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@sanity/client with typed GROQ Results

Watch How to Type Your Sanity Document and Client

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npm install sanity @sanity-typed/client


Use createClient exactly as you would from @sanity/client with a minor change for proper type inference.


// import { defineArrayMember, defineField, defineType } from "sanity";
import {
} from "@sanity-typed/types";

/** No changes using defineType, defineField, and defineArrayMember */
export const product = defineType({
  name: "product",
  type: "document",
  title: "Product",
  fields: [
      name: "productName",
      type: "string",
      title: "Product name",
      validation: (Rule) => Rule.required(),
      name: "tags",
      type: "array",
      title: "Tags for item",
      of: [
          type: "object",
          name: "tag",
          fields: [
            defineField({ type: "string", name: "label" }),
            defineField({ type: "string", name: "value" }),


import { visionTool } from "@sanity/vision";
import { deskTool } from "sanity/desk";

// import { defineConfig } from "sanity";
import { defineConfig } from "@sanity-typed/types";
import type { InferSchemaValues } from "@sanity-typed/types";

import { product } from "./schemas/product";

/** No changes using defineConfig */
const config = defineConfig({
  projectId: "59t1ed5o",
  dataset: "production",
  plugins: [deskTool(), visionTool()],
  schema: {
    types: [
      // ...

export default config;

/** Typescript type of all types! */
export type SanityValues = InferSchemaValues<typeof config>;
 *  SanityValues === {
 *    product: {
 *      _createdAt: string;
 *      _id: string;
 *      _rev: string;
 *      _type: "product";
 *      _updatedAt: string;
 *      productName: string;
 *      tags?: {
 *        _key: string;
 *        _type: "tag";
 *        label?: string;
 *        value?: string;
 *      }[];
 *    };
 *    // ... all your types!
 *  }


import type { SanityValues } from "sanity.config";

// import { createClient } from "@sanity/client";
import { createClient } from "@sanity-typed/client";

/** Small change using createClient */
// export const client = createClient({
export const client = createClient<SanityValues>()({
  projectId: "59t1ed5o",
  dataset: "production",
  useCdn: true,
  apiVersion: "2023-05-23",

export const makeTypedQuery = async () =>
 *  typeof makeTypedQuery === () => Promise<{
 *    _id: string;
 *    productName: string;
 *    tags: {
 *      _key: string;
 *      _type: "tag";
 *      label?: string;
 *      value?: string;
 *    }[] | null;
 *  }[]>

The createClient<SanityValues>()(config) syntax is due to having to infer one generic (the config shape) while explicitly providing the Sanity Values' type, which can't be done in the same generics.

Typing an untyped client (and vice versa)

Sometimes, you'll have a preconfigured client from a separate library (notably, next-sanity) that you will still want typed results from. A castToTyped function is provided to do just that.

import { createClient } from "next-sanity";

import { castToTyped } from "@sanity-typed/client";

import type { SanityValues } from "./sanity.config";

const client = createClient({
  // ...

// Same function signature as the typed `createClient`
const typedClient = castToTyped<SanityValues>()(client);

// Also, if you need the config in the client (eg. for queries using $param),
// you can provide the same config again to include it in the types.

// const typedClient = castToTyped<SanityValues>()(client, {
//   ...same contents from createClient
// });

const data = await typedClient.fetch("*");
 *  typeof data === {
 *    _createdAt: string;
 *    _id: string;
 *    _rev: string;
 *    _type: "product";
 *    _updatedAt: string;
 *    productName?: string;
 *    tags?: {
 *      _key: string;
 *      label?: string;
 *      value?: string;
 *    }[];
 *  }[]

Similarly, if you have a typed client that you want to untype (presumably to export from a library for general consumption), the opposite exists as well:

import { castFromTyped, createClient } from "@sanity-typed/client";

import type { SanityValues } from "./sanity.config";

const client = createClient<SanityValues>()({
  // ...

export const typedClient = client;

export const untypedClient = castFromTyped(client);

export default untypedClient;

Neither of these functions (nor the createClient function) have any runtime implications; they pass through the initial client unaltered.


Types match config but not actual documents

As your sanity driven application grows over time, your config is likely to change. Keep in mind that you can only derive types of your current config, while documents in your Sanity Content Lake will have shapes from older configs. This can be a problem when adding new fields or changing the type of old fields, as the types won't can clash with the old documents.

Ultimately, there's nothing that can automatically solve this; we can't derive types from a no longer existing config. This is a consideration with or without types: your application needs to handle all existing documents. Be sure to make changes in a backwards compatible manner (ie, make new fields optional, don't change the type of old fields, etc).

Another solution would be to keep old configs around, just to derive their types:

const config = defineConfig({
  schema: {
    types: [foo],
  plugins: [myPlugin()],

const oldConfig = defineConfig({
  schema: {
    types: [oldFoo],
  plugins: [myPlugin()],

type SanityValues =
  | InferSchemaValues<typeof config>
  | InferSchemaValues<typeof oldConfig>;

This can get unweildy although, if you're deligent about data migrations of your old documents to your new types, you may be able to deprecate old configs and remove them from your codebase.

GROQ Query results changes in seemingly breaking ways

Similar to parsing, evaluating groq queries will attempt to match how sanity actually evaluates queries. Again, any fixes to match that or changes to groq evaluation will likely not be considered a major change but, rather, a bug fix.


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  • saiichihashimoto