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1.0.5 • Public • Published

Eleventy.js Interlink Plugin

I use Obsidian.md to draft my posts before they are published on PhotoGabble. One feature of #Obsidian that I love is interlinking between notes and being able to see the connectivity graph of each note.

In January 2023 I wrote about how I added Wiki Links support to Eleventy.js and in doing so this plugin was borne. It has since been updated to include support for Obsidians embedding files.


npm i @photogabble/eleventy-plugin-interlinker


type EleventyPluginInterlinkOptions = {
  // defaultLayout is the optional default layout you would like
  // to use for wrapping your embeds.
  defaultLayout?: string,

  // defaultLayoutLang is the optional default engine(s) used to render
  // your embed layout. This defaults to your 11ty project default for
  // the embed source file; typically: liquid,md.
  defaultLayoutLang?: string,

  // layoutKey is the front-matter value used for a per embed
  // template, if found it will replace defaultLayout for
  // that embed. This will always default to `embedLayout`.
  layoutKey?: string,

  // layoutTemplateLangKey is the front-matter value used for setting the
  // layout engine(s) to render the embed's layout. This defaults to your
  // 11ty project default for the embed source file; typically: liquid,md.
  layoutTemplateLangKey?: string,

  // unableToLocateEmbedFn is invoked when an embed is unable
  // to be found, this is normally due to a typo in the
  // slug that you are using. This defaults to a function
  // that returns [UNABLE TO LOCATE EMBED].
  unableToLocateEmbedFn?: ErrorRenderFn,

  // slugifyFn is used to slugify strings. If a function
  // isn't set then the default 11ty slugify filter is used.
  slugifyFn?: SlugifyFn


In your Eleventy config file (defaults to .eleventy.js):

module.exports = (eleventyConfig) => {
      defaultLayout: 'layouts/embed.liquid'

Internal Links / Wikilinks

This plugin will now parse all Wiki Links formatted for example, [[Eleventy.js Interlink Plugin]] appears as Eleventy.js Interlink Plugin.

Using the vertical bar (|) you can change the text used to display a link. This can be useful when you want to work a link into a sentence without using the title of the file, for example: [[Eleventy.js Interlink Plugin|custom display text]] appears as custom display text.

NOTE: By default this plugin will use the title front-matter attribute of your pages or one of the aliases (as detailed below).


Aliases provide you a way of referencing a file using different names, use the aliases property in your font matter to list one or more aliases that can be used to reference the file from a Wiki Link. For example, you might add AI as an alias of a file titled Artificial Intelligence which would then be linkable via [[AI]].

Linking to Pagination generated pages

A common use of pagination in 11ty is pagination of an object or data file, by default these generated pages aren't included in the all pages collection and therefore are invisible to this plugin unless you set addAllPagesToCollections: true.

Once done you will also need to set the title of each generated page so that this plugin can reference them, that can be done with eleventyComputed for example:

  data: collections.lists
  size: 1
  alias: list
  addAllPagesToCollections: true
permalink: "{{ list.permalink }}"
folder: lists
  title: "{{ list.title }}"


Embedding files allows you to reuse content across your website while tracking what pages have used it.

To embed a file add an exclamation mark (!) in front of any wiki link for example: ![Artificial Intelligence]. The embedded file will be rendered using 11ty's Template Engine. If you have defined a default embedding layout through defaultLayout or the page being embedded has front matter keyed as layoutKey then the embed will be rendered wrapped with the discovered template.

For example, with the default layoutKey your front matter might look like:

embedLayout: 'layouts/bookmark-embed.liquid'

When embedding that page its data and content will be injected in to layouts/bookmark-embed.liquid, rendered and replace the embed declaration.

Inline Embeds

When rendering each embed this plugin will use the template engine as set on the file being embedded.

For most 11ty projects this defaults to liquid,md. The Markdown parser will wrap any inline html elements in a pair of <p> tags which may not be what you want to happen, especially if your using the embed inline within a paragraph of text. To overcome this you may define which template language(s) should be used to compile the embed layout by using front matter keyed as layoutTemplateLangKey.

For example, you might have a folder of bookmarks that you would like to embed into other pages as inline links, your bookmarks.11tydata.js might look like the following:

module.exports = {
  embedLayout: 'layouts/bookmark-embed.liquid',
  embedLayoutLanguage: 'liquid',

This will disable the Markdown parser for the defined embedLayout resulting in the correct behaviour for inline embeds.

Back Links

A backlink for a page is a link from another page to that page; this plugin tracks all backlinks through either embedding or internal wikilinks. This data is made available to your page via its backlinks data value.

You can then display this information in any way you would like, I use the below snippet the result of which you can see in most pages on PhotoGabble.

{% if backlinks.length > 0 %}
        <h3>Linking here</h3>
            {% for link in backlinks %}
                <li><a href="{{ link.url }}">{{ link.title }}</a></li>
            {% endfor %}
{% endif %}

Known Caveats

  • This plugin doesn't implement all Obsidians wikilink support for example linking to a block in a note and linking to a heading in a note is not currently supported by this plugin
  • Doesn't identify regular internal links e.g [Link](/some/file.md)
  • Only supports embedding one note inside another, no other Obsidian file embedding functionality is currently supported by this plugin


I'd like to add missing features that others might use from Obsidian.md. For example #WikiLinks that point to a heading within the destination and embeds that are able to reference a heading or block within the source document.

In addition, being able to add a node graph view to visually show interlinking would be cool!


This 11ty plugin is open-sourced software licensed under the MIT License

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npm i @photogabble/eleventy-plugin-interlinker

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