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@swim/uri

3.10.1 • Public • Published

@swim/uri

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@swim/uri provides a rich object model for working with Uniform Resource Identifiers and URI subcomponents, including an efficient and safe codec for parsing and writing compliant URI strings. Rich APIs for paths and queries simplify deconstruction and manipulation of parsed URI objects. @swim/uri is part of the @swim/core framework.

Overview

@swim/uri models each URI component as an immutable class, with rich methods for manipulating and destructuring the component. The Uri class combines a UriScheme, UriAuthority, UriPath, UriQuery, and UriFragment into a complete model of a URI. The UriAuthority class composes a UriUser, UriHost, and UriPort into a standalone model of the authority component of a URI.

The UriPath class represents URI paths as an immutable linked list, making it efficient to incrementally deconstruct. The UriQuery class uses a similar linked list structure to represent query parameters, while providing a convenient Map-like API.

The Uri class has an expressive API for transforming URI subcomponents. And provides standards-compliant methods to resolve and unresolve URIs relative to base URIs.

All @swim/uri classes are immutable, which facilitates caching and instance sharing. All manipulation methods return a new URI component, instead of mutating the receiver. URI classes are also typically used non-nullably, enabling fluent API use without pervasive null checks. Undefined URI components are modeled as particular instances of their respective component classes for which an isDefined method returns false, rather than as null or undefined JavaScript values.

@swim/uri implements @swim/codec-based Parsers and Writers for efficiently and safely decoding and encoding URI strings. And aggressive internal caching and memoization minimizes runtime overhead, without compromising the API.

Uri

The Uri.parse static method parses an encoded URI string into a structured Uri object. The Uri.toString instance method reverses the process, returning a properly URI-encoded string. Uri.toString is memoized—repeated calls return the same string instance–making it efficient to store references to structured Uri objects even when they're frequently converted to strings.

const uri = Uri.parse("http://www.example.com/test?foo&bar=baz#qux");
// Uri.parse("http://www.example.com/test?foo&bar=baz#qux")
 
uri.toString();
// "http://www.example.com/test?foo&bar=baz#qux"

Use the Uri.fromAny static method to coerce a plain old JavaScript object, of type UriInit, or an encoded URI string, to a structured Uri instance. Use the Uri.toAny instance method to convert a Uri instance into a plain old JavaScript object.

Uri.fromAny({
  scheme: "http",
  host: "example.com",
  path: ["/", "index.html"],
  query: {token: "1234"},
  fragment: "toc"
});
// Uri.parse("http://example.com/index.html?token=1234#toc")
 
Uri.parse("http://user:pass@127.0.0.1:8080/foo?a=1&b=2#bar").toAny();
// {
//   scheme: "http",
//   username: "user",
//   password: "pass",
//   host: "127.0.0.1",
//   port: 8080,
//   path: ["/", "foo"],
//   query: {a: "1", b: "2"},
//   fragment: "bar"
// }

The Uri.empty static method returns a singleton Uri instance with undefined scheme, authority, path, query, and fragment components. Keep in mind that undefined URI components are valid instances of their respective component classes.

Uri.empty().scheme();
// UriScheme.undefined()
 
Uri.empty().authority();
// UriAuthority.undefined()
 
Uri.empty().path();
// UriPath.empty()
 
Uri.empty().query();
// UriQuery.undefined()
 
Uri.empty().fragment();
// UriFragment.undefined()

Use the Uri.from static method to construct a new Uri from a UriScheme, UriAuthority, UriPath, UriQuery, and UriFragment, with undefined and ommitted arguments replaced by their respective undefined component instances.

Use the Uri.scheme, Uri.authority, Uri.user, Uri.host, Uri.port, Uri.path, Uri.query, and Uri.fragment static methods to construct new Uri instances with a single defined component. Strings passed to these factory methods will be treated as unencoded URI components. Uri.path treats string arguments as encoded URI path components, and accepts multiple arguments for safe and convenient path interpolation. Uri.query also accepts a hash of key-value query parameters.

Uri.scheme("warp");
// Uri.parse("warp:")
 
Uri.authority("user:pass@example.com:80");
// Uri.parse("//user:pass@example.com:80")
 
Uri.path("/foo/bar");
// Uri.parse("%2ffoo%2fbar")
 
Uri.path("/", "foo", "/", "bar");
// Uri.parse("/foo/bar")
 
Uri.query("a=1?b=2");
// Uri.parse("?a=1?b=2")
 
Uri.query({eeny: "meeny", miny: "moe"});
// Uri.parse("?eeny=meeny&miny=moe")
 
Uri.fragment("anchor");
// Uri.parse("#anchor")

To construct a Uri from an encoded URI component, use the Uri.schemePart, Uri.authorityPart, Uri.userPart, Uri.hostPart, Uri.portPart, Uri.pathPart, Uri.queryPart, and Uri.fragmentPart static methods. These methods only accept URI-encoded string arguments; the Part suffix helps distinguish the use of encoded vs. unencoded component strings.

Uri.pathPart("/foo/bar");
// Uri.parse("/foo/bar")

Use the Uri.scheme, Uri.authority, Uri.user, Uri.host, Uri.port, Uri.path, Uri.query, and Uri.fragment instance methods access and update URI subcomponents. To access and update URI-encoded string subcomponents, use the Uri.schemePart, Uri.authorityPart, Uri.userPart, Uri.hostPart, Uri.portPart, Uri.pathPart, Uri.queryPart, and Uri.fragmentPart instance methods. Because Uri instances are immutable, update methods return a copy of the Uri with the updated subcomponent.

Here are some examples showing how to access Uri subcomponents:

Uri.parse("http://example.com").scheme();
// UriScheme.parse("http")
 
Uri.parse("http://user:pass@example.com:80").authority();
// UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:80")
 
Uri.parse("http://user:pass@example.com:80").user();
// UriUser.parse("user:pass")
 
Uri.parse("http://user:pass@example.com:80").host();
// UriHost.from("example.com")
 
Uri.parse("http://user:pass@example.com:80").port();
// UriPort.from(80)
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com/test?foo&bar=baz#qux").path();
// UriPath.parse("/test")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com/test?foo&bar=baz#qux").query();
// UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com/test?foo&bar=baz#qux").fragment();
// UriFragment.parse("qux")

Here are some examples showing how to update Uri subcomponents.

Uri.parse("http://example.com").scheme("https");
// Uri.parse("https://example.com")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com").authority("user@example.com:80");
// Uri.parse("http://user@example.com:80")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com").user("user:pass");
// Uri.parse("http://user:pass@example.com")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com").host("www.example.com");
// Uri.parse("http://www.example.com")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com").port(80);
// Uri.parse("http://example.com:80")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com").path("/");
// Uri.parse("http://example.com/")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com").path("/", "foo/bar");
// Uri.parse("http://example.com/foo%2fbar")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com").query("foo&bar=baz");
// Uri.parse("http://example.com?foo&bar=baz")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com").fragment("toc");
// Uri.parse("http://example.com#toc")

Use the Uri.appendedPath and Uri.prependedPath instance methods to append or prepend a sequence of unencoded path components to the existing URI path. Use the Uri.appendedSlash and Uri.prependedSlash instance methods to append or prepend a single slash to the existing path. And use the Uri.appendedSegment and Uri.prependedSegment instance methods to append or prepend a single unencoded path segment. Note that adjacent path segments are automatically separated by slashes, as required.

Uri.parse("bar").appendedPath("/", "baz");
// Uri.parse("bar/baz")
 
Uri.parse("bar").appendedPath("baz", "qux");
// Uri.parse("bar/baz/qux")
 
Uri.parse("bar").prependedPath("foo", "/");
// Uri.parse("foo/bar")
 
Uri.parse("bar").prependedPath("/", "foo");
// Uri.parse("/foo/bar")
 
Uri.parse("bar").appendedSlash();
// Uri.parse("bar/")
 
Uri.parse("bar").prependedSlash();
// Uri.parse("/bar")
 
Uri.parse("bar").appendedSegment("http://example.com/foo/?q#f");
// Uri.parse("bar/http:%2f%2fexample.com%2ffoo%2f%3fq%23f")
 
Uri.parse("bar").prependedSegment("/");
// Uri.parse("%2f/bar")

Use the Uri.updatedQuery instance method to update a query parameter, inserting a new parameter if the key is not currently defined. Use the Uri.removedQuery instance method to remove a parameter from the query, if defined. The Uri.appendedQuery and Uri.prependedQuery instance methods unconditionally append or prepend query parameters. A null key in a query parameter indicates that the parameter is a literal string value, i.e. it contains no '=' sign in its encoded form.

Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2").updatedQuery("b", "beta");
// Uri.parse("?b=beta&c=2")
 
Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2").updatedQuery("c", "charlie");
// Uri.parse("?b=1&c=charlie")
 
Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2").updatedQuery("d", "delta");
// Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2&d=delta")
 
Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2").removedQuery("b");
// Uri.parse("?c=2")
 
Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2").removedQuery("b").removedQuery("c");
// Uri.empty()
 
Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2").appendedQuery("c", "charlie");
// Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2&c=charlie")
 
Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2").appendedQuery("delta");
// Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2&delta")
 
Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2").prependedQuery("b", "beta");
// Uri.parse("?b=beta&b=1&c=2")
 
Uri.parse("?b=1&c=2").prependedQuery("alpha");
// Uri.parse("?alpha&b=1&c=2")

Use the Uri.resolve instance method to resolve a relative URI argument against a base URI. Use the Uri.unresolve instance method to obatin the relative components of a URI argument with respect to a base URI.

Uri.parse("http://example.com/foo/").resolve("bar/baz");
// Uri.parse("http://example.com/foo/bar/baz")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com/foo/").resolve("/bar/baz");
// Uri.parse("http://example.com/bar/baz")
 
Uri.parse("http://example.com/foo/").unresolve("http://example.com/foo/bar/baz");
// Uri.parse("bar/baz")

UriScheme

The UriScheme class wraps a valid URI scheme name, giving it a meaningful type, and a consistent set of methods. The UriScheme.undefined static method returns the singleton undefined UriScheme instance. The UriScheme.from static method returns a cached UriScheme instance with the given scheme name. The UriScheme.parse static method parses a URI scheme component to ensure it is valid.

The UriScheme.isDefined instance method returns false if the UriScheme instance represents an undefined URI scheme component. The UriScheme.name instance method returns the underlying scheme name, or the empty string if the scheme is not defined. The UriScheme.toAny method returns the underlying scheme name, or undefined if the scheme is not defined.

UriScheme.undefined().isDefined();
// false
 
UriScheme.from("http").isDefined();
// true
 
UriScheme.parse("my_scheme");
// throws exception
 
UriScheme.from("https").name();
// "name"
 
UriScheme.undefined().name();
// ""
 
UriScheme.undefined().toAny()
// undefined

UriAuthority

The UriAuthority class combines a UriUser, UriHost, and UriPort, modeling the authority component of a URI. The UriAuthority.parse static method parses an encoded URI authority into a structured UriAuthority object. The UriAuthority.toString instance method returns a memoized URI-encoded authority string.

const authority = UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:80");
// UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:80")
 
authority.toString();
// "user:pass@example.com:80"

Use the UriAuthority.fromAny static method to coerce a plain old JavaScript object, of type UriAuthorityInit, or a URI-encoded authority string, to a structured UriAuthority instance. Use the UriAuthority.toAny instance method to convert a UriAuthority instance into a plain old JavaScript object.

UriAuthority.fromAny({
  username: "user",
  password: "pass",
  host: "example.com",
  port: 80
});
// UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:80")
 
UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:80").toAny();
// {
//   username: "user",
//   password: "pass",
//   host: "example.com",
//   port: 80
// }

The UriAuthority.undefined static method returns a singleton UriAuthority instance with undefined user, host, and port components.

UriAuthority.undefined().user();
// UriUser.undefined()
 
UriAuthority.undefined().host();
// UriHost.undefined()
 
UriAuthority.undefined().port();
// UriPort.undefined()

Use the UriAuthority.from static method to construct a new UriAuthority from a UriUser, UriHost, and UriPort, with undefined and ommitted arguments replaced by their respective undefined component instances.

The UriAuthority.isDefined instance method returns false if the UriAuthority instance represents an undefined URI authority component.

UriAuthority.undefined().isDefined();
// false
 
UriAuthority.parse("example.com").isDefined();
// true

Use the UriAuthority.user, UriAuthority.host, and UriAuthority.port static methods to construct new UriAuthority instances with a single defined component. Strings passed to these factory methods will be treated as unencoded authority components.

UriAuthority.user("user:pass");
// UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@")
 
UriAuthority.host("example.com");
// UriAuthority.parse("example.com")
 
UriAuthority.port(8080);
// UriAuthority.parse(":8080")

Use the UriAuthority.host, UriAuthority.user, and UriAuthority.port, instance methods access and update authority subcomponents. Because UriAuthority instances are immutable, update methods return a copy of the UriAuthority with the updated subcomponent.

Here are some examples showing how to access UriAuthority subcomponents:

UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:80").user();
// UriUser.parse("user:pass")
 
UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:80").host();
// UriHost.from("example.com")
 
UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:80").port();
// UriPort.from(80)

Here are some examples showing how to update UriAuthority subcomponents.

UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:80").user(null);
// UriAuthority.parse("example.com:80")
 
UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:80").host("www.example.com");
// UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@www.example.com:80")
 
UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:80").port(8080);
// UriAuthority.parse("user:pass@example.com:8080")

UriUser

The UriUser class wraps a username and optional password string. The UriUser.undefined static method returns a singleton UriUser with an undefined username and password. The UriUser.from static method constructs a new UriUser from a username and optional password string. The UriUser.fromAny static method coerces a plain old JavaScript object, of type UriUserInit, or a URI-encoded user string, to a structured UriUser instance.

UriUser.fromAny({username: "user", password: "pass"});
// UriUser.parse("user:pass")
 
UriUser.parse("user:pass").toAny();
// {username: "user", password: "pass"}

The UriUser.isDefined instance method returns false if the UriUser instance represents an undefined URI user component.

UriUser.undefined().isDefined();
// false
 
UriUser.parse("user:pass").isDefined();
// true

Use the UriUser.username and UriUser.password methods to access and update user subcomponents.

UriUser.parse("user:pass").username();
// "user"
 
UriUser.parse("user:pass").password();
// "pass"
 
UriUser.parse("user:pass").username("multi");
// UriUser.parse("multi:pass")
 
UriUser.parse("user:pass").password("secret");
// UriUser.parse("user:secret")

UriHost

The UriHost class models a URI host component, which is either a DNS name, an IPv4 address, an IPv6 address, or an undefined host component. The UriHost.parse static method parses a URI-encoded host component to a strongly typed UriHost instance. The UriHost.from static method constructs a new UriHost from a host name string. The UriHost.ipv4 static method constructs a new UriHost from an IPv4 address. And the UriHost.ipv6 static method constructs a new UriHost from an IPv6 address.

UriHost.parse("example.com");
// UriHost.from("example.com")
 
UriHost.parse("127.0.0.1");
// UriHost.ipv4("127.0.0.1")
 
UriHost.parse("[::1]");
// UriHost.ipv6("::1")

The UriHost.undefined static method returns the singleton undefined UriHost instance. And the UriHost.isDefined instance method returns false if the UriHost instance represents an undefined URI host component.

UriHost.undefined().isDefined();
// false
 
UriHost.parse("example.com").isDefined();
// true

UriPort

The UriPort class wraps a network port number, giving it a meaningful type, and a consistent set of methods. The UriPort.undefined static method returns the singleton undefined UriPort instance. The UriPort.from static method returns a cached UriPort instance with the given port number. And the UriPort.parse static method parses a URI port number.

The UriPort.isDefined instance method returns false if the UriPort instance represents an undefined URI port number. The UriPort.number instance method returns the underlying port number, or zero if the port is not defined.

UriPort.undefined().isDefined();
// false
 
UriPort.from(80).isDefined();
// true
 
UriPort.parse("80").number();
// 80
 
UriPort.undefined().number();
// 0

UriPath

The UriPath class models the path component of a URI as an immutable linked list of segments and slashes. This linked list structure makes it efficient to incrementally deconstruct URI paths by prefix. Despite being implemented as a linked list, UriPath provides a familiar array-like interface.

The UriPath.parse static method parses a URI-encoded path string to a structured UriPath list. The UriPath.from static method constructs a UriPath instance from a sequence of unencoded URI path components. The UriPath.toString instance method returns a memoized URI-encoded path string.

const path = UriPath.parse("/foo/bar");
// UriPath.parse("/foo/bar")
 
path.toString();
// "/foo/bar"
 
UriPath.from("/", "foo/bar");
// UriPath.parse("/foo%2fbar")

Use the UriPath.fromAny static method to construct a UriPath from an array of unencoded string components, or from a URI-encoded path string. Use the UriPath.toAny instance method to convert a UriPath list to an array of unencoded string components.

UriPath.fromAny(["/", "foo", "/", "bar"]);
// UriPath.parse("/foo/bar")
 
UriPath.parse("/foo/bar%2fbaz").toAny();
// ["/", "foo", "/", "bar/baz"]

The UriPath.head instance method returns the first component of the path. The UriPath.tail instance method returns the UriPath containing all but the first component of the path. The UriPath.empty static method returns the singleton empty UriPath instance, which serves as the nil element of all UriPath linked lists.

UriPath.parse("/index.html").head();
// "/"
 
UriPath.parse("/index.html").tail();
// UriPath.parse("index.html")
 
UriPath.parse("/index.html").tail().head();
// "index.html"
 
UriPath.parse("/index.html").tail().tail();
// UriPath.empty()

The UriPath.length property returns the number of components in the path. The UriPath.get instance method returns the component at a given index.

UriPath.parse("a/b/c").length;
// 5
 
UriPath.parse("a/b/c").get(2);
// "b"

The UriPath.appended and UriPath.prepended instanced methods append or prepend a sequence of unencoded path components to the path, inserting slashes as required to produce a valid path.

UriPath.parse("c").appended("/", "d");
// UriPath.parse("c/d")
 
UriPath.parse("c").appended("d", "e");
// UriPath.parse("c/d/e")
 
UriPath.parse("c").prepended("b", "/");
// UriPath.parse("b/c")
 
UriPath.parse("c").prepended("a", "b");
// UriPath.parse("a/b/c")

The UriPath.isDefined instance method returns true if the path is non-empty, whereas UriPath.isEmpty instance method returns true if the path is empty. The UriPath.isAbsolute instance method returns true if and only if the path begins with a slash component. The UriPath.isRelative instance method returns true if the path does not begin with a slash component.

UriPath.empty().isDefined();
// false
 
UriPath.parse("/").isDefined();
// true
 
UriPath.empty().isEmpty();
// true
 
UriPath.parse("/").isEmpty();
// false
 
UriPath.parse("/").isAbsolute();
// true
 
UriPath.parse("foo").isAbsolute();
// false
 
UriPath.parse("foo").isRelative();
// true
 
UriPath.empty().isRelative();
// true

The UriPath.name method gets or updates the last segment of a path.

UriPath.parse("/foo/index.html").name();
// "index.html"
 
UriPath.parse("/foo/").name();
// ""
 
UriPath.parse("/foo/index.html").name("script.js");
// UriPath.parse("/foo/script.js")
 
UriPath.parse("/foo/").name("script.js");
// UriPath.parse("/foo/script.js")

The UriPath.parent instance method returns the directory that contains the path. The UriPath.base instance method truncates any trailing segment off the path.

UriPath.parse("/foo/bar").parent();
// UriPath.parse("/foo/")
 
UriPath.parse("/foo/bar/").parent();
// UriPath.parse("/foo/")
 
UriPath.parse("/foo/bar").base();
// UriPath.parse("/foo/")
 
UriPath.parse("/foo/bar/").base();
// UriPath.parse("/foo/bar/")

The UriPath.isSubpathOf instance method returns true if the path argument is a prefix of the path.

UriPath.parse("/a/b/c").isSubpathOf("/a/b");
// true
 
UriPath.parse("/x/b/c").isSubpathOf("/a/b");
// false

UriPathBuilder

The UriPathBuilder class provides an efficient way to incrementally construct UriPath objects by appending path components. UriPathBuilder implements the @swim/util Builder interface, enabling path components to be pushed onto the end of the path, like an array. Appends to UriPathBuilder instances take constant time.

The UriPath.builder method returns a new UriPathBuilder instance.

UriQuery

The UriQuery class models the query component of a URI as an immutable linked list of query parameters. This linked list structure makes it efficient to incrementally deconstruct URI queries. Despite being implemented as a linked list, UriQuery provides a familiar Map-like interface for accessing query parameters by key.

The UriQuery.parse static method parses a URI-encoded query string to a structured UriQuery instance. The UriQuery.toString instance method returns a memoized URI-encoded query string.

const query = UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz");
// UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz")
 
query.toString();
// "foo&bar=baz"

Use the UriQuery.fromAny static method to construct a UriQuery from a plain old JavaScript object containing key-value query parameters, or from a URI-encoded query string. Use the UriQuery.toAny instance method to convert a UriQuery instance to a plain old JavaScript object containing key-value query parameters.

UriQuery.fromAny({a: "1", b: "2"});
// UriQuery.parse("a=1&b=2")
 
UriQuery.parse("a=alpha&b=beta").toAny();
// {a: "alpha", b: "beta"}

The UriQuery.head instance method returns a [key, value] tuple containing the first parameter of the query. The UriQuery.key instance method returns the key of the first parameter, if defined. And the UriQuery.value instance method returns the value of the first parameter. The UriPath.undefined static method returns the singleton undefined UriQuery instance, which serves as the nil element of all UriQuery linked lists.

UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz").head();
// [null, "foo"]
 
UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz").tail();
// UriQuery.parse("bar=baz")
 
UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz").tail().head();
// ["bar", "baz"]
 
UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz").tail().tail();
// UriQuery.undefined()

The UriQuery.length property returns the number of parameters in the query. The UriQuery.has instance method returns true if the query has a parameter with the given key. And the UriQuery.get instance method returns the value associated with the given key, or undefined if no parameter with the given key exists in the query.

UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz").length;
// 2
 
UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz").has("bar");
// true
 
UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz").has("foo");
// false
 
UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz").get("bar");
// "baz"
 
UriQuery.parse("foo&bar=baz").get("foo");
// undefined

Use the UriQuery.updated instance method to update a query parameter, inserting a new parameter if the key is not currently defined. Use the UriQuery.removed instance method to remove a parameter from the query, if defined. The UriQuery.appended and UriQuery.prepended instance methods unconditionally append or prepend query parameters. A null key in a query parameter indicates that the parameter is a literal string value, i.e. it contains no '=' sign in its encoded form.

UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2").updated("b", "beta");
// UriQuery.parse("b=beta&c=2")
 
UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2").updated("c", "charlie");
// UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=charlie")
 
UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2").updated("d", "delta");
// UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2&d=delta")
 
UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2").removed("b");
// UriQuery.parse("c=2")
 
UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2").removed("b").removed("c");
// UriQuery.empty()
 
UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2").appended("c", "charlie");
// UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2&c=charlie")
 
UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2").appended("delta");
// UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2&delta")
 
UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2").prepended("b", "beta");
// UriQuery.parse("b=beta&b=1&c=2")
 
UriQuery.parse("b=1&c=2").prepended("alpha");
// UriQuery.parse("alpha&b=1&c=2")

UriQueryBuilder

The UriQueryBuilder class provides an efficient way to incrementally construct UriQuery objects by appending query parameters. UriQueryBuilder implements the @swim/util PairBuilder interface, enabling query parameters to be pushed onto the end of the query, like an array. Appends to UriQueryBuilder instances take constant time.

The UriQuery.builder method returns a new UriQueryBuilder instance.

UriFragment

The UriFragment class wraps a URI fragment identifier, giving it a meaningful type, and a consistent set of methods. The UriFragment.undefined static method returns the singleton undefined UriFragment instance. The UriFragment.from static method returns a cached UriFragment instance with the given fragment identifier. The UriFragment.parse static method decodes an encoded URI fragment component.

The UriFragment.isDefined instance method returns false if the UriFragment instance represents an undefined URI fragment component. The UriFragment.identifier instance method returns the underlying fragment identifier, or the null if the fragment is not defined.

UriFragment.undefined().isDefined();
// false
 
UriFragment.from("toc").isDefined();
// true
 
UriFragment.from("2%");
// UriFragment.parse("2%25")
 
UriFragment.parse("https").name();
// "name"
 
UriFragment.parse("the%20end").identifier();
// "the end"
 
UriFragment.undefined().identifier()
// null

UriCache

The UriCache class implements an efficient URI resolution cache, relative to a fixed base URI, backed by a @swim/util HashGenCacheMap. The resolve instance method resolves its URI argument relative to the cache's base URI, returning a cached instance of the resolved URI when possible. The unresolve instance method returns the relative components of its URI argument, with respect to the cache's base URI, returning a cached instance of the unresolved URI when possibl.

Installation

npm

For an npm-managed project, npm install @swim/uri to make it a dependency. TypeScript sources will be installed into node_modules/@swim/uri/main. Transpiled JavaScript and TypeScript definition files install into node_modules/@swim/uri/lib/main. And a pre-built UMD script can be found in node_modules/@swim/uri/dist/main/swim-uri.js.

Browser

Browser applications can load swim-core.js, which comes bundled with the @swim/uri library, directly from the swimOS CDN.

<!-- Development -->
<script src="https://cdn.swimos.org/js/latest/swim-core.js"></script>
 
<!-- Production -->
<script src="https://cdn.swimos.org/js/latest/swim-core.min.js"></script>

Alternatively, the standalone swim-system.js script may be loaded from the swimOS CDN, which bundles @swim/uri together with all other @swim/system libraries.

<!-- Development -->
<script src="https://cdn.swimos.org/js/latest/swim-system.js"></script>
 
<!-- Production -->
<script src="https://cdn.swimos.org/js/latest/swim-system.min.js"></script>

Usage

ES6/TypeScript

@swim/uri can be imported as an ES6 module from TypeScript and other ES6-compatible environments.

import * as uri from "@swim/uri";

CommonJS/Node.js

@swim/uri can also be used as a CommonJS module in Node.js applications.

var uri = require("@swim/uri");

Browser

When loaded by a web browser, the swim-core.js script adds all @swim/time library exports to the global swim namespace.

The swim-system.js script also adds all @swim/uri library exports to the global swim namespace, making it a drop-in replacement for swim-core.js when additional @swim/system libraries are needed.

install

npm i @swim/uri

Downloadsweekly downloads

15

version

3.10.1

license

Apache-2.0

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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