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9.5.0 • Public • Published

Neutrino ESLint Middleware

@neutrinojs/eslint is Neutrino middleware for linting source code using ESLint and eslint-loader.

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  • Node.js 10+
  • Yarn v1.2.1+, or npm v5.4+
  • Neutrino 9 and one of the Neutrino build presets
  • webpack 4
  • ESLint 6 or 7


@neutrinojs/eslint can be installed via the Yarn or npm clients. Inside your project, make sure @neutrinojs/eslint and eslint are development dependencies. You will also be using another Neutrino preset for building your application source code.


❯ yarn add --dev @neutrinojs/eslint eslint


❯ npm install --save-dev @neutrinojs/eslint eslint


@neutrinojs/eslint can be consumed from the Neutrino API, middleware, or presets. Require this package and plug it into Neutrino:

const eslint = require('@neutrinojs/eslint');

// Usage shows default values
    // Uses extensions from neutrino.options.extensions
    test: neutrino.regexFromExtensions(),
    include: [neutrino.options.source, neutrino.options.tests],
    exclude: [],
    eslint: {
      // For supported options, see:
      cache: true,
      // Downgrade errors to warnings when in development, to reduce the noise in
      // the webpack-dev-server overlay (which defaults to showing errors only),
      // and to also ensure hot reloading isn't prevented.
      emitWarning: process.env.NODE_ENV === 'development',
      // Make errors fatal for 'production' and 'test'.
      // However note that even when `false` webpack still fails the build:
      failOnError: process.env.NODE_ENV !== 'development',
      cwd: neutrino.options.root,
      useEslintrc: false,
      // Can be the name of a built-in ESLint formatter
      // or the module/path of an external one.
      formatter: 'codeframe',
      // The options under `baseConfig` correspond to those
      // that can be used in an `.eslintrc.*` file.
      baseConfig: {
        env: {
          es6: true,
        extends: [],
        globals: {
          process: true,
        overrides: [],
        parser: require.resolve('babel-eslint'),
        parserOptions: {
          ecmaVersion: 2018,
          sourceType: 'module',
        plugins: ['babel'],
        root: true,
        settings: {},
  • test: Test which files should be linted.
  • include: An array of paths to include in linting. Maps to webpack's Rule.include
  • exclude: An array of paths to exclude from linting. Maps to webpack's Rule.exclude
  • eslint: An object containing eslint-loader options, which includes options passed to ESLint's CLIEngine.

Exposing generated lint configuration via .eslintrc.js

@neutrinojs/eslint, provides an .eslintrc() output handler for generating the ESLint configuration in a format suitable for use in an .eslintrc.js file. This allows the ESLint CLI to be used outside of building the project, and for IDEs and text editors to provide linting hints/fixes.

Create a .eslintrc.js file in the root of the project, containing:

// .eslintrc.js
const neutrino = require('neutrino');

module.exports = neutrino().eslintrc();

This .eslintrc.js configuration will be automatically used when running the ESLint CLI. For convenience a lint script alias can be added to your package.json, allowing linting to be run via yarn lint or npm run lint:

  "scripts": {
    "lint": "eslint --cache --format codeframe --ext mjs,jsx,js src"

Projects may face a problem when their editor or IDE lints all files and highlights errors that were normally excluded from source, i.e. Neutrino's include and exclude options. This is because the ESLint CLI does not have a way to specify included and excluded files from the .eslintrc.js configuration. Instead you will need to create an .eslintignore file that controls which files should be excluded from linting.

Using your own .eslintrc.*

If instead you would prefer to use your own non-generated .eslintrc.* file, set useEslintrc to true. This will cause @neutrinojs/eslint to only set the loader-specific configuration defaults, and leave all other linting configuration to be managed by the standalone .eslintrc.* file.

For example:

    eslint: {
      // Use own `.eslintrc.*` file for configuration instead.
      useEslintrc: true,
// .eslintrc.js (or any of the other filetypes supported by ESLint)
module.exports = {
  // Configure as you would normally when not using Neutrino:
  root: true,
  extends: 'eslint-config-airbnb',
  parser: 'babel-eslint',
  settings: {
    // ...
  rules: {
    // ...


@neutrinojs/eslint creates some conventions to make overriding the configuration easier once you are ready to make changes.


The following is a list of rules and their identifiers which can be overridden:

Name Description NODE_ENV
lint By default, lints JS and JSX files from the src and test directories using ESLint. Contains a single loader named eslint. all


This middleware is part of the neutrino repository, a monorepo containing all resources for developing Neutrino and its core presets and middleware. Follow the contributing guide for details.

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