2.0.0 • Public • Published


The timings middleware provides an interface for building a "Server-Timing" header, which can be used to communicate durations local to the server to a browser when responding to a request (for example, timing making database queries etc.) Browsers render this information in the devtools network panel. See: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Headers/Server-Timing


import { createServer } from 'http';
import { setTimeout } from 'timers/promises';
import Toisu from '@toisu/toisu';
import makeTimings from '@toisu/timings';

const app = new Toisu();

// Serve the "public" directory (relative to the app root).
app.use(async function (req, res) {
  const delay = Math.random() * 1000;
  await setTimeout(delay);
  this.timing({ name: 'delay', description: 'a random delay', duration: delay });



Place app.use(makeTimings()); early in the set of middlewares your application uses. Any subsequent middlewares will have access to the this.timing function.


Since timing is appended to the toisu request-response context, middlewares which use it must be plain synchronous or asynchronous functions. In other words, you must not use an arrow function.

this.timing is a function which takes an object with the fields:

field required description
name true The name of the metric.
description false An optional string to describe the metric. Should be short!
duration false An optional number of milliseconds.


The (optional) description field can be any "quoted-string". However, since the server-timing spec encourages short descriptions (or none at all), the characters in the description are limited to ascii word characters, the ascii space character, and horizontal tabs. Other characters are filtered out.

Server timing header values could be collected into a comma separated list. In order to avoid complexity and headers too long for proxy servers to handle, each timing is sent in its own header by this library.

The server-timings spec allows timings to be appended to the end of a response as trailing headers. This package does not support trailing headers, but since timings can be added in any middleware it's anticipated that they'll rarely be needed. One case in which they might be is when a body is streamed.

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  • qubyte