@northscaler/service-support

0.5.0 • Public • Published

@northscaler/service-support

Make services act like services!

Overview

A service layer has certain characteristics:

  • It is request/response in nature.
  • Its methods are usually coarse-grained.
  • Its methods never throw Errors; they return responses indicating failure.
  • Its methods accept & return data transfer objects (DTOs), that usually
    • are devoid of any behavior, and
    • contain portable data types only, making them amenable to serialization.
  • Its methods usually scope a complete unit of work (AKA transaction); as such, it is usually a transaction boundary.

These characteristics place a burden on developers, most of which is boilerplate code and can be automated.

This library provides

  • a ResponseStatus enum,
  • default Error & Date formatters,
  • helpful service method wrappers that take care of returning success & failure response objects,
  • a decorator that uses aforementioned method to allow for service methods to return conventional return values & throw exceptions that get translated to proper service responses, freeing developers from having to write such boilerplate code and ensuring errors don't leak past the service boundary.

TL;DR

Install @northscaler/service-support:

$ npm i --save @northscaler/service-support

Write a service class:

const { serviceMethod } = require('@northscaler/service-support').decorators
const { CodedError } = require('@northscaler/error-support')

const OopsyError = CodedError({ name: 'Oopsy' })

class AdditionService {
  @serviceMethod({ includeErrorStacks: process.env.NODE_ENV === 'production' })
  async add ({ a, b }) {
    if (typeof a !== 'number' || typeof b !== 'number') throw new OopsyError({
      msg: 'arguments not both numbers',
      cause: new Error('RTFM')
    })

    return a + b
  }
}

Observe service responses instead of return values or thrown Errors:

const service = new AdditionService()

console.log(JSON.stringify(service.add({a: 1, b: 2})), null, 2)
// logs:
// {
//   "data": 3,
//   "meta": {
//     "status": "SUCCESS",
//     "elapsedMillis": 1
//   }
// }

console.log(JSON.stringify(service.add({a: "1", b: 2})), null, 2)
// does not throw & logs:
// {
//   "error": {
//     "name": "Oopsy",
//     "message": "E_OOPSY: arguments not both numbers: RTFM",
//     "code": "E_OOPSY",
//     "cause": {
//       "name": "Error",
//       "message": "RTFM"
//     }
//   },
//   "meta": {
//     "status": "FAILURE",
//     "elapsedMillis": 1
//   }
// }

Enumerations

Import/require from enums.

  • DateFormat: convenient enum that includes a format method to format Dates.
  • ResponseStatus: indicates the outcome of a service method call, with values SUCCESS, FAILURE & PARTIAL (for bulk operations).

Service implementation helpers

Import/require from service.

  • extractDtoFromEntity: Extracts the state from a persistent entity. See docs for more information.
  • servicifyOutcomeOf: The actual advice used by the @serviceMethod decorator. See docs for more information.

Package Sidebar

Install

npm i @northscaler/service-support

Weekly Downloads

1

Version

0.5.0

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

1.23 MB

Total Files

89

Last publish

Collaborators

  • ballista-admin
  • npm_northscaler
  • npm_scispike
  • victorynap