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    @stdlib/math-base-special-ldexp
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    0.0.6 • Public • Published

    ldexp

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    Multiply a double-precision floating-point number by an integer power of two.

    Installation

    npm install @stdlib/math-base-special-ldexp

    Usage

    var ldexp = require( '@stdlib/math-base-special-ldexp' );

    ldexp( frac, exp )

    Multiplies a double-precision floating-point number by an integer power of two; i.e., x = frac * 2^exp.

    var x = ldexp( 0.5, 3 ); // => 0.5 * 2^3 = 0.5 * 8
    // returns 4.0
    
    x = ldexp( 4.0, -2 ); // => 4 * 2^(-2) = 4 * (1/4)
    // returns 1.0

    If frac equals positive or negative zero, NaN, or positive or negative infinity, the function returns a value equal to frac.

    var x = ldexp( 0.0, 20 );
    // returns 0.0
    
    x = ldexp( -0.0, 39 );
    // returns -0.0
    
    x = ldexp( NaN, -101 );
    // returns NaN
    
    x = ldexp( Infinity, 11 );
    // returns Infinity
    
    x = ldexp( -Infinity, -118 );
    // returns -Infinity

    Notes

    • This function is the inverse of frexp.

    Examples

    var randu = require( '@stdlib/random-base-randu' );
    var round = require( '@stdlib/math-base-special-round' );
    var pow = require( '@stdlib/math-base-special-pow' );
    var frexp = require( '@stdlib/math-base-special-frexp' );
    var ldexp = require( '@stdlib/math-base-special-ldexp' );
    
    var sign;
    var frac;
    var exp;
    var x;
    var f;
    var v;
    var i;
    
    /*
    * 1) Generate random numbers.
    * 2) Break each number into a normalized fraction and an integer power of two.
    * 3) Reconstitute the original number.
    */
    for ( i = 0; i < 100; i++ ) {
        if ( randu() < 0.5 ) {
            sign = -1.0;
        } else {
            sign = 1.0;
        }
        frac = randu() * 10.0;
        exp = round( randu()*616.0 ) - 308;
        x = sign * frac * pow( 10.0, exp );
        f = frexp( x );
        v = ldexp( f[ 0 ], f[ 1 ] );
        console.log( '%d = %d * 2^%d = %d', x, f[ 0 ], f[ 1 ], v );
    }

    See Also


    Notice

    This package is part of stdlib, a standard library for JavaScript and Node.js, with an emphasis on numerical and scientific computing. The library provides a collection of robust, high performance libraries for mathematics, statistics, streams, utilities, and more.

    For more information on the project, filing bug reports and feature requests, and guidance on how to develop stdlib, see the main project repository.

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    License

    See LICENSE.

    Copyright

    Copyright © 2016-2022. The Stdlib Authors.

    Install

    npm i @stdlib/math-base-special-ldexp

    Homepage

    stdlib.io

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    100,713

    Version

    0.0.6

    License

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    Unpacked Size

    42.2 kB

    Total Files

    9

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • stdlib-bot
    • kgryte
    • planeshifter
    • rreusser