@otterstack/sanity-img-astro
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0.2.6 • Public • Published

@otterstack/sanity-img-astro

Successor to astro-sanity-picture.

An astro framework component for rendering responsive <img> elements for images fetched from Sanity. It will generate the elements with a srcset optimised for a range of resolutions and formats, using sanity's image API to serve the optimised images. Then you provide the sizes attribute, to ensure the browser delivers the ideal source. Refer to Responsive images - MDN for information on providing responsive images.

Then usage can be as simple as:

---
import SanityImg from "@otterstack/sanity-img-astro"
---
   <SanityImg
    src={myImage}
    sizes="(min-width:768px) 50vw, 100vw"
  /> 

Setup

Using the astro integration is optional. If used though, it will link it to the @sanity/astro addon so that you no longer need to specify an imageUrlBuilder, and also allow you to override default options.

First import it:

import sanityImg from "@otterstack/sanity-img-astro/integration";

and add it to astro.config.mjs after the sanity integration:

import { defineConfig } from "astro/config";
import svelte from "@astrojs/svelte";
import sanity from "@sanity/astro";
import sanityImg from "@otterstack/sanity-img-astro/integration";

export default defineConfig({
  integrations: [
    svelte(),
    sanity({
      projectId: "my-project-id",
      dataset: "my-dataset",
      useCdn: true,
    }),
    sanityImg({options: {auto: 'format'}}),
  ],
});

Usage

The key properties to provide for responsive images are:

  • src: Image from sanity data
  • sizes: Sizes string to allow browser to select ideal image from automatically generated srcset
---
import SanityImg from "@otterstack/sanity-img-astro"
---
   <SanityImg
    src={myImage}
    sizes="(min-width:768px) 50vw, 100vw"
  /> 

Additional properties are:

  • imageUrlBuilder: A Sanity Image url builder to use for this element. Only necessary if sanity integration is not used, and default is not set otherwise. Refer to setting defaults for how to set default.
  • widths: An array of widths to generate for srcset, or an autowidths struct { maxWidth: number; step: number; } to inform the component how to generate sources up to the image's original size
  • options: Additional options to pass to image builder

Additionally, the component extends the img element, and can accept any other props that img does, eg alt:

   <SanityImg
    src={myImage}
    sizes="(min-width:768px) 50vw, 100vw"
    alt="My Image"
  /> 

Fetching the image with groq

The component will work with images fetched with a simple groq query without fetching any image metadata, eg

const query = groq`*[_id == 'homePage'][0] {
     ...etc,
     myBackgroundImage,
     ...etc,
  }`

However the tag is able to optimise itself more, such as setting width and height attributes to reduce LCP, when the image metadata is fetched. To assist with this, you can use the image function.

import { image } from '@otterstack/sanity-img-astro'

const query = groq`*[_id == 'homePage'][0] {
  ...etc,
  ${image('myBackgroundImage')},
  ...etc
}`

Setting defaults for all components

As noted before, defaults can be provided with the astro integration, otherwise the function setSanityImgDefaults can be used. Defaults will be set across all components across all @otterstack packages:

---
import { setSanityImgDefaults } from "@otterstack/sanity-img-astro";

setSanityImgDefaults({ imageUrlBuilder: myImageUrlBuilder, options: {auto: "format" } })
---

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npm i @otterstack/sanity-img-astro

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