@rushstack/eslint-patch
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1.10.3 • Public • Published

@rushstack/eslint-patch

Enhance ESLint with better support for large scale monorepos!

This is a runtime patch that enables new/experimental features for ESLint. It operates as a "monkey patch" that gets loaded with .eslintrc.js and modifies the ESLint engine in memory. This approach works with your existing ESLint version (no need to install a forked ESLint), and is fully interoperable with companion tools such as the ESLint extensions for VS Code and WebStorm.

This package provides several independently loadable features:

  • eslint-bulk-suppressions: enables you to roll out new lint rules in your monorepo without having to clutter up source files with thousands of machine-generated // eslint-ignore-next-line directives. Instead, the "bulk suppressions" for legacy violations are managed in a separate file called .eslint-bulk-suppressions.json.

  • modern-module-resolution: allows an ESLint config package to provide plugin dependencies, avoiding the problem where hundreds of projects in a monorepo need to copy+paste the same "devDependencies" in every package.json file.

    NOTE: ESLint 8.21.0 has now introduced a new ESLINT_USE_FLAT_CONFIG mode that may reduce the need for the modern-module-resolution patch.

  • custom-config-package-names: enables rig packages to provide shareable configs for ESLint, by removing the requirement that eslint-config must appear in the NPM package name.

Contributions welcome! If you have more ideas for experimental ESLint enhancements that might benefit large scale monorepos, consider adding them to this patch.

eslint-bulk-suppressions feature

What it does

As your monorepo evolves and grows, there's an ongoing need to expand and improve lint rules. But whenever a new rule is enabled, there may be hundreds or thousands of "legacy violations" in existing source files. How to handle that? We could fix the old code, but that's often prohibitively expensive and may even cause regressions. We could disable the rule for those projects or files, but we want new code to follow the rule. An effective solution is to inject thousands of // eslint-ignore-next-line lines, but these "bulk suppressions" have an unintended side effect: It normalizes the practice of suppressing lint rules. If people get used to seeing // eslint-ignore-next-line everywhere, nobody will notice when humans suppress the rules for new code. That would undermine the mission of establishing better code standards.

The eslint-bulk-suppressions feature introduces a way to store machine-generated suppressions in a separate file .eslint-bulk-suppressions.json which can even be protected using CODEOWNERS policies, since that file will generally only change when new lint rules are introduced, or in occasional circumstances when existing files are being moved or renamed. In this way // eslint-ignore-next-line remains a directive written by humans and hopefully rarely needed.

Why it's a patch

As with modern-module-resolution, our hope is for this feature to eventually be incorporated as an official feature of ESLint. Starting out as an unofficial patch allows faster iteration and community feedback.

How to use it

  1. Add @rushstack/eslint-patch as a dependency of your project:

    cd your-project
    npm install --save-dev @rushstack/eslint-patch
  2. Globally install the @rushstack/eslint-bulk command line interface (CLI) package. For example:

    npm install --global @rushstack/eslint-bulk

    This installs the eslint-bulk shell command for managing the .eslint-bulk-suppressions.json files. With it you can generate new suppressions as well as "prune" old suppressions that are no longer needed.

  3. Load the patch by adding the following require() statement as the first line of your .eslintrc.js file. For example:

    .eslintrc.js

    require("@rushstack/eslint-patch/eslint-bulk-suppressions"); // 👈 add this line
    
    module.exports = {
      rules: {
        rule1: 'error',
        rule2: 'warning'
      },
      parserOptions: { tsconfigRootDir: __dirname }
    };

Typical workflow:

  1. Checkout your main branch, which is in a clean state where ESLint reports no violations.
  2. Update your configuration to enable the latest lint rules; ESLint now reports thousands of legacy violations.
  3. Run eslint-bulk suppress --all ./src to update .eslint-bulk-suppressions.json.
  4. ESLint now no longer reports violations, so commit the results to Git and merge your pull request.
  5. Over time, engineers may improve some of the suppressed code, in which case the associated suppressions are no longer needed.
  6. Run eslint-bulk prune periodically to find and remove unnecessary suppressions from .eslint-bulk-suppressions.json, ensuring that new violations will now get caught in those scopes.

"eslint-bulk suppress" command

eslint-bulk suppress --rule NAME1 [--rule NAME2...] PATH1 [PATH2...]
eslint-bulk suppress --all PATH1 [PATH2...]

Use this command to automatically generate bulk suppressions for the specified lint rules and file paths. The path argument is a glob pattern with the same syntax as path arguments for the eslint command.

"eslint-bulk prune" command

Use this command to automatically delete all unnecessary suppression entries in all .eslint-bulk-suppressions.json files under the current working directory.

eslint-bulk prune

Implementation notes

The eslint-bulk command is a thin wrapper whose behavior is actually provided by the patch itself. In this way, if your monorepo contains projects using different versions of this package, the same globally installed eslint-bulk command can be used under any project folder, and it will always invoke the correct version of the engine compatible with that project. Because the patch is loaded by ESLint, the eslint-bulk command must be invoked in a project folder that contains an .eslintrc.js configuration with correctly installed package.json dependencies.

Here's an example of the bulk suppressions file content:

.eslint-bulk-suppressions.json

{
  "suppressions": [
    {
      "rule": "no-var",
      "file": "./src/your-file.ts",
      "scopeId": ".ExampleClass.exampleMethod"
    }
  ]
}

The rule field is the ESLint rule name. The file field is the source file path, relative to the eslintrc.js file. The scopeId is a special string built from the names of containing structures. (For implementation details, take a look at the calculateScopeId() function.) The scopeId identifies a region of code where the rule should be suppressed, while being reasonably stable across edits of the source file.

modern-module-resolution feature

What it does

This patch is a workaround for a longstanding ESLint feature request that would allow a shareable ESLint config to bring along its own plugins, rather than imposing peer dependencies on every consumer of the config. In a monorepo scenario, this enables your lint setup to be consolidated in a single NPM package. Doing so greatly reduces the copy+pasting and version management for all the other projects that use your standard lint rule set, but don't want to be bothered with the details.

NOTE: ESLint 8.21.0 has now introduced a new ESLINT_USE_FLAT_CONFIG mode that may reduce the need for this patch.

Why it's a patch

We initially proposed this feature in a pull request for the official ESLint back in 2019, however the maintainers preferred to implement a more comprehensive overhaul of the ESLint config engine. It ultimately shipped with the experimental new ESLINT_USE_FLAT_CONFIG mode (still opt-in as of ESLint 8). While waiting for that, Rush Stack's modern-module-resolution patch provided a reliable interim solution. We will continue to maintain this patch as long as it is being widely used, but we encourage you to check out ESLINT_USE_FLAT_CONFIG and see if it meets your needs.

How to use it

  1. Add @rushstack/eslint-patch as a dependency of your project:

    cd your-project
    npm install --save-dev @rushstack/eslint-patch
  2. Add a require() call to the to top of the .eslintrc.js file for each project that depends on your shareable ESLint config, for example:

    .eslintrc.js

    require("@rushstack/eslint-patch/modern-module-resolution"); // 👈 add this line
    
    // Add your "extends" boilerplate here, for example:
    module.exports = {
      extends: ['@your-company/eslint-config'],
      parserOptions: { tsconfigRootDir: __dirname }
    };

With this change, the local project no longer needs any ESLint plugins in its package.json file. Instead, the hypothetical @your-company/eslint-config NPM package would declare the plugins as its own dependencies.

This patch works by modifying the ESLint engine so that its module resolver will load relative to the folder of the referencing config file, rather than the project folder. The patch is compatible with ESLint 6, 7, and 8. It also works with any editor extensions that load ESLint as a library.

For an even leaner setup, @your-company/eslint-config can provide the patches as its own dependency. See @rushstack/eslint-config for a real world example.

custom-config-package-names feature

What it does

Load the custom-config-package-names patch to remove ESLint's naming requirement that eslint-config must be part of the NPM package name for shareable configs.

This is useful because Rush Stack's rig package specification defines a way for many different tooling configurations and dependencies to be shared via a single NPM package, for example @rushstack/heft-web-rig. Rigs avoid a lot of copy+pasting of dependencies in a large scale monorepo. Rig packages always include the -rig suffix in their name. It doesn't make sense to enforce that eslint-config should also appear in the name of a package that includes shareable configs for many other tools besides ESLint.

How to use it

Continuing the example above, to load this patch you would add a second line to your config file:

.eslintrc.js

require("@rushstack/eslint-patch/modern-module-resolution");
require("@rushstack/eslint-patch/custom-config-package-names"); // 👈 add this line

// Add your "extends" boilerplate here, for example:
module.exports = {
  extends: [
    '@your-company/build-rig/profile/default/includes/eslint/node' // Notice the package name does not start with "eslint-config-"
  ],
  parserOptions: { tsconfigRootDir: __dirname }
};

Links

@rushstack/eslint-patch is part of the Rush Stack family of projects.

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