npm

npm’s 2019 JavaScript ecosystem survey analysis is now available!Get your copy here »

@nearform/sql

1.3.1 • Public • Published

SQL

A simple SQL injection protection module that allows you to use ES6 template strings for escaped statements. Works with pg, mysql and mysql2 library.

npm version build status js-standard-style

  1. Install
  2. Usage
    1. Linting
  3. Methods
    1. append
    2. glue
  4. How it works?
  5. Undefined values and nullable fields
  6. Testing, linting, & coverage
  7. Benchmark
  8. License

Install

npm install @nearform/sql

Usage

const SQL = require('@nearform/sql')
 
const username = 'user'
const email = 'user@email.com'
const password = 'Password1'
 
// generate SQL query
const sql = SQL`
  INSERT INTO users (username, email, password)
  VALUES (${username},${email},${password})
`
 
pg.query(sql) // execute query in pg
 
mysql.query(sql) // execute query in mysql
 
mysql2.query(sql) // execute query in mysql2

Linting

We recommend using eslint-plugin-sql to prevent cases in which the SQL tag is forgotten to be added in front of template strings. Eslint will fail if you write SQL queries without sql tag in front of the string.

`SELECT 1`
// fails - Message: Use "sql" tag
 
sql`SELECT 1`
// passes

Methods

append(statement[, options])

const username = 'user1'
const email = 'user1@email.com'
const userId = 1
 
const sql = SQL`UPDATE users SET name = ${username}, email = ${email} `
sql.append(SQL`SET ${dynamicName} = '2'`, { unsafe: true })
sql.append(SQL`WHERE id = ${userId}`)

glue(pieces, separator)

const username = 'user1'
const email = 'user1@email.com'
const userId = 1
 
const sql = SQL` UPDATE users SET `
 
const updates = []
updates.push(SQL`name = ${username}`)
updates.push(SQL`email = ${email}`)
 
sql.append(sql.glue(updates, ' , '))
sql.append(SQL`WHERE id = ${userId}`)

or also

const ids = [1, 2, 3]
const value = 'test'
const sql = SQL` UPDATE users SET property = ${value}`
 
const idsSqls = ids.map(id => SQL`${id}`)
 
sql.append(SQL`WHERE id IN (`)
sql.append(sql.glue(idsSqls, ' , '))
sql.append(SQL`)`)

Glue can also be used statically:

const ids = [1, 2, 3]
const idsSqls = ids.map(id => SQL`(${id})`)
SQL.glue(idsSqls, ' , ')

Glue can also be used to generate batch operations:

const users = [
  {id: 1, name: 'something'},
  {id: 2, name: 'something-else'},
  {id: 3, name: 'something-other'}
]
 
const sql = SQL`INSERT INTO users (id, name) VALUES `
 
sql.append(SQL.glue(users.map(user => SQL`(${user.id},${user.name}})`), ' , '))

How it works?

The SQL template string tag parses query and returns an objects that's understandable by pg library:

const username = 'user'
const email = 'user@email.com'
const password = 'Password1'
 
const sql = SQL`INSERT INTO users (username, email, password) VALUES (${username},${email},${password})` // generate SQL query
sql.text // INSERT INTO users (username, email, password) VALUES ($1 , $2 , $3) - for pg
sql.sql // INSERT INTO users (username, email, password) VALUES (? , ? , ?) - for mysql and mysql2
sql.values // ['user, 'user@email.com', 'Password1']

To help with debugging, you can view an approximate representation of the SQL query with values filled in. It may differ from the actual SQL executed by your database, but serves as a handy reference when debugging. The debug output should not be executed as it is not guaranteed safe. You can may also inspect the SQL object via console.log.

sql.debug // INSERT INTO users (username, email, password) VALUES ('user','user@email.com','Password1')
 
console.log(sql) // SQL << INSERT INTO users (username, email, password) VALUES ('user','user@email.com','Password1') >> 
 

Undefined values and nullable fields

Don't pass undefined values into the sql query string builder. It throws on undefined values as this is a javascript concept and sql does not handle it.

Sometimes you may expect to not have a value to be provided to the string builder, and this is ok as the coresponding field is nullable. In this or similar cases the recommended way to handle this is to coerce it to a null js value.

Example:

const user = { name: 'foo bar' }
 
const sql = SQL`INSERT into users (name, address) VALUES (${user.name},${user.address || null})`
sql.debug // INSERT INTO users (name, address) VALUES ('foo bar',null)

Testing, linting, & coverage

This module can be tested and reported on in a variety of ways...

npm run test            # runs tap based unit test suite. 
npm run test:security   # runs sqlmap security tests. 
npm run coverage        # generates a coverage report in docs dir. 
npm run lint            # lints via standardJS. 

Benchmark

Find more about @nearform/sql speed here

License

Copyright nearForm 2018. Licensed under Apache 2.0

Keywords

none

install

npm i @nearform/sql

Downloadsweekly downloads

972

version

1.3.1

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

collaborators

  • avatar
  • avatar
  • avatar
Report a vulnerability