@sourceloop/notification-service
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13.0.1 • Public • Published

@sourceloop/notification-service

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Overview

Microservice for handling notifications to users through real time notifications, email, or SMS. This microservice uses the loopback4-notifications module to publish/send the notifications.

Installation

npm i @sourceloop/notification-service

Usage

  • Install the notification service npm i @sourceloop/notification-service

  • Install the loopback4-notifications module - npm i loopback4-notifications

  • Set the environment variables.

  • Run the migrations.

  • Add the NotificationServiceComponent to your Loopback4 Application (in application.ts).

    // add Component for NotificationService
    this.component(NotificationServiceComponent);
  • Set up a Loopback4 Datasource with dataSourceName property set to NotifDbSourceName. You can see an example datasource here.

  • Using this service you can send Email, SMS and push notifications. Steps to add any of these are described below. You may choose to add one or more of these depending on your requirement.

  • Email Notifications with Amazon SES -

    • Bind the SES Config to the SESBindings.Config key -

      this.bind(SESBindings.Config).to({
        accessKeyId: process.env.SES_ACCESS_KEY_ID,
        secretAccessKey: process.env.SES_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY,
        region: process.env.SES_REGION,
      });
    • Implement an SES Provider(refer this) or you can import the default SES provider from the loopback4-notifications module and bind it to the NotificationBindings.EmailProvider key as described here.

  • Email Notifications with Nodemailer -

    • Bind the Nodemailer Config to the NodemailerBindings.Config key -
    this.bind(NodemailerBindings.Config).to({
      pool: true,
      maxConnections: 100,
      url: '',
      host: 'smtp.example.com',
      port: 80,
      secure: false,
      auth: {
        user: 'username',
        pass: 'password',
      },
      tls: {
        rejectUnauthorized: true,
      },
    });
    • Implement a Nodemailer Provider(refer this) or import the default Nodemailer provider from the loopback4-notifications module and bind it to the NotificationBindings.EmailProvider key as described here,
  • SMS Notification with Amazon SNS -

    • Bind the SNS Config to the SNSBindings.Config key -
    this.bind(SNSBindings.Config).to({
      accessKeyId: process.env.SNS_ACCESS_KEY_ID,
      secretAccessKey: process.env.SNS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY,
      region: process.env.SNS_REGION,
    });
    • Implement an SnsProvider(refer this) or import the default SNS provider from the loopback4-notifications module and bind it to the NotificationBindings.SMSProvider key -
    import {NotificationBindings} from 'loopback4-notifications';
    import {SnsProvider} from 'loopback4-notifications/sns'; // or your own provider
    ...
    this.bind(NotificationBindings.SMSProvider).toProvider(SnsProvider);
    ...
  • Push Notifications with Pubnub -

    • Bind the Pubnub Config to the PubnubBindings.Config key -
    this.bind(PubnubBindings.Config).to({
      subscribeKey: process.env.PUBNUB_SUBSCRIBE_KEY,
      publishKey: process.env.PUBNUB_PUBLISH_KEY,
      secretKey: process.env.PUBNUB_SECRET_KEY,
      ssl: true,
      logVerbosity: true,
      uuid: 'my-app',
      cipherKey: process.env.PUBNUB_CIPHER_KEY,
      apns2Env: 'production',
      apns2BundleId: 'com.app.myapp',
    });
    • Implement a Pubnub Provider(refer this) or import the default Pubnub provider from the loopback4-notifications module and bind it to the NotificationBindings.PushProvider key -
    import {NotificationBindings} from 'loopback4-notifications';
    import {PubNubProvider} from 'loopback4-notifications/pubnub';  //or your own provider
    ...
    this.bind(NotificationBindings.PushProvider).toProvider(PubNubProvider);
    ...
  • Push Notifications with Socket.io -

    • Bind the Socket.io Config to the SocketBindings.Config key -
    this.bind(SocketBindings.Config).to({
      url: process.env.SOCKETIO_SERVER_URL,
    });
    • Implement a SocketIO Provider(refer this) or import the default Socket.io provider from the loopback4-notifications module and bind it to the NotificationBindings.PushProvider key -
    import {NotificationBindings} from 'loopback4-notifications';
    import {SocketIOProvider} from 'loopback4-notifications/socketio';  //or your own provider
    ...
    this.bind(NotificationBindings.PushProvider).toProvider(SocketIOProvider);
    ...
  • Start the application npm start

Create Notification Payload Structures

Email Notification with SES

interface SESMessage {
  receiver: {
    to: {
      id: string; //Email address
      name?: string;
    }[];
  };
  subject: string;
  body: string;
  sentDate: Date;
  type: 1; //Email
  options?: {
    fromEmail: string; // We do not support attachments with SES Provider yet.
  };
}

Email Notification with Nodemailer

interface NodemailerMessage {
  receiver: {
    to: {
      id: string; //Email address
      name?: string;
    }[];
  };
  subject: string;
  body: string;
  sentDate: Date;
  type: 1; //Email
  options?: {
    from: string;
    subject?: string;
    text?: string;
    html?: string;
    attachments?: {
      filename?: string | false;
      cid?: string;
      encoding?: string;
      contentType?: string;
      contentTransferEncoding?: '7bit' | 'base64' | 'quoted-printable' | false;
      contentDisposition?: 'attachment' | 'inline';
      headers?: Headers;
      raw?:
        | string
        | Buffer
        | Readable
        | {
            content?: string | Buffer | Readable;
            path?: string | Url;
          };
    }[];
  };
}

SMS Notification with SNS

interface SMSMessage {
  receiver: {
    to: {
      id: string; // TopicArn or PhoneNumber
      name?: string;
    }[];
  };
  subject: undefined;
  body: string;
  sentDate: Date;
  type: 2; //SMS
  options?: {
    messageType: any;
  };
}

Push Notification with Pubunb

interface PubNubMessage {
  receiver: {
    to: {
      type: 0; //Channel Type
      id: string; //Channel identifier
      name?: string;
    }[];
  };
  subject: string;
  body: string;
  sentDate: Date;
  type: 0; //Push Notification
  options?: {
    sound: string;
  };
}

Push Notification with Socket.io

interface SocketMessage {
  receiver: {
    to: {
      type: 0; //Channel Type
      id: string; //Channel identifier
      name?: string;
    }[];
  };
  subject: string;
  body: string;
  sentDate: Date;
  type: 0; //Push Notification
  options?: {
    path?: string;
  };
}

Using with Sequelize

This service supports Sequelize as the underlying ORM using @loopback/sequelize extension. And in order to use it, you'll need to do following changes.

1.To use Sequelize in your application, add following to application.ts:

this.bind(NotifServiceBindings.Config).to({
  useCustomSequence: false,
  useSequelize: true,
});
  1. Use the SequelizeDataSource in your audit datasource as the parent class. Refer this for more.

Blacklisting Users

Here is a sample implementation of how we can blacklist a user(s).

Create a new provider:

import {BindingScope, injectable, Provider} from '@loopback/core';
import {
  INotificationFilterFunc,
  Notification,
} from '@sourceloop/notification-service';

@injectable({scope: BindingScope.TRANSIENT})
export class NotificationfilterProvider
  implements Provider<INotificationFilterFunc>
{
  constructor() {}

  value() {
    return async (notif: Notification) => this.notificationFilterFunc(notif);
  }

  blacklistedUsers = ['id1', 'id2']; //ID's of blacklisted users

  notificationFilterFunc(notif: Notification) {
    const receivers = notif!.receiver.to;
    const result = receivers.filter(receiver => {
      return this.blacklistedUsers.indexOf(receiver.id) === -1;
    });
    notif.receiver.to = result;
    return notif;
  }
}

Add the following line to src/application.ts file

this.bind(NotifServiceBindings.NotificationFilter).toProvider(
  NotificationfilterProvider,
);

Note: One can modify the provider according to the requirements

Drafting Notification -

Notification drafting i.e. draft or save notification to send it later.

  1. For this, there is a POST API to save notification as draft. There is one column in DB in notifications table is_draft which is used to mark a notification as draft.

  2. The drafted notification could be based on a group key OR without a group key. In DB group key is saved in a column called group_key.

    • There is a POST API with end url /notifications/drafts to save notification(s) as draft.

    • The draft notification request body with group key looks like:

      {
        "body": "text",
        "groupKey": "text",
        "type": "number"
      }
    • The draft notification request body without group key looks like, e.g. the email notification draft:

      {
        "body": "text",
        "body": "text",
        "type": "number",
        "receiver": {
          "to": [
            {
              "type": "number",
              "id": "text"
            }
          ]
        }
      }

Grouping Notification -

Notification grouping i.e. send many notification as one notification by grouping those together using the groupKey OR group_key field from DB table.

  1. There is an API's to send already saved or already drafted notifications by grouping it using groupKey.

  2. The API end point looks like /notifications/groups/{groupKey}.

  3. The request body of the API to send the grouped notification looks like below. Note that, this example request body is for email notification.

    {
      "subject": "text",
      "receiver": {
        "to": [
          {
            "type": "number",
            "id": "text"
          }
        ]
      },
      "options": {
        "fromEmail": "string"
      },
      "isCritical": "boolean",
      "type": "number"
    }
    • In above request body one can add additional key to the json object in case they want to concatenate new thing in addition to saved drafts and then request body will look like below:
    {
      "subject": "text",
      "body": "text",
      "receiver": {
        "to": [
          {
            "type": "number",
            "id": "text"
          }
        ]
      },
      "options": {
        "fromEmail": "string"
      },
      "isCritical": "boolean",
      "type": "number"
    }

Sending Drafted Notification Independently -

There is one API for sending drafted notification independently using id of already saved or drafted notification.

  1. This API has id (of an already drafted notification) in it's end point which looks like /notifications/{draftedNotificationId}/send and it sends already saved or drafted notification to the receiver(s).

  2. The request body for this API looks like

    {
      "options": {
        "fromEmail": "string"
      },
      "isCritical": "boolean"
    }

User Notification Sleep Time Settings -

User or receiver's sleep time settings will allow user to stop from getting notifications for any given time interval. There are API's as mentioned below which are used to manage User notification settings for sleep time

  1. There is a POST API with end url /notifications/user-notification-settings to add sleep time of user or receiver into DB. The request body for this looks like below:

    {
      "userId": "text",
      "sleepStartTime": "timestamp",
      "sleepEndTime": "timestamp",
      "type": "number"
    }
  2. There is a PATCH API with end url /notifications/user-notification-settings/{id} to update sleep time of user or receiver in DB. The request body for this looks like below:

    {
      "userId": "text",
      "sleepStartTime": "timestamp",
      "sleepEndTime": "timestamp",
      "type": "number"
    }
  3. There is a GET API with end url /notifications/user-notification-settings to get all sleep time settings of users or receivers from DB.

  4. There is a GET API with end url /notifications/user-notification-settings/{id} to get sleep time setting of a user or a receiver from DB by given id.

  5. There is a DELETE API with end url /notifications/user-notification-settings/{id} to delete sleep time setting of a user or a receiver from DB by given id.

  • Note: Sleep time is applicable for send grouped notification API as well as for send drafted notification by id except in case request body contains parameter isCritical and it's value is true. The value of field isCritical is saved in DB into the column named is_critical.
  • Send notification to users having sleep time in past:
    • There is one POST API with end url /notifications/send which sends notifications to users (with respect a given search criteria in the request body) who where having sleep time when notifications were being sent (in past). For this API the request body looks like:
      {
        "ids": ["text"],
        "userId": ["text"],
        "startTime": "timestamp",
        "endTime": "timestamp"
      }
    • Based on given search criteria in the request body, this API finds the receiver(s) and the respective notifications which could not be sent due to the receiver's sleep time interval and sends it.
  • Note: To use this feature in your application, please run the required migrations. Also if one want to make some logical changes they can make changes in the provider.

Environment Variables

Name Required Default Value Description
NODE_ENV Y Node environment value, i.e. dev, test, prod
LOG_LEVEL Y Log level value, i.e. error, warn, info, verbose, debug
DB_HOST Y Hostname for the database server.
DB_PORT Y Port for the database server.
DB_USER Y User for the database.
DB_PASSWORD Y Password for the database user.
DB_DATABASE Y Database to connect to on the database server.
DB_SCHEMA Y Database schema used for the data source. In PostgreSQL, this will be public unless a schema is made explicitly for the service.
JWT_SECRET Y Symmetric signing key of the JWT token.
JWT_ISSUER Y Issuer of the JWT token.

Setting up a DataSource

Here is a sample Implementation DataSource implementation using environment variables and PostgreSQL as the data source.

import {inject, lifeCycleObserver, LifeCycleObserver} from '@loopback/core';
import {juggler} from '@loopback/repository';
import {NotifDbSourceName} from '@sourceloop/notification-service';

const config = {
  name: NotifDbSourceName,
  connector: 'postgresql',
  url: '',
  host: process.env.DB_HOST,
  port: process.env.DB_PORT,
  user: process.env.DB_USER,
  password: process.env.DB_PASSWORD,
  database: process.env.DB_DATABASE,
  schema: process.env.DB_SCHEMA,
};

@lifeCycleObserver('datasource')
export class NotificationDbDataSource
  extends juggler.DataSource
  implements LifeCycleObserver
{
  static dataSourceName = NotifDbSourceName;
  static readonly defaultConfig = config;

  constructor(
    // You need to set datasource configuration name as 'datasources.config.Notification' otherwise you might get Errors
    @inject('datasources.config.Notification', {optional: true})
    dsConfig: object = config,
  ) {
    super(dsConfig);
  }
}

Migrations

The migrations required for this service are processed during the installation automatically if you set the NOTIF_MIGRATION or SOURCELOOP_MIGRATION env variable. The migrations use db-migrate with db-migrate-pg driver for migrations, so you will have to install these packages to use auto-migration. Please note that if you are using some pre-existing migrations or databases, they may be affected. In such a scenario, it is advised that you copy the migration files in your project root, using the NOTIF_MIGRATION_COPY or SOURCELOOP_MIGRATION_COPY env variables. You can customize or cherry-pick the migrations in the copied files according to your specific requirements and then apply them to the DB.

Additionally, there is now an option to choose between SQL migration or PostgreSQL migration. NOTE: For @sourceloop/cli users, this choice can be specified during the scaffolding process by selecting the "type of datasource" option.

API Documentation

Common Headers

Authorization: Bearer where is a JWT token signed using JWT issuer and secret. Content-Type: application/json in the response and in request if the API method is NOT GET

Common Request path Parameters

{version}: Defines the API Version

Common Responses

Status Description
200 Successful Response. Response body varies w.r.t API
401 Unauthorized: The JWT token is missing or invalid
403 Forbidden : Not allowed to execute the concerned API
404 Entity Not Found
400 Bad Request (Error message varies w.r.t API)
201 No content: Empty Response

API's Details

Visit the OpenAPI spec docs

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Version

13.0.1

License

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