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    Author message:

    Moved to @nimiq/hub-api


    0.4.0 • Public • Published

    Nimiq Accounts Manager

    The Accounts Manager (or Nimiq Accounts) provides a unified interface for all Nimiq accounts, addresses, and contracts. It is the primary UI for Nimiq users to manage their accounts and provides websites and apps with a concise API to interact with their users' Nimiq addresses.

    The Accounts Client library


    Include the AccountsClient JS library as a script tag in your page:

    <!-- From CDN -->
    <script src=""></script>
    <!-- or -->
    <script src=""></script>

    It can also be installed from NPM:

    npm install @nimiq/accounts-client
    # or with yarn 
    yarn add @nimiq/accounts-client

    Then import or require it in your module:

    import AccountsClient from '@nimiq/accounts-client';
    // or
    const AccountsClient = require('@nimiq/accounts-client');


    To start the client, just instantiate the class by passing it the URL of the Accounts Manager to connect to:

    // Connect to testnet
    const accountsClient = new AccountsClient('');
    // Connect to mainnet
    const accountsClient = new AccountsClient('');


    By default, the client opens a popup window for user interactions. On mobile devices, a new tab will be opened instead. For simplicity, we will always refer to popups throughout this documentation.

    Popups will be blocked if not opened within the context of an active user action. Thus, it is required that API methods are called synchronously within the context of a user action, such as a click. See example below.

    document.getElementById('checkoutButton').addEventListener('click', function(event){
        accountsClient.checkout(/* see details below */);

    For more details about avoiding popup blocking refer to this article.

    Using top-level redirects

    Note: To use redirects instead of popups, your app must run under a HTTPS domain!

    If you prefer top-level redirects instead of popups, you can pass an instance of RedirectRequestBehavior as a second parameter to either the AccountsClient initialization or to any API method:

    Note: The way to configure top-level redirects will change in an upcoming version of the Accounts Client!

    const redirectBehavior = new AccountsClient.RedirectRequestBehavior();
    // Pass the behavior as a second parameter to the AccountsClient
    const accountsClient = new AccountsClient(<url>, redirectBehavior);
    // Or pass it as a second parameter to any API method
    const result = accountsClient.checkout(<requestOptions>, redirectBehavior);

    The RedirectRequestBehavior accepts two optional parameters:

    The first is the return URL. If no return URL is specified, the current URL without parameters will be used.

    const redirectBehavior = new RedirectRequestBehavior('');

    The second optional parameter is a plain object you can use to store data until the request returns:

    const storedData = { foo: 'I am the state' };
    const redirectBehavior = new RedirectRequestBehavior(null, storedData);

    For details on how to listen for redirect responses and retrieve the stored data, see Listening for redirect responses.

    API Methods


    All API methods run asynchronously and thus return promises. Please keep in mind that promises can also be rejected for various reasons, e.g. when the user cancels the request by closing the popup window or clicking on a cancel button.

    An error can also occur when the request contains invalid parameters. The request promise will be rejected with an Error object.


    The checkout() method allows your site to request a transaction from the user. This will open a popup for the user to select the address to send from — or cancel the request. During the payment process, the signed transaction is sent (relayed) to the network but also returned to the caller, e.g. for processing in your site, storage on your server or re-submittal.

    const requestOptions = {
        // The name of your app, should be as short as possible.
        appName: 'Nimiq Shop',
        // [optional] The path to an image on the same origin as the request is sent
        // from, must be square and will be displayed with up to 146px width and hight.
        shopLogoUrl: '',
        // The human-readable address of the recipient (your shop/app).
        recipient: 'NQ07 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000',
        // [optional] Nimiq.Account.Type of the recipient.
        // Only required if the recipient is a vesting (1) or HTLC (2) contract.
        // Default: Nimiq.Account.Type.BASIC (0)
        //recipientType: Nimiq.Account.Type.HTLC,
        // Value of the transaction, in luna.
        value: 100 * 1e5, // 100 NIM
        // [optional] Transaction fee in luna.
        // Default: 0
        //fee: 138,
        // [optional] Extra data that should be sent with the transaction.
        // Type: string | Uint8Array | Nimiq.SerialBuffer
        // Default: new Uint8Array(0)
        //extraData: 'Hello Nimiq!',
        // [optional] Human-readable address of the sender.
        // If the address exists in the user's Accounts Manager, this parameter
        // forwards the user directly to the transaction-signing after the
        // balance check.
        // Default: undefined
        //sender: 'NQ07 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000',
        // [optional] Whether to force the submitted sender address
        // If this parameter is true, an exception is thrown when either the
        // submitted sender address does not exist or does not have sufficient
        // balance. When false, the user will be shown the address selector
        // for the above conditions instead.
        // (Only relevant in connection with the `sender` parameter)
        // Default: false
        //forceSender: true,
        // [optional] Nimiq.Transaction.Flag, only required if the transaction
        // creates a contract.
        // Default: Nimiq.Transaction.Flag.NONE (0)
        //flags: Nimiq.Transaction.Flag.CONTRACT_CREATION,
        // [optional] The duration (in number of blocks) that the signed transaction
        // should be valid for. The maximum is 120.
        // Default: 120
        //validityDuration?: number;
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const signedTransaction = await accountsClient.checkout(requestOptions);

    The checkout() method returns a promise which resolves to a SignedTransaction:

    interface SignedTransaction {
        serializedTx: string;                  // HEX signed and serialized transaction
        hash: string;                          // HEX transaction hash
        raw: {
            signerPublicKey: Uint8Array;       // Serialized public key of the signer
            signature: Uint8Array;             // Serialized signature of the signer
            sender: string;                    // Human-readable address of sender
            senderType: Nimiq.Account.Type;    // 0, 1, 2 - see recipientType above
            recipient: string;                 // Human-readable address of recipient
            recipientType: Nimiq.Account.Type; // 0, 1, 2 - see above
            value: number;
            fee: number;
            validityStartHeight: number;       // Automatically determined validity
                                               // start height of the transaction
            extraData: Uint8Array;
            flags: number;
            networkId: number;

    The serializedTx can be handed to a Nimiq JSON-RPC's sendRawTransaction method. The raw object can be handed to the NanoApi's relayTransaction method.

    Choose Address

    By using the chooseAddress() method, you are asking the user to select one of their addresses to provide to your website. This can be used for example to find out which address your app should send funds to.

    Note: This method should not be used as a login or authentication mechanism, as it does not provide any security that the user actually owns the provided address!

    The method takes a basic request object as its only argument, which must only contain the appName property:

    const requestOptions = {
        // The name of your app, should be as short as possible.
        appName: 'Nimiq Safe',
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const address = await accountsClient.chooseAddress(requestOptions);

    The request's result contains an address string as address and a label:

    interface Address {
        address: string;  // Human-readable address
        label: string;    // The address's label (name)

    Sign Transaction

    The signTransaction() method is similar to checkout, but provides a different UI to the user. The main difference to checkout() is that it requires the request to already include the sender's address as sender, as well as the transaction's validityStartHeight. The created transaction will only be returned to the caller, not sent to the network automatically.

    For brevity, most duplicate parameter explanations are omitted here, please refer to Checkout for more details.

    const requestOptions = {
        appName: 'Nimiq Safe',
        // Sender information
        sender: 'NQxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx',
        recipient: 'NQxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx',
        value: 100 * 1e5, // 100 NIM
        // Optional attributes, see checkout method for details
        //senderType: Nimiq.Account.Type.BASIC,
        //recipientType: Nimiq.Account.Type.BASIC,
        //fee: 0,
        //extraData: new Uint8Array(0),
        //flags: Nimiq.Transaction.Flag.NONE,
        // The transaction's validity start height.
        // A transaction is only valid for 120 blocks after its validityStartHeight.
        // Transactions with a validityStartHeight higher than <current network
        // block height + 1> are rejected and need to be sent again later during
        // their validity window.
        validityStartHeight: 123456,
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const signedTransaction = await accountsClient.signTransaction(requestOptions);

    The signTransaction() method returns a SignedTransaction. See Checkout for details.


    The signup() method creates a new account in the Accounts Manager. The user will choose an Identicon and optionally set a password.

    const requestOptions = {
        // The name of your app, should be as short as possible.
        appName: 'Nimiq Safe',
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const account = await accountsClient.signup(requestOptions);

    The signup() method returns a promise which resolves to an Account:

    interface Account {
        accountId: string;      // Automatically generated account ID
        label: string;          // The label (name) generated for the account
        type: WalletType;       // 1 for in-browser multi-address accounts,
                                // 2 for Ledger hardware accounts
        fileExported: boolean;  // These two flags signal if the user already
        wordsExported: boolean; // has the Login File or the recovery words
        addresses: Array<{      // During signup, only one address is added to the account
            address: string;    // Human-readable address
            label: string;      // The label (name) of the address


    The login() method allows the user to add an existing account to the Accounts Manager by importing their Login File, Recovery Words or old Account Access File. After an account has been imported, the Accounts Manager automatically detects active addresses following the BIP44 method.

    const requestOptions = {
        // The name of your app, should be as short as possible.
        appName: 'Nimiq Safe',
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const account = await accountsClient.login(requestOptions);

    The login() method returns a promise which resolves to an Account. Please see the result type for signup() for details.


    The onboard() method presents a choice menu between Signup, Login, and Connect Ledger to the user and is thus a general purpose onboarding method. Just like the direct methods, it only requires a simple request object:

    const requestOptions = {
        // The name of your app, should be as short as possible.
        appName: 'Nimiq Safe',
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const account = await accountsClient.onboard(requestOptions);

    Since onboard() is a wrapper around Signup, Login and Ledger, it also returns an Account result type. Please see the result type for signup() for details.


    The logout() method removes an account from the Accounts Manager. During the logout process, the user can export the Login File or Recovery Words before the account is deleted.

    const requestOptions = {
        // The name of your app, should be as short as possible.
        appName: 'Nimiq Safe',
        // The ID of the account that should be removed
        accountId: 'xxxxxxxx',
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const logoutResult = await accountsClient.logout(requestOptions);

    The logout() method returns a promise which resolves to a simple object containing the success property, which is always true:

    { success: true }


    Using the export() method, a user can retrieve the Login File or Recovery Words of an account.

    const requestOptions = {
        // The name of your app, should be as short as possible.
        appName: 'Nimiq Safe',
        // The ID of the account to export
        accountId: 'xxxxxxxx',
        // [optional] Limit the export flow to Login File download
        // Default: false,
        //fileOnly: true,
        // [optional] Limit the export flow to Recovery Words export
        // Default: false,
        //wordsOnly: true,
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const exportResult = await accountsClient.export(requestOptions);

    The export() method returns a promise which resolves to an object that contains flags for each export type:

    interface ExportResult {
        fileExported: boolean;
        wordsExported: boolean;

    Change Password

    With the changePassword() method, a user can change the password of an account:

    const requestOptions = {
        // The name of your app, should be as short as possible.
        appName: 'Nimiq Safe',
        // The ID of the account whose password should be changed
        accountId: 'xxxxxxxx',
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const result = await accountsClient.changePassword(requestOptions);

    The changePassword() method returns a promise which resolves to a simple object containing the success property, which is always true:

    { success: true }

    Add Address

    By using the addAddress() method, the user is able to derive and add an additional address to their account. The method returns the added address and its label.

    The method takes a simple request object as its argument:

    const requestOptions = {
        // The name of your app, should be as short as possible.
        appName: 'Nimiq Safe',
        // The ID of the account to which an address should be added
        accountId: 'xxxxxxxx',
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const address = await accountsClient.addAddress(requestOptions);

    The request's result contains an address string as address and a label:

    interface Address {
        address: string;  // Human-readable address
        label: string;    // The address's label (name)


    To rename a user's account or addresses, you can call the rename() method. The UI for the rename action always presents the given account and all its addresses to the user. By sending an optional address with the request, that address's label will be already pre-selected for the user.

    This method takes the following request object as its only argument:

    const requestOptions = {
        // The name of your app, should be as short as possible.
        appName: 'Nimiq Safe',
        // The ID of the account which should be renamed, or to which the
        // address, which should be renamed, belongs
        accountId: 'xxxxxxxx',
        // [optional] The human-readable address which should be pre-selected
        // for the user to be renamed
        address: 'NQxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx';
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const account = await accountsClient.rename(requestOptions);

    Since more than one label can be renamed during the rename request, the result contains the whole account, including all visible addresses. Please see the result type for signup() for details about the Account object.

    Sign Message

    To let the user sign an arbitrary message with any of their addresses, you can call signMessage() with the following request object. If you do not include a signer property, the user will be prompted to select an address from their available accounts. The message can be either a string or a Uint8Array byte array.

    const requestOptions = {
        // The name of your app, should be as short as possible.
        appName: 'Nimiq Safe',
        // The message to sign. Can either be string of valid UTF-8 or a
        // byte array to sign arbitrary data
        message: 'String to sign' || new Uint8Array([...]),
        // [optional] The human-readable address with which to sign
        // When not passed, an address selector will be displayed to the user.
        // Default: undefined,
        //signer: 'NQxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx';
    // All client requests are async and return a promise
    const signedMessage = await accountsClient.signMessage(requestOptions);

    The method returns a SignedMessage object containing the following properties:

    interface SignedMessage {
        signer: string;               // Userfriendly address
        signerPublicKey: Uint8Array;  // The public key of the signer
        signature: Uint8Array;        // Signature for the message

    Note: To prevent users from signing valid transactions or other blockchain-related proofs which could be used to impersonate them, the Nimiq Keyguard prefixes additional data to the message before signing. This prefix consists of

    • a 23 bytes prefix ('\x16Nimiq Signed Message:\n', available as AccountsClient.MSG_PREFIX)
    • the length of the message as a stringified number

    This data is then hashed with SHA256 before being signed. Together, this leads to the following data structure:

    sign( sha256( '\x16Nimiq Signed Message:\n' + message.length + message ) );

    Verifying a signed message could go like this:

    const signature = new Nimiq.Signature(signedMessage.signature);
    const publicKey = new Nimiq.PublicKey(signedMessage.signerPublicKey);
    // For string messages:
    const data = AccountsClient.MSG_PREFIX
               + message.length
               + message;
    const dataBytes = Nimiq.BufferUtils.fromUtf8(data);
    const hash = Nimiq.Hash.computeSha256(dataBytes);
    // Check signature against the hashed message
    const isValid = signature.verify(publicKey, hash);

    Listening for redirect responses

    If you configured the AccountsClient to use top-level redirects instead of popups, you need to follow the four steps below to specifically listen for the redirects from the Accounts Manager back to your site, using the on() method.

    Your handler functions will be called with two parameters: the result object and the stored data object as it was passed to the RedirectRequestBehavior during initialization.

    // 1. Initialize an Accounts Manager client instance
    const accountsClient = new AccountsClient(/* ... */);
    // 2. Define your handler functions
    const onSuccess = function(result, storedData) {
        console.log("Got result from Accounts Manager:", result);
        console.log("Retrieved stored data:": storedData);
    const onError = function(error, storedData) {
        console.log("Got error from Accounts Manager:", error);
        console.log("Retrieved stored data:": storedData);
    // 3. Listen for the redirect responses you expect
    accountsClient.on(AccountsClient.RequestType.CHECKOUT, onSuccess, onError);
    accountsClient.on(AccountsClient.RequestType.SIGN_TRANSACTION, onSuccess, onError);
    accountsClient.on(AccountsClient.RequestType.LOGIN, onSuccess, onError);
    // 4. After setup is complete, check for a redirect response

    The available RequestTypes, corresponding to the API methods, are:

    enum AccountsClient.RequestType {
        CHECKOUT = 'checkout',
        CHOOSE_ADDRESS = 'choose-address',
        SIGN_TRANSACTION = 'sign-transaction',
        SIGNUP = 'signup',
        LOGIN = 'login',
        ONBOARD = 'onboard',
        LOGOUT = 'logout',
        EXPORT = 'export',
        CHANGE_PASSWORD = 'change-password',
        ADD_ADDRESS = 'add-address',
        RENAME = 'rename',
        SIGN_MESSAGE = 'sign-message',

    Running your own Accounts Manager


    If you want to run your own instance of Accounts Manager, you also need to run an instance of the Keyguard.


    To get started with working on the source code, pull the code and install the dependencies:


    git clone
    cd accounts


    Compile and serve with hot-reload in the background for development:

    yarn run serve

    Compile and lint continuously in the background for development:

    yarn run build --watch

    Lint and fix files:

    yarn run lint

    Run unit tests:

    yarn run test


    Compile and minify for production:

    yarn run build


    The following values can be changed via configuration files:

    • keyguardEndpoint: The location of your keyguard instance.
    • network: The network you want to use. Possible values are 'main', 'test' and 'dev'. You can use the constants (see default configs).
    • networkEndpoint: The location of the network iframe instance you want to use.
    • privilegedOrigins: An array of origins with special access rights, nameley permission to use iframe methods like list().
    • redirectTarget: In case of empty referrer or absence of request, the user is redirected to this page.

    The default config file is config.local.ts. To use a different file (especially useful for deployment), set an environment variable build. E.g. export build='testnet' to use config.testnet.ts. To set environment variables permanently, please refer to your server's documentation, e.g. for Apache.


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