@raintech-oss/jovo-dew
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2.0.0 • Public • Published

Dew View Engine

Dew simplifies the creation of voice and bot applications by adding a view engine to your handler code.

Installation

You can install the plugin like this:

$ npm install @raintech-oss/jovo-dew

Add this plugin to the root list of plugins in app.ts:

import { App } from '@jovotech/framework';
import { DewViewEnginePlugin } from '@raintech-oss/jovo-dew';
// ...

const app = new App({
  plugins: [
    new DewViewEnginePlugin({ /* ... */}),
    // ...
  ],
});

Dew makes use of translations for i18n so the project must include them. This can be added to i18n in app.ts:

import { App } from '@jovotech/framework';
// ...

const app = new App({
  i18n: {
    resources: {
      en,
    },
  },
  // ...
});

And there needs to be a corresponding file at src\i18n\en.json.

Configuration

The following configurations can be added:

import { App } from '@jovotech/framework';
import { DewViewEnginePlugin } from '@raintech-oss/jovo-dew';
import audiosEn from './content/en/audios-file.json';
import { ViewVariables } from './ViewVariables';
// ...

const app = new App({
  plugins: [
    new DewViewEnginePlugin({
      viewVariables: ViewVariables(),
      audio: {
        resources: {
          en: audiosEn,
        },
        baseUrl: 'https://example.com/assets',
        fallbackLocale: 'en',
        defaultExt: '.mp3',
      },
    }),
    // ...
  ],
});
  • viewVariables: Object whose methods are called based on variables that need to be filled in output text. See View Variables for more information.
  • audio: Configuration values for audio variables used in output text. See Audio Variables for more information.

View Variables

Here is a sample ViewVariables.ts file:

import { BaseViewVariables } from '@raintech-oss/jovo-dew';

export class ViewVariables extends BaseViewVariables {
  constructor(jovo: Jovo) {
    super(jovo);
  }
    
  blank(): string {
    return ' ';
  }

  pause(): string {
    return '<break time="500ms"/>';
  }

  fullName(): string {
    return this.jovo.$session.data.fullName;
  }
}

If the output text includes {{placeholders}} as in "Welcome back {{pause}} to {{fullName}}", the Dew view engine will try to fill those placeholders in the following order:

  1. from a value added to this.$dew.data.myKey
  2. function in ViewVariables.ts named the same as the placeholder
  3. constructed audio URL from audio resource audios-file.json where placeholder matches variableName.
  4. if filename property in audios-file.json is empty, the value from the text property is used.
  5. if still no match, the placeholder is replaced with a message that identifies the missing variable definition: [missing variable: myValue]

Audio Variables

This feature allows for output to include audio files during production and use the text value during development when audio files are not yet available.

The audio variables file (ex: audios-file.json) is in the following format:

[
  {
    "variableName": "sfx_success",
    "filename": "success",
    "text": "Submitted."
  }
]

The fields are:

  • variableName - matches the placeholder in the output text
  • filename - used with the other values in the plugin config audio section to construct an audio URL: https://example.com/assets/success.mp3
  • text - if the filename property is missing or empty, use this value

Usage

To access the Dew methods and properties, use this in a handler:

this.$dew

Here is a sample handler:

async LAUNCH() {
  this.$dew.data.name = 'Mark';

  const outputs = await this.$dew.getOutput(['Launch.WelcomeBack', 'SFX.Success', 'WhatNext']);
  return this.$send(outputs);
}

The power of Dew is the nested structure of the src\i18n\en.json file. Notice how the "WhatNext" path groups a message and a reprompt and that a single call to this.$dew.getOutput(['WhatNext']); includes both values in the output.

{
  "translation": {
    "Launch": {
      "Welcome": {
        "message": "Welcome, {{fullName}}."
      },
      "WelcomeBack": {
        "message": "Welcome back {{name}}."
      }
    },
    "SFX": {
      "Success": {
        "message": {
          "speech": "{{sfx_success}}",
          "text": "Item submitted."
        }
      }
    },
    "WhatNext": {
      "message": "What next?",
      "reprompt": "What do you want to do next?"
    },
    "Goodbye": {
      "message": "See you next time.",
      "listen": false
    }
  }
}

From the outside-in, there can be multiple nesting levels (usually 1 or 2) which acts at the path to identify the output. This is what is used in the $dew.getOutput array parameter.

The next level matches the names of Generic Output Elements or custom keys:

When resolving using a function in ViewVariables, return an output template as described in Output Templates:

// ViewVariables.ts
myOutput(): OutputTemplate {
    return {
        platforms: {
            core: {
                nativeResponse: {
                    custom: {
                        key: 'value1',
                    },
                },
            },
        },
        card: {
          title: this.jovo.$t('someTitle'),
          content: 'my content',
          subtitle: 'this card from VV',
          imageUrl: 'https://www.fillmurray.com/200/300',
          imageAlt: 'Fill Murray',
        },        
    };
}

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npm i @raintech-oss/jovo-dew

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Version

2.0.0

License

Apache-2.0

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  • rmtuckerphx