@superbalist/js-event-pubsub

3.0.2 • Public • Published

@superbalist/js-event-pubsub

An event protocol and implementation over pub/sub.

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This library builds on top of the js-pubsub package and adds support for listening to and dispatching events over pub/sub channels.

Installation

npm install @superbalist/js-event-pubsub

Usage

Simple Events

A SimpleEvent is an event which takes a name and optional attributes.

'use strict';

let LocalPubSubAdapter = require('@superbalist/js-pubsub').LocalPubSubAdapter;
let eventPubSub = require('@superbalist/js-event-pubsub');
let EventManager = eventPubSub.EventManager;
let SimpleEventMessageTranslator = eventPubSub.translators.SimpleEventMessageTranslator;
let SimpleEvent = eventPubSub.events.SimpleEvent;

// create a new event manager
let adapter = new LocalPubSubAdapter();
let translator = new SimpleEventMessageTranslator();
let manager = new EventManager(adapter, translator);

// listen for an event
manager.listen('events', 'user.created', (event) => {
  console.log(event);
});

// listen for all events on the channel
manager.listen('events', '*', (event) => {
  console.log(event);
});

// dispatch an event
let event = new SimpleEvent('user.created', {
  user: {
    id: 1456,
    first_name: 'Joe',
    last_name: 'Soap',
    email: 'joe.soap@example.org'
  }
});
manager.dispatch('events', event);

// dispatch multiple events
let events = [
  new SimpleEvent('user.created', {
    user: {
      // ...
    }
  }),
  new SimpleEvent('user.created', {
    user: {
      // ...
    }
  }),
];
manager.dispatchBatch('events', event);

Topic Events

A TopicEvent is an event which takes a topic, name, version and optional attributes.

'use strict';

let LocalPubSubAdapter = require('@superbalist/js-pubsub').LocalPubSubAdapter;
let eventPubSub = require('@superbalist/js-event-pubsub');
let EventManager = eventPubSub.EventManager;
let TopicEventMessageTranslator = eventPubSub.translators.TopicEventMessageTranslator;
let TopicEvent = eventPubSub.events.TopicEvent;

// create a new event manager
let adapter = new LocalPubSubAdapter();
let translator = new TopicEventMessageTranslator();
let manager = new EventManager(adapter, translator);

// listen for an event on a topic
manager.listen('events', 'user/created', (event) => {
  console.log(event);
});

// listen for an event on a topic matching the given version
manager.listen('events', 'user/created/1.0', (event) => {
  console.log(event);
});

// listen for all events on a topic
manager.listen('events', 'user/*', (event) => {
  console.log(event);
});

// listen for all events on the channel
manager.listen('events', '*', (event) => {
  console.log(event);
});

// dispatch an event
let event = new TopicEvent(
  'user',
  'created',
  '1.0',
  {
    user: {
      id: 1456,
      first_name: 'Joe',
      last_name: 'Soap',
      email: 'joe.soap@example.org'
    }
  }
);
manager.dispatch('events', event);

Schema Events

A SchemaEvent is an extension of the TopicEvent and takes a schema and optional attributes. The topic, name and version are derived from the schema.

The schema must be in the format (protocol)://(......)?/events/(topic)/(channel)/(version).json

'use strict';

let LocalPubSubAdapter = require('@superbalist/js-pubsub').LocalPubSubAdapter;
let eventPubSub = require('@superbalist/js-event-pubsub');
let EventManager = eventPubSub.EventManager;
let SchemaEventMessageTranslator = eventPubSub.translators.SchemaEventMessageTranslator;
let JSONSchemaEventValidator = eventPubSub.validators.JSONSchemaEventValidator;
let SchemaEvent = eventPubSub.events.SchemaEvent;

// create a new event manager
let adapter = new LocalPubSubAdapter();
let translator = new SchemaEventMessageTranslator();

let ajv = JSONSchemaEventValidator.makeDefaultAjv();
ajv.addSchema({
  $schema: 'http://json-schema.org/draft-04/schema#',
  title: 'My Schema',
  type: 'object',
  properties: {
    schema: {
      type: 'string'
    },
    user: {
      type: 'object'
    }
  },
  required: [
    'schema',
    'user'
  ]
}, 'schemas://events/user/created/1.0.json');
let validator = new JSONSchemaEventValidator(ajv);

let manager = new EventManager(adapter, translator, validator);

// dispatch an event
let event = new SchemaEvent('schemas://events/user/created/1.0.json', {
  user: {
    id: 1456,
    first_name: 'Joe',
    last_name: 'Soap',
    email: 'joe.soap@example.org'
  }
});

manager.dispatch('events', event);

// the listen expressions are the same as those used for TopicEvents.

Custom Events

You can easily use a custom event structure by writing a class which implements the EventInterface interface. You will then need to write a custom translator to translate incoming messages to your own event object.

Your event must implement the following methods.

class CustomEvent {
  /**
   * Return the event name.
   *
   * @return {string}
   * @example
   * console.log(event.getName());
   */
  getName() {

  }

  /**
   * Return all event attributes.
   *
   * @return {Object.<string, *>}
   * @example
   * console.log(event.getAttributes());
   */
  getAttributes() {

  }

  /**
   * Return an event attribute.
   *
   * @param {string} name
   * @return {*}
   * @example
   * console.log(event.getAttribute('user'));
   */
  getAttribute(name) {

  }

  /**
   * Set an event attribute.
   *
   * @param {string} name
   * @param {*} value
   * @example
   * event.setAttribute('first_name', 'Matthew');
   */
  setAttribute(name, value) {

  }

  /**
   * Check whether or not an event has an attribute.
   *
   * @param {string} name
   * @return {boolean}
   * @example
   * console.log(event.hasAttribute('user'));
   */
  hasAttribute(name) {

  }

  /**
   * Return the event in a message format ready for publishing.
   *
   * @return {*}
   * @example
   * let message = event.toMessage();
   */
  toMessage() {

  }

  /**
   * Check whether or not the event matches the given expression.
   *
   * @param {string} expr
   * @return {boolean}
   * @example
   * console.log(event.matches('user/created/*'));
   */
  matches(expr) {

  }
}

Translators

A translator is used to translate an incoming message into an event.

The package comes bundled with a SimpleEventMessageTranslator, TopicEventMessageTranslator and a SchemaEventMessageTranslator.

Custom Translators

You can easily write your own translator by implementing the MessageTranslatorInterface interface.

Your translator must implement the following methods.

class CustomEventMessageTranslator {
  /**
   * Translate a message into an event.
   *
   * @param {*} message
   * @return {?EventInterface}
   */
  translate(message) {

  }
}

Validators

A validator is an optional component used to validate an event upon dispatch.

JSONSchemaEventValidator

This package comes bundled with a JSONSchemaEventValidator which works with SchemaEvent type events.

This validator validates events against a JSON Schema Spec using the Another JSON Schema Validator JS package.

Please see the "Schema Events" section above and the "Another JSON Schema Validator" documentation for usage examples.

Custom Validators

You can write your own validator by implementing the EventValidatorInterface interface.

Your validator must implement the following methods.

class CustomValidator {
  /**
   * Validate an event.
   *
   * @param {EventInterface} event
   * @return {Promise<ValidationResult>}
   * @example
   * validator.validate(event).then((result) => {
   *   if (result.passes) {
   *     console.log('event validates!');
   *   } else {
   *     console.log('event failed validation');
   *     console.log(result.errors);
   *   }
   * });
   */
  validate(event) {

  }
}

Attribute Injectors

An attribute injector allows you to have attributes automatically injected into events when events are dispatched.

The library comes bundled with a few injectors out of the box.

  • date_attribute_injector - injects a date key with an ISO 8601 date time
  • hostname_attribute_injector - injects a hostname key with the server hostname
  • uuid4_attribute_injector - injects a uuid key with a UUID-4

An injector is just a callable which returns an object with a key and value.

'use strict';

let LocalPubSubAdapter = require('@superbalist/js-pubsub').LocalPubSubAdapter;
let eventPubSub = require('@superbalist/js-event-pubsub');
let EventManager = eventPubSub.EventManager;
let SimpleEventMessageTranslator = eventPubSub.translators.SimpleEventMessageTranslator;
let SimpleEvent = eventPubSub.events.SimpleEvent;

// create a new event manager
let adapter = new LocalPubSubAdapter();
let translator = new SimpleEventMessageTranslator();
let manager = new EventManager(
  adapter
  translator,
  null,
  [
    eventPubSub.attribute_injectors.date_attribute_injector,
    eventPubSub.attribute_injectors.hostname_attribute_injector,
    eventPubSub.attribute_injectors.uuid4_attribute_injector
  ]
);

manager.addAttributeInjector(() => ({key: 'service', value: 'search'}));

// now all dispatched events will have these attributes automagically injected

Error Handling

The library supports error handlers for when event translation fails, listen expression fails and validation fails.

You can pass callables into the EventManager constructor, or set them as follows:

'use strict';

let LocalPubSubAdapter = require('@superbalist/js-pubsub').LocalPubSubAdapter;
let eventPubSub = require('@superbalist/js-event-pubsub');
let EventManager = eventPubSub.EventManager;
let SimpleEventMessageTranslator = eventPubSub.translators.SimpleEventMessageTranslator;
let SimpleEvent = eventPubSub.events.SimpleEvent;

// create a new event manager
let adapter = new LocalPubSubAdapter();
let translator = new SimpleEventMessageTranslator();
let manager = new EventManager(adapter, translator);

// hook into translation failures
manager.translateFailHandler = (message) => {
  // the message failed to translate into an event
};

// hook into listen expression failures
manager.listenExprFailHandler = (event, expr) => {
  // the event didn't match the listen expression
  // this isn't really an error, but can be useful for debug
};

// hook into validation failures
manager.validationFailHandler = (result) => {
  // the event failed validation
  console.log(result.errors);
};

Examples

The library comes with examples for the different typoes of events and a Dockerfile for running the example scripts.

Run make up.

You will start at a bash prompt in the /usr/src/app directory.

To run the examples:

$ node examples/SimpleEventExample.js
$ node examples/TopicEventExample.js
$ node examples/SchemaEventExample.js

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Install

npm i @superbalist/js-event-pubsub

Weekly Downloads

13

Version

3.0.2

License

MIT

Last publish

Collaborators

  • mike-faut
  • bradwhittington
  • zoidbergwill