0.1.8 • Public • Published


Verify ID and access JWT tokens from AWS Cognito in your node/Lambda backend with minimal npm dependencies.

Why this library? I couldn't find anything checking all the boxes for me:

  • minimal dependencies
  • framework agnostic
  • JWKS (public keys) caching
  • test coverage

Getting Started


  • Node.js version >=10.13.0


npm i @southlane/cognito-jwt-verifier


  1. Set up a Cognito User Pool. Note User Pool ID on the "General Settings" page in AWS Console.
  2. Within the User Pool, create an Application Client. Note App Client ID on the App Clients page.
  3. Fetch ID/access tokens. Either by making an AWS SDK / Amplify call or from a Hosted UI redirect.

Now you can programmatically verify issued ID and access tokens:

const {
  errors: { JwtVerificationError, JwksNoMatchingKeyError },
} = require('@southlane/cognito-jwt-verifier')

// get a verifier instance. Put your config values here.
const verifier = verifierFactory({
  region: 'us-east-1',
  userPoolId: 'us-east-1_PDsy6i0Bf',
  appClientId: '5ra91i9p4trq42m2vnjs0pv06q',
  tokenType: 'id', // either "access" or "id"

// you can decode this token at jwt.io
const expiredToken =

try {
  const tokenPayload = await verifier.verify(expiredToken)
} catch (e) {
  if (
    e instanceof JwtVerificationError ||
    e instanceof JwksNoMatchingKeyError
  ) {
    // token is malformed, invalid, expired or cannot be validated with known keys
    // act accordingly, e.g. return HTTP 401 error

  throw e

On successful verification tokenPayload will hold the body (payload) of the JWT:

  "at_hash": "BSEId5nF27zMrN9BLX-T_A",
  "sub": "24e26910-e7b9-4aad-a994-387942f164e7",
  "aud": "5ra91i9p4trq42m2vnjs0pv06q",
  "event_id": "b6d7a62d-54da-49e6-a839-66506f0c21b5",
  "token_use": "id",
  "auth_time": 1587311838,
  "iss": "https://cognito-idp.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/us-east-1_PDsy6i0Bf",
  "name": "Max Ivanov",
  "cognito:username": "24e26910-e7b9-4aad-a994-387942f164e7",
  "exp": 1587315438,
  "iat": 1587311838,
  "email": "max@southlane.com"

Errors Thrown

  • TypeError on invalid input arguments.
  • JwksFetchError on failed https request to fetch JSON Web Key Set.
  • JwksNoMatchingKeyError on JWT referencing key which is missing in the key set.
  • JwtVerificationError on failed JWT verification. Inspect error object's originalError property to find out verification error details.

Underlying Jose library may throw lower-level errors, like if you try to import invalid JWKS. https://github.com/panva/jose/blob/master/docs/README.md#errors. Those are not supposed to be thrown under normal course of operation and probably signify a programmer's error.

Leveraging Cache

Verifier instance you get from verifierFactory() call has an internal JWKS cache to avoid hitting the network on subsequent calls.

Make sure verifier instance is shared across verifier.verify() calls.

Running the Tests

Unit and Integration Tests

Run tests:

npm run test

Run tests with coverage report:

npm run test-coverage

Coding Style and Documentation Tests

Make sure code has no syntax errors and is properly formatted. Make sure docs are valid Markdown.

npm run lint

Security Tests

Make sure there are no known vulnerabilities in dependencies.

npm run audit-security

Built With

Dependency Graph

@southlane/cognito-jwt-verifier@0.1.2 (2 deps, 280.94kb, 120 files)
╰─┬ jose@1.26.0 (1 dep, 266.29kb, 108 files)
  ╰── @panva/asn1.js@1.0.0 (45.74kb, 18 files)

Getting Help

If you have questions, concerns, bug reports, etc, please file an issue in this repository's Issue Tracker.


Please read CONTRIBUTING.md for details on our code of conduct, and the process for submitting pull requests to us.


We use SemVer for versioning. For the versions available, see the releases on this repository.


This project is licensed under the MIT License - see the LICENSE.md file for details

Credits and references

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npm i @southlane/cognito-jwt-verifier

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