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    @rushstack/rig-package
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    0.3.17 • Public • Published

    @rushstack/rig-package

    The config/rig.json file is a system that Node.js build tools can adopt, in order to eliminate duplication of config files when many projects share a common configuration. This is particularly valuable in a setup where hundreds of projects may be built using a small set of reusable recipes.

    Motivation

    For a concrete example, consider the API Extractor tool which reads its configuration from <projectFolder>/config/api-extractor.json. Suppose that we have three separate projects that all share the exact same configuration:

    project1/package.json
    project1/config/api-extractor.json
    project1/config/other-tool2.json
    project1/config/other-tool3.json
    project1/src/index.ts
    
    project2/package.json
    project2/config/api-extractor.json
    project2/config/other-tool2.json
    project2/config/other-tool3.json
    project2/src/index.ts
    
    project3/package.json
    project3/config/api-extractor.json
    project3/config/other-tool2.json
    project3/config/other-tool3.json
    project3/src/index.ts
    

    It seems wasteful to copy and paste the api-extractor.json file with all those settings. If we later need to tune the configuration, we'd have to find and update each file. For a large organization, there could be hundreds of such projects.

    The "extends" setting provides a basic way to centralize the configuration in a "rig package". For this example, we'll call our NPM package example-rig:

    example-rig/package.json
    example-rig/profile/node-library/config/api-extractor.json
    example-rig/profile/web-library/config/api-extractor.json
    
    project1/package.json
    project1/config/api-extractor.json
    project1/config/other-tool2.json
    project1/config/other-tool3.json
    project1/src/index.ts
    
    project2/package.json
    project2/config/api-extractor.json
    project2/config/other-tool2.json
    project2/config/other-tool3.json
    project2/src/index.ts
    
    project3/package.json
    project3/config/api-extractor.json
    project3/config/other-tool2.json
    project3/config/other-tool3.json
    project3/src/index.ts
    

    To make things interesting, above we've introduced two "profiles":

    • node-library is for libraries that target the Node.js runtime
    • web-library is for libraries that target a web browser

    NOTE: The node-library and web-library names are hypothetical examples. The names and purposes of rig profiles are user-defined. If you only need one profile, then call it default.

    If project1 and project2 are Node.js libraries, then their api-extractor.json now reduces to this:

    project1/config/api-extractor.json

    {
      "$schema": "https://developer.microsoft.com/json-schemas/api-extractor/v7/api-extractor.schema.json",
      "extends": "example-rig/profile/node-library/config/api-extractor.json"
    }

    Whereas if project3 is a web browser library, then it might look like this:

    project3/config/api-extractor.json

    {
      "$schema": "https://developer.microsoft.com/json-schemas/api-extractor/v7/api-extractor.schema.json",
      "extends": "example-rig/profile/web-library/config/api-extractor.json"
    }

    Using "extends" definitely made the config file shorter! But imagine that we have a large monorepo with 100 projects. And each project has 5 config files like api-extactor.json. We still have to copy+paste 100 x 5 = 500 config files across all our project folders.

    Can we do better?

    rig.json eliminates files entirely

    The idea is to replace config/api-extractor.json and config/other-tool2.json (and any other such files) with a single file config/rig.json that delegates everything to the rig package:

    project3/config/rig.json

    {
      "$schema": "https://developer.microsoft.com/json-schemas/rig-package/rig.schema.json",
    
      /**
       * (Required) The name of the rig package to inherit from.
       * It should be an NPM package name with the "-rig" suffix.
       */
      "rigPackageName": "example-rig",
    
      /**
       * (Optional) Selects a config profile from the rig package.  The name must consist of
       * lowercase alphanumeric words separated by hyphens, for example "sample-profile".
       * If omitted, then the "default" profile will be used."
       */
      "rigProfile": "web-library"
    }

    Using rig.json eliminates the "extends" stub files entirely. A tool that implements the rig.json system would probe for its config file (<targetFile>.json) using the following procedure:

    1. First check for config/<targetFile>.json in the project folder; if found, use that file. OTHERWISE...
    2. Check for config/rig.json; if found, then this project is using a rig package. Read the <rigPackageName> and <rigProfile> settings from that file.
    3. Use Node.js module resolution to find the <rigPackageName> package folder (let's call that <rigPackageFolder>)
    4. Check for <rigPackageFolder>/profile/<rigProfile>/<targetFile>.json; if found, use that file. OTHERWISE...
    5. If the <targetFile>.json cannot be found in either of these places, the behavior is left to the tool. For example, it could report an error, or proceed using defaults.

    In cases where we need a project-specific customization, the "extends" field is still supported. For example, project1 can still add a local override like this:

    project1/config/api-extractor.json

    {
      "$schema": "https://developer.microsoft.com/json-schemas/api-extractor/v7/api-extractor.schema.json",
      "extends": "example-rig/profile/node-library/config/api-extractor.json",
    
      // Local override:
      "mainEntryPointFilePath": "<projectFolder>/lib/custom.d.ts",
    }

    The result is a much shorter inventory of files:

    example-rig/package.json
    
    example-rig/profile/node-library/config/api-extractor.json
    example-rig/profile/node-library/config/other-tool2.json
    example-rig/profile/node-library/config/other-tool3.json
    
    example-rig/profile/web-library/config/api-extractor.json
    example-rig/profile/web-library/config/other-tool2.json
    example-rig/profile/web-library/config/other-tool3.json
    
    project1/package.json
    project1/config/rig.json
    project1/config/api-extractor.json  <-- local override shown above
    project1/src/index.ts
    
    project2/package.json
    project2/config/rig.json
    project2/src/index.ts
    
    project3/package.json
    project3/config/rig.json
    project3/src/index.ts
    

    The @rushstack/rig-package API

    The @rushstack/rig-package library provides an API for loading the rig.json file and performing lookups. It is a lightweight NPM package, intended to be easy for tool projects to accept as a dependency. The package also includes the JSON schema file rig.schema.json.

    Example usage of the API:

    import { RigConfig } from '@rushstack/rig-package';
    
    // Probe for the rig.json file and load it if found
    const rigConfig: RigConfig = RigConfig.loadForProjectFolder({
      // Specify a  project folder (i.e. where its package.json file is located)
      projectFolderPath: testProjectFolder
    });
    
    if (rigConfig.rigFound) {
      // We found a config/rig.json file
      //
      // Prints "/path/to/project3/config/rig.json"
      console.log('Found rig.json: ' + rigConfig.filePath);
    
      // Prints "example-rig"
      console.log('The rig package is: ' + rigConfig.rigPackageName);
    
      // Resolve the rig package
      //
      // Prints "/path/to/project3/node_modules/example-rig/profile/web-library"
      console.log('Profile folder: ' + rigConfig.getResolvedProfileFolder());
    
      // Look up a config file.  These file paths will be tested:
      //
      //   /path/to/project3/folder/file.json
      //   /path/to/project3/node_modules/example-rig/profile/web-library/folder/file.json
      //
      // The result will be the first path that exists, or undefined if the config file was not found.
      console.log('Resolved config file: ' + rigConfig.tryResolveConfigFilePath('folder/file.json'));
    }

    Note that there are also async variants of the functions that access the filesystem.

    Links

    @rushstack/rig-package is part of the Rush Stack family of projects.

    Keywords

    none

    Install

    npm i @rushstack/rig-package

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    409,196

    Version

    0.3.17

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    74 kB

    Total Files

    18

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • octogonz
    • odspnpm
    • rushstack-admin