
  Send the invoice

<!-- Context & Comment -->
<span i18n="invoicing|Big button at the bottom of the invoicing page">
  Send the invoice


The plural syntax is supported using the ICU MessageFormat. Multiple plural forms for each language are embedded into the same string, using a specific syntax with curly braces.

These examples may seem easy for developers but are hard for translators to work with, without making any syntax mistake.

That's why on Translation.io, we made sure that translators will only be able to see the sentences to translate, and only the correct existing plural forms for their target language.

<!-- Regular -->
<p i18n>{count, plural,
  one   {You've got 1 message}
  other {You've got {{count}} messages}}

<!-- Custom plural forms -->
<p i18n>{count, plural,
  =0    {Your inbox is empty!}
  =42   {You've found the ultimate answer}
  one   {You've got 1 message}
  other {You've got {{count}} messages}}

<!-- Variable interpolation -->
<p i18n>{count, plural,
  one   {Hello {{name}}, you've got 1 message}
  other {Hello {{name}}, you've got {{count}} messages}}

<!-- HTML tags -->
<p i18n>{count, plural,
  one   {Hello {{name}}, you've got <strong>1</strong> message}
  other {Hello {{name}}, you've got <strong>{{count}}</strong> messages}}

Note: English has only 2 plural forms (one and other), but other languages have more of them, from this list: zero, one, two, few, many, other.

You can find the complete list of plural forms and plural rules here: https://translation.io/docs/languages_with_plural_cases


Mark text as being translatable by using $localize and surrounding the text with backticks ( ` ).

// Regular
$localize `Text to be translated`;

// Variable interpolation
$localize `Hello ${name}`;

// Context
// Differentiate translations for the same source text
$localize `:meeting someone|:Date`;
$localize `:moment in time|:Date`;

// Comment
// Provide a plain-text description to the translators in the interface
$localize `:Big button at the bottom of the invoicing page:Send the invoice`;

// Context & Comment
$localize `:invoicing|Big button at the bottom of the invoicing page:Send the invoice`;


1. Check your Angular i18n configuration

Make sure that you have Angular's localize package installed, or install it.

ng add @angular/localize

Configure the i18n options in your angular.json file.

2. Install our package

npm install @translation/angular

# Yarn
yarn add @translation/angular

3. Add the following scripts

Add these lines to your package.json to make your life easier:

  "scripts": {
    "extract": "ng extract-i18n --output-path=src/locale",
    "translation:init": "npm run extract && tio init",
    "translation:sync": "npm run extract && tio sync"

Note: If you are using Angular version 10 or lower, replace extract-i18n by xi18n in the "extract" command.

4. Create a new translation project

Sign in to Translation.io and create a new project, selecting the appropriate source and target locales.

5. Configure your project

Copy the generated tio.config.json file to the root of your application.

The configuration file looks like this:

  "api_key": "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz123456",
  "source_locale": "en",
  "target_locales": ["fr", "it", "es"]

6. Initialize your project

Run the following command to push your source keys and existing translations to Translation.io

npm run translation:init

yarn translation:init



Push new translatable source keys/strings and get translations from Translation.io with:

npm run translation:sync

yarn translation:sync

Sync and Purge

Remove unused source keys/strings from Translation.io, using your current local application as reference, with:

npm run translation:sync -- --purge

yarn translation:sync -- --purge

Warning: all source keys/strings that are not present in your current local branch will be permanently deleted from Translation.io.

Manage Languages

Add or Remove Language

You can add or remove a locale by updating "target_locales": [] in your tio.config.json file, and syncing your project again.

If you want to add a new locale with existing translations (for instance if you already have a translated XLF file in your project), you will need to create a new empty project on Translation.io and init it for the first time again.

Edit Language

To edit existing locales while keeping their translations (e.g. changing from en to en-US):

  1. Create a new project on Translation.io with the correct locales.
  2. Update the tio.config.json file with the new API key and correct locales.
  3. Adapt the locale codes in the XLF files' names.
  4. Initialize your new project and check that everything went fine.
  5. Invite your collaborators in the new project.
  6. Remove the old project.

Since you created a new project, the translation history and tags will unfortunately be lost.

Custom Languages

Custom languages are convenient if you want to customize translations for a specific customer or another instance of your application.

A custom language is always be derived from an existing language. Its structure should be like:


where customText can only contain alphabetic characters and -.

Examples: en-microsoft or fr-BE-custom.

Continuous Integration

If you want fresh translations in your Continuous Integration workflow, you may find yourself calling npm run translation:sync very frequently.

Since this task can't be concurrently executed (we have a mutex strategy with a queue but it returns an error under heavy load), we implemented this threadsafe readonly task:

npm run translation:sync -- --readonly

yarn translation:sync -- --readonly

This task will prevent your CI from failing and still provide new translations. But be aware that it won't send new keys from your code to Translation.io so you still need to sync at some point during development.

Advanced Configuration Options

The tio.config.json file, at the root of your application, can take other optional configuration options.

We always favor "convention over configuration", so we strongly recommend that you use the default paths and file names in your localization process, but you may specify custom source and target paths for your application if necessary.

Source File Path

You may specify a custom source locale path in your tio.config.json file if your source locale file (XLF) is not located in the default src/locale directory and/or is not named messages.xlf (default name):

  "source_file_path" : "src/translations/sources.xlf"

Warning! The name of your source file should match the one generated by the extract script. Make sure to stay consistent in your package.json:

  "scripts": {
    "extract": "ng extract-i18n --output-path=src/translations  --out-file=sources.xlf"

Target Files Path

You may specify a custom path for the target locale files (XLF) if you need them to have a name other than the defaut messages.{lang}.xlf or to be located in a directory other than the default src/locale directory.

Simply add the following line to your tio.config.json, but make sure that it contains the {lang} placeholder as such:

  "target_files_path": "src/translations/translations.{lang}.xlf"


  "target_files_path": "src/locale/{lang}/translations.xlf"


If you need to use a proxy to connect to Translation.io, add the following line to your tio.config.json file:

  "proxy": "http://login:pass@"

Localization - Good Practices

The "unicity" of a source key is determined by its source text and its context (if any). The comment plays no role in this unicity.

If you use a meaning without a comment, make sure to add a pipe (|) after the meaning, otherwise it will be considered as a comment.

Good use cases

  The context helps distinguish between two keys with the same source text
   => This will result in two distinct source keys
<span i18n="Numbered day in a calendar|">Date</span>
<span i18n="Social meeting with someone|">Date</span>

  Adding a comment after the context will be useful to translators
   => This will result in two distinct source keys
<span i18n="Verb|Text on a button used to report a problem">Report</span>
<span i18n="Noun|Title of the Report section in the app">Report</span>

Bad use case

  Using only comments, without context (note the missing pipe | )
   => This will result in only one source key
<span i18n="Label for the datepicker">Date</span>
<span i18n="Type of event in a dropdown">Date</span>


Run the specs with:



npm run test

Please note that GitHub Actions contains more specs including real synchronization tests between different versions of Angular projects and Translation.io.


Please read the CONTRIBUTING file.

List of clients for Translation.io

The following clients are officially supported by Translation.io and are well documented.

Some of these implementations (and other non-officially supported ones) were started by contributors for their own translation projects. We are thankful to all contributors for their hard work!

Ruby on Rails (Ruby)

Officially supported on https://translation.io/rails

Credits: @aurels, @michaelhoste

Laravel (PHP)

Officially supported on https://translation.io/laravel

Credits: @armandsar, @michaelhoste

React, React Native and JavaScript

Officially supported on https://translation.io/lingui

Translation.io is directly integrated in the great Lingui internationalization project.


Officially supported on https://translation.io/angular

Credits: @SimonCorellia, @didier-84, @michaelhoste


If you want to create a new client for your favorite language or framework, please read our Create a Translation.io Library guide and use the special init and sync endpoints.

You can also use the more traditional API.

Feel free to contact us on contact@translation.io if you need some help or if you want to share your library.


The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.

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