Nine Pomeranian Monsters


    0.13.3 • Public • Published

    REUSE status

    Splash: Prerendered teletext page

    This package renders teletext pages using vector graphics (SVG). Note this is just the display part of teletext, and operates as a screen or a dumb terminal. The application using this package will need to supply the page content, implement page numbers, navigation, etc. The package provides an API to set page content and change the display characteristics such as the screen height and aspect ratio.

    This supports all of level 1 and level 1.5, and a little of level 2.5. A full list follows. Display rendering features include changing the text font (including proportional fonts), aspect ratio and screen height. Mosaic graphics can be rendered with a font or using SVG graphics.

    Extensions are supported via plugins.

    See also: @techandsoftware/teletext-service, a higher level module with page numbers, subpage and colour button navigation.

    Teletext features supported

    • Level 1
      • Screen size of 40 x 25 characters
      • 6 colour foreground text or mosaic characters (also called semigraphics or sextets)
      • 7 colour background
      • Text displayed using the G0 character sets
      • 20 G0 character sets are available, with up to 96 characters per set. Supports Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew and Arabic scripts
      • Primary and secondary G0 sets selectable and switchable
      • Mosaics are contiguous or separated
      • Double height, flashing, concealed, boxed characters
      • Held mosaic characters, to replace the display of a spacing attributes with the last held graphic
      • Newsflash page display mode
      • Mix display mode, which isn't part of the teletext spec but is normal on TVs
    • Level 1.5
      • Black foreground text or mosaic (this is level 2.5 in the teletext spec but included here at 1.5 as with some TVs)
      • G2 character set selectable from 4 available sets (Latin, Greek, Cyrillic and Arabic)
      • Add enhancements to the base page at (row, col) locations:
        • Place characters from the G0 sets
        • Place diacritical marks on characters from the G0 sets
        • Place characters from the G2 sets
        • Place @ symbol (it isn't in most G0 sets or the G2 sets)
        • 4 characters from the G3 character set placeable
    • Level 2.5
      • Double width and double size characters
      • Add enhancements to base page at (row, col) locations:
        • Place characters from the G1 set (block mosaics)
        • Place characters from the G3 set (smooth mosaics and line drawing)

    Additional features:

    • Chromecast support via the @techandsoftware/teletext-caster npm package
    • API to fill the screen
    • Screen drawn with SVG graphics. The SVG is exportable for display in any SVG viewer
    • The API supports setting the font for text, change height and aspect ratio, switch teletext levels, set on-screen grid
    • Use characters or SVG shapes for rendering mosaics
    • Plugin architecture. Plugins can supplement or overwrite the rendering



    For a live demo, see

    See the demo directory in the repo for examples of using with an ES6 module import or a UMD import.


    The project is licensed under GNU Affero General Public License 3 (AGPL-3.0-only), or under a commercial software license ( if you have paid a licensing fee to Tech and Software Ltd. If you combine your own software with this package and distribute publically (whether via network access or not), the AGPL requires that your software is covered by AGPL; the commercial license does not have that requirement. In order to pay the fee for the commercial license, contact for enquiries. The text of the licenses is in the LICENSES directory.

    The fonts supplied in the demo/fonts directory have their own licenses. See the *.license files in that directory.

    This package is compliant with REUSE 3.


    For browsers


    <div id="teletextscreen"></div>
    <script type="module">
      import { Teletext } from '';
      const teletext = Teletext();
      teletext.setRow(0, 'Hello world!');

    If you want to use npm to install instead of jsdelivr:

    1. Install dependency:

    npm install @techandsoftware/teletext

    1. In your HTML, include the following to use an an ES6 module:
    <div id="teletextscreen"></div>
    <script type="module">
      import { Teletext } from './node_modules/@techandsoftware/teletext/dist/teletext.min.js';
      // Or if you import the npm module directly, use the following import instead of the one above. (You will also need tooling to resolve the module for the browser, like @rollup/plugin-node-resolve)
      // import { Teletext } from '@techandsoftware/teletext';
      const teletext = Teletext();
      teletext.setRow(0, 'Hello world!');

    This creates an SVG object in the #teletextscreen div which contains the teletext display.

    Alternatively, for browsers that don't support ES6 module imports, you can use the UMD module. The exports are exported to the ttx global, so you need to prefix Teletext and the other exports with that. The syntax in the Javascript is likely to be too new so you will also need to arrange transpiling to your target browser.

    <div id="teletextscreen"></div>
    <script src="./node_modules/@techandsoftware/teletext/dist/teletext.umd.min.js"></script>
      const teletext = ttx.Teletext();

    For nodejs

    Your code needs to pass in a document object model window to the Teletext() function.

    1. Install dependencies:

    npm install @techandsoftware/teletext jsdom

    1. Example code if using ECMAScript modules (requires node >= 16)
    import { Teletext } from '@techandsoftware/teletext';
    import { JSDOM } from 'jsdom';
    const dom = new JSDOM('<div id="teletextscreen"></div>');
    const teletext = Teletext({
        dom: dom.window
    teletext.setRow(0, 'Hello from node');
    const svg = dom.window.document.querySelector('#teletextscreen').innerHTML;

    If using CommonJS, use require statements:

    const { Teletext } = require('@techandsoftware/teletext');
    const { JSDOM } = require('jsdom');

    Overview of character sets

    At level 1, there are two character sets on a page: G0 and G1. From level 1.5, two more are available: G2 and G3. Each set is 7 bit, with up to 96 characters with codes 0x20 to 0x7f. A description of each set follows, where the 'base page' refers to the normal grid of 40 x 25 characters, and 'enhancements' refer to writing characters at specific rows and cols on top of the base page. In this module, enhancements can be written at all levels, but are only displayed at level 1.5 and above.


    • Used on base page for the text
    • 20 character sets available. See the API docs below for the list. None of these are ASCII, but g0_latin is close.
    • At level 1, a primary set is selectable from the available sets
    • At level 1.5, primary and secondary G0 set can be selected and used simultaneously
    • At level 1.5, can be placed using enhancements
    • At level 1.5, diacritics can be placed atop G0 characters as enhancements, from 15 available diacritical marks
    • Use: loadPageFromEncodedString(), setRows(), setRow(), setPageFromOutputLines(), setRowFromOutputLine() to write G0 characters to the base page, with attribute characters to switch between G0 and G1. enhance().putG0() writes enhancements with or without diacritics. setDefaultG0Charset() and setSecondG0Charset() select the G0 sets in use. Attributes.ESC switches between the primary and secondary sets, if setSecondG0Charset() was called.

    G1 "Block Mosaic set"

    • Used on base page for block mosaic graphics. (Unicode refers to these as sextets; Wikipedia as semigraphics)
    • Mosaic characters are at codes 0x20 to 0x3f and 0x60 to 0x7f. Characters 0x40 to 0x5f in G1 instead show the corresponding characters in the G0 set that's currently selected
    • At level 2.5, can be placed using enhancements
    • Use: loadPageFromEncodedString(), setRows(), setRow(), setPageFromOutputLines(), setRowFromOutputLine() write G1 characters to the base page, with attribute characters to switch between G0 and G1. enhance().putG1() writes enhancements.

    G2 "Supplementary Sets"

    • At level 1.5, placed using enhancements. Not available for use on the base page.
    • 4 sets available. See the API docs below for the list.
    • Use: enhance().putG2() writes enhancements. setDefaultG0Charset() sets the G2 set corresponding with the selected G0 set. setG2Charset() sets the G2 set independently of the G0 set.

    G3 "Smooth Mosaics and Line Drawing Set"

    • At level 1.5, placed using enhancements. Not available for use on the base page.
      • At level 1.5, four characters are placeable
      • At level 2.5, entire set is placeable
    • Use: enhance().putG3() writes enhancements

    Other notes

    The @ character is missing from most G0 and G2 sets. At level 1.5, it can be placed as an enhancement. Use: enhance().putAt()

    The teletext spec also mentions that G2 is not defined at level 1.5, and it's up to a local code of practice to define G2 based on the country's requirements. As the spec doesn't include any of these localised G2 sets, they're not included here.



    Returns the teletext instance with the API functions below.

    The options parameter object is optional, with properties:

    • webkitCompat: boolean (optional)
      • true (default) - the generated SVG is compatible with Safari/Webkit browsers (all browsers on iOS), but it's bigger
      • false - uses SVG2 features which work in most browsers but not Safari or any browser on iOS, as they fail to render the graphics properly unless you use setView to switch the view to classic__font-for-mosaic (documented below)
    • dom: object (optional)
      • if running in nodejs you need to pass in a window dom object. See the example above

    Call the following methods on the teletext instance to draw on the screen and control the rendering.


    selector is a DOM selector string, e.g. #teletextscreen to match a <div id="teletextscreen"></div> element.

    This adds a teletext screen to the DOM element referred to by the selector, which will create an inline SVG document to render the screen. If you want to export a snapshot of the SVG, you can access it with document.querySelector(selector).innerHTML

    setDefaultG0Charset(charset, withUpdate)

    Sets the default G0 character set, and the G2 set with the script matching the G0 set. The character set applies until the function is called again. The default G0 set is g0_latin, which is similar to ASCII (it has ¤ instead of $ and instead of the delete control code). The suffix on the g0_latin character set names below correspond to the national option selections defined in ETSI EN 300 706, which modify certain characters from the g0_latin set.

    charset is a string corresponding to one of these:

    • g0_latin
    • g0_latin__czech_slovak
    • g0_latin__english
    • g0_latin__estonian
    • g0_latin__french
    • g0_latin__german
    • g0_latin__italian
    • g0_latin__latvian_lithuanian
    • g0_latin__polish
    • g0_latin__portuguese_spanish
    • g0_latin__romanian
    • g0_latin__serbian_croatian_slovenian
    • g0_latin__swedish_finnish_hungarian
    • g0_latin__turkish
    • g0_greek
    • g0_cyrillic__russian_bulgarian
    • g0_cyrillic__serbian_croatian
    • g0_cyrillic__ukranian
    • g0_arabic
    • g0_hebrew

    withUpdate is an optional boolean. When true the display is updated immediately. Defaults to false.

    There are four G2 sets available. The G2 set which is selected has the same script passed in as the charset (for example, if charset is g0_greek then G2 is set to g2_greek.) Hebrew doesn't have a corresponding G2 set, and G2 is set to g2_arabic.

    For reference, the code charts are on Wikipedia, however the character codepoints there don't necessarily match the tables in this codebase (see src/data/characterEncodings.json). The control codes for characters 0 to 1f are used for attributes - see the Attributes section below.

    setSecondG0Charset(charset, withUpdate)

    Sets the second G0 character set. This is used with Attributes.ESC (character code 1b) to switch between the default G0 character set and the second G0 character set. The parameters are the same as for setDefaultG0Charset. There is no change to the G2 set.

    setG2Charset(charset, withUpdate)

    Sets the G2 character set. This can be called to override the G2 set that was selected if setDefaultG0Charset() was called. The G2 set applies until the function is called again or if setDefaultG0Charset() is called.

    charset is a string corresponding to one of these:

    • g2_latin
    • g2_greek
    • g2_cyrillic
    • g2_arabic

    withUpdate is an optional boolean. When true the display is updated immediately. Defaults to false.


    Display the content in the strings. Array of up to 25 elements. Each element is a string up to 40 characters. This is used to set the contents of the whole screen.

    Display attributes such as text or graphic colour, flashing and other features are set with control codes defined by ETSI EN 300 706. These can be embedded directly in the strings or are exposed via an Attributes class to generate them. See the section below.

    setRow(rowNum, string)

    Display the string on the row number. rowNum is between 0 and 24. The string is up to 40 characters. Display attributes in the string can be used - see the section below.

    loadPageFromEncodedString(base64input, header)

    Displays a page from the base64input. The input is a base64-encoded string of 7-bit characters for the 25 rows x 40 characters concatenated together. The encoded string uses the character repertoire defined in the base64url encoding. This format is taken from the URL hash fragment format used by Simon Rawles' online teletext editor. See further details here:

    header is optional. When supplied, it replaces row 0 on the displayed page. It's a string of 32 characters. It can use the Output Line format but without the initial OL,rowNum,. See setPageFromOutputLines for the format.

    setRowFromOutputLine(rowNum, string)

    This is a wrapper around setRow which accepts the Output Line format used in .tti files, but without the initial OL,rowNum, at the beginning. It displays the string on the row number after decoding the Output Line. See setPageFromOutputLines for the format. rowNum is between 0 and 24.

    setPageFromOutputLines([lines], header)

    This is a wrapper around setPageRows which accepts strings in the Output Line format used in MRG's .tti files. The lines are displayed after being decoded. lines is an array with up to 25 elements in this format:


    In this:

    • rowNum is between 0 and 24
    • line is the string to display. Attribute characters (character codes less than 0x20) are represented in three ways: 1) As they are with no translation, or 2) They have 0x80 added to translate them to characters with codes 128-159, or 3) they are replaced by escape (character 0x1b) then the character with 0x40 added.

    header is optional. When present, it's a string of 32 characters, which have the same encoding as the Output Lines but without the initial OL,rowNum, . This is used as the header row and is used instead of Output Line 0 in the provided lines. When not provided, the row 0 in the lines is used if there is one.


    Clears the screen. withUpdate is an optional boolean, default is true. When true, the page is cleared immediately. When false the page model is cleared but the display is not updated. In that case, the screen is cleared the next time you call a function which updates the display, such as setPageRows.


    Removes the teletext display from the DOM.


    3 test pages are built-in. This displays a test page, rotating between the 3 every time this is called. The test pages were kindly supplied by


    Show or a hide a grid. The grid shows the rows and cells.


    Randomises the display data. This doesn't have a practical use but emulates a dodgy TV signal and creates a nice mash of display attributes.


    value is a number or the string natural.

    Set the aspect ratio of the display. The page height is kept and the width adjusted. The display's default aspect ratio is 1.2 to match typical teletext displays. The special value of natural removes pixel distortion - so the pixels are square - but the page looks squashed.


    Sets the screen height to the number of pixels you passed in. The aspect ratio is maintained. You could set the screen to fill the available window height using document.documentElement.clientHeight as the value.


    Sets the text font. font is a string, which can be a string corresponding to a CSS font family or a couple of special values.

    Special values are:

    • native - uses the native font specific to your operating system. The actual font used depends on your system. Sourced from bootstrap 4's native font stack.
    • default - uses the generic font family sans-serif

    Bedstead and Unscii are retro fonts you might want to use in your app if that's the look you want. You can get them with npm install @techandsoftware/teletext-fonts . For Bedstead and Unscii to work correctly, you need to put them in a fonts subdirectory relative to the page containing the teletext display div

    • Bedstead - a font emulating the mode 7 character generator on a BBC Micro, by bjh21.
    • Unscii - a blocky retro-computing font by Viznut.

    Normal values for font include serif, sans-serif, monospace and specific font family names of the sort you'd use in a CSS stylesheet, which might be browser- or OS-specific. Your containing HTML page can supply its own font family (using Google Fonts, for example) and then refer to it here. Even though the teletext layout is grid-based, you can use a proportional font and the grid is maintained.

    If g0_arabic was set as the character set, the characters are rendered differently so that they're cursive. Whether this works correctly depends on your font.


    view is a string with one of these values:

    • classic__font-for-mosaic - render mosaic graphics using a font
    • classic__graphic-for-mosaic - render mosaic graphics using SVG shapes. This is the default view.

    When using classic__font-for-mosaic, the contiguous mosaic characters use codepoints defined in Unicode Symbols for Legacy Computing. The separated mosaic characters use private use codepoints because the separated mosaics are missing from Unicode's legacy computing block. The mosaic characters use the Unscii font. For this to work, you need to supply Unscii in a fonts subdirectory relative to the page containing the teletext display div. Unscii is available with npm install @techandsoftware/teletext-fonts or downloadable from .

    Using the font will result in a smaller SVG. If you export the SVG from the DOM then you will need to ensure the Unscii font is available so that the SVG can be viewed properly in isolation. Because of issues with getting the edges of the mosaics to join up without gaps, the font size is slightly bigger than it should be. Using SVG graphics for the mosaics is more portable, and the mosaics are more precisely positioned.


    Returns an enhancement instance. This is used to overwrite characters on top of the base page. It can be used to write diactitics on G0 characters, and also gives access to characters from the G2 and G3 character sets. Enhancements aren't displayed at Level 0 or Level 1; you need to call setLevel() with Level[1.5] or Level[2.5]. The enhancement instance provides the methods below to write the enhancements. The enhancements are cleared with a call to setPageRows(), setPageFromOutputLines(), loadPageFromEncodedString(), clearScreen() or showTestPage().

    The position is a bit like a cursor and analogous to the Active Position in the teletext spec. Call pos() to update it, and subsequent calls apply to that position. Characters are not displayed until end() is called on the enhancement instance. The methods can be chained together, for example enhance().pos(2, 5).putG0('e', 2).end() .

    The methods are:

    pos(col, row)

    Updates the position to the col and row. The position is only updated when this function is called. The initial position is 0, 0.

    putG0(char, diacriticCode)

    Requires level 1.5 or 2.5. Writes a character from the current G0 set at the position.

    char is a character with a code between 0x20 and 0x7f.

    diacriticCode is optional, and is a number between 0 and 15. If it's not provided or if its value is 0, the char is written without a diacritic. Values 1 to 15 correspond to the diacritics in column 4 of the g2_latin set, which are:

    diacriticCode diacritic
    1 ◌̀
    2 ◌́
    3 ◌̂
    4 ◌̃
    5 ◌̄
    6 ◌̆
    7 ◌̇
    8 ◌̈
    9 ◌̣
    10 ◌̊
    11 ◌̧
    12 ◌̲
    13 ◌̋
    14 ◌̨
    15 ◌̌


    Requires level 2.5. Writes a block mosaic character from the G1 set at the position.

    char is a character with a code between 0x20 to 0x3f or 0x60 to 0x7f. Character codes 0x40 to 0x5f have no effect.


    Requires level 1.5 or 2.5. Writes a character from the current G2 set at the position.

    char is a character with a code between 0x20 and 0x7f.


    Requires level 1.5 or 2.5. Writes a smooth mosaic or line drawing character from the G3 set at the position. Level 1.5 supports 4 characters. Level 2.5 supports the entire set.

    char is a character with a code between 0x20 and 0x7d. At level 1.5, only characters 51, 5b, 5c and 5d are displayed.

    Character 5f isn't supported, which is intended to show the level 2.5 row background colour in the teletext spec.

    The G3 characters are written using the codepoints defined by Unicode for Symbols for Legacy Computing. You can use the Unscii font to display these correctly. Put Unscii in a fonts subdirectory relative to the page containing the teletext display div. Unscii is available with npm install @techandsoftware/teletext-fonts or downloadable from .


    Requires level 1.5 or 2.5. Writes a @ character at the position. This is needed because @ is missing from most G0 and G2 sets, and the teletext spec has special provision for it.


    Finish adding enhancements, and the display is updated.


    Sets the teletext level used to display the page. The value is a property on the Level object. Level is importable:

    import { Level } from '@techandsoftware/teletext'

    Values are Level[0], Level[1], Level[1.5], Level[2.5]. Level 0 isn't a real teletext level, but uses a subset of the spacing attributes roughly corresponding to Ceefax test pages from 1975 (no background colours, double height, reveal, boxed or held mosaic). Levels 1 to 2.5 are from the ETSI spec. The default is Level 1.


    Pass in a plugin class. The plugin can hook in and override parts of the page rendering using a plugin interface.


    Toggles reveal on or off to show or hide concealed characters. The initial state is to conceal, and the reveal state is reset to concealed on API calls which update the page, set the character set (when withUpdate is true) or set the level. See also the ttx.reveal event.


    Toggle mixed display mode on or off. See also the ttx.mix event.


    Toggles boxed display mode on or off. See also the ttx.subtitlemode event.


    Gets the raw bytes used in the page model. The response is a Uint8Array with 1000 elements. As each teletext byte is 7-bit, the element values will be between 0 and 127 inclusive.

    Event API

    Your application can dispatch these events as an alternative to using the teletext instance API.

    Event Use
    ttx.reveal toggles reveal. If the page contains concealed characters, then this shows or hides them. This is used for things like punchlines or quizzes. This corresponds to a 'reveal' button on a TV remote control. This has no effect if the page doesn't have any concealed characters. The initial state is to conceal, and the reveal state is reset to concealed on API calls which update the page, set the character set (when withUpdate is true) or set the level.
    ttx.mix toggles mix display mode. When mixed, the page background colours are hidden. In a real TV this would display the TV picture with text on top. For your app, it would display whatever you have positioned behind the screen or used as the html body background.
    ttx.subtitlemode toggles boxed display mode. A page can contain 'boxed' characters. When in boxed mode, the boxed characters display on top of the TV picture, which is used for subtitles or a newsflash page. Non-boxed characters are hidden. On a broadcast teletext service, the broadcaster decides whether the page is displayed in boxed mode or not. If the page doesn't contain any boxed characters, the page is blank, so that the screen shows the TV picture. For your app, the display shows whatever you have positioned behind the screen or used as the html body background.

    You can send an event like this in your application:

    window.dispatchEvent(new Event('ttx.reveal'));


    Control code characters set display attributes which control the text colour, double height, flashing etc. The default attributes at the beginning of a row are white text on a black background, single height, not flashing, not boxed, not concealed, no held mosaic. Graphics, when activated, default to contiguous. When an attribute is set it stays activated until the end of the row. An attribute takes up a space unless hold mosaics is active, in which case the held mosaic is used.

    To help with the codes, the Attributes and Colour objects can be used when composing strings for setPageRows() and setRow().

    import { Attributes, Colour } from '@techandsoftware/teletext';



    Sets text mode or graphic mode for the specified colour. colour is one of these:

    • Colour.RED
    • Colour.GREEN
    • Colour.YELLOW
    • Colour.BLUE
    • Colour.MAGENTA
    • Colour.CYAN
    • Colour.WHITE
    • Colour.BLACK - black was added in level 2.5, but is included here at level 1.5 and ignored at level 1

    Characters in the row after this attribute are processed depending on the text or graphics mode that has been set. For text mode, the characters are mapped according to the G0 character set. For graphics mode, characters draw block mosaics from the G1 character set if the character code is 20 to 3f or 60 to 7f; characters 40 to 5f show the character from the G0 set with the same code.


    Gets the code for an attribute. attribute is one of these:

    Attribute Use
    Attributes.NEW_BACKGROUND set the background colour to the current foreground colour
    Attributes.BLACK_BACKGROUND set the background colour to black
    Attributes.CONTIGUOUS_GRAPHIC set the mosaic graphics to contiguous blocks
    Attributes.SEPARATED_GRAPHIC set the mosaic graphics to separated blocks
    Attributes.FLASH activate flashing for text/mosaic
    Attributes.STEADY deactivate flashing for text/mosaic
    Attributes.NORMAL_SIZE set text/mosaic to normal height
    Attributes.DOUBLE_HEIGHT set text/mosaic to double height. The row below will be hidden. Background colours on this row will be extended to the row below. Single height characters on the top row stay single height but their background colour is still extended to the lower row
    Attributes.DOUBLE_WIDTH set text/mosaic to double width. Double width characters use two cells, and the character in the next cell is hidden. Requires Level 2.5 to be set
    Attributes.DOUBLE_SIZE set text/mosaic to double size. Double size characters use four cells. The row below is hidden as per double height, and the character in the cell after a double size character is hidden as per double width. Requires Level 2.5 to be set
    Attributes.CONCEAL text/mosaic characters show as spaces until reveal is pressed. For use with toggleReveal() / ttx.reveal. The concealed atttribute is active until the next colour attribute (or the end of the row)
    Attributes.HOLD_MOSAICS stores the last mosaic character seen on a row (going left to right) so that on the next spacing attribute the held mosaic is used instead of a space. A practical use is in a row of graphics, so that the colour could be changed without a space, with the space being filled in with the mosaic before the colour change. The held mosaic is reset to a space with a change of size or text/graphics mode
    Attributes.RELEASE_MOSAICS cancels held mosaic mode, so that attributes will show a space and not the held mosaic. The held mosaic isn't reset to a space
    Attributes.START_BOX starts boxed characters (used for subtitles, newsflash). Two adjacent start box characters need to be used, with the box starting between the two. For use with toggleBoxMode()
    Attributes.END_BOX ends boxed characters
    Attributes.ESC switch between the default G0 character set and the second G0 character set. This requires the second G0 character set to have been set with setSecondG0Charset. If this hasn't been set, the attribute has no effect

    As an example, to set red text on a yellow background, you will need:

    teletext.setPageRow(0, Attributes.charFromTextColour(Colour.YELLOW) +
        Attributes.charFromAttribute(Attributes.NEW_BACKGROUND) +
        Attributes.charFromTextColour(Colour.RED) + "Red on yellow");

    The attributes take up 3 spaces before the text.

    If you prefer to use the control codes directly, check the source of Attributes.js or the teletext spec to get the control code values. Double height, for instance, is code 13 (or d in hexadecimal), so you could use strings like "\x0d", "\u{d}", String.fromCharCode(13).


    These features of ETSI EN 300 706 aren't supported yet. I'm not sure how much is worth doing:

    At Level 2.5 or 3.5:

    • non-spacing attributes. The non-spacing attributes include underline, inverse, bold, italic, proportional text and extra flashing modes in addition to the normal level 1 attributes
    • 32 colours via 4 colour tables
    • colour table selection and remapping
    • default screen/row colours
    • side panels
    • redefinable characters
    • modified G0/G2 set selectable for use with enhancements

    The spec also defines navigation and object pages, which I consider out of scope as they're more in the domain of the application rather than the display.


    If you encounter any issues, contact



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