1.0.3 • Public • Published

    WARNING: This is still experimental! We are using it internally, but haven't completed the test suite yet and the API surface may change. Use at your own risk!


    This 11ty plugin transforms <link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css"> tags in your rendered HTML into inlined, minified styles. It's meant to stay out of the way as much as possible to allow for whatever styling tools and dev setup you prefer.

    What it Does

    It checks all rendered HTML for known stylesheets and replaces the link element with a style tag with the contents of your CSS file.

    Because the plugin knows the rendered HTML and the supporting CSS, it is also able to leverage PurgeCSS and clean-css to shake out all unused selectors and minify the CSS. Both PurgeCSS and clean-css can be disabled in config if you only want CSS files to be loaded inline.

    Default Options

      input: '', // root directory for CSS files
      cleanCss: {}, // options passed to the `clean-css` constructor, or `false` to disable minification
      purgeCss: {}, // options passed to `PurgeCSS`'s `purge` function, or `false` to disable purging
      selector: 'link[rel="stylesheet"]' // selector used to find stylesheet tags that should be inlined

    NOTE: For the purgeCss options, the plugin will ignore options passed for content and css. These are always built to use the rendered HTML and CSS file.


    1. Install the Plugin

    npm i --save @navillus/eleventy-plugin-inline-css


    yarn add @navillus/eleventy-plugin-inline-css

    2. Add the Plugin to Eleventy Config

    // .eleventy.js
    const pluginInlineCss = require('@navillus/eleventy-plugin-inline-css')
    module.exports = function (eleventyConfig) {
        eleventyConfig.addPlugin(pluginInlineCss, {
            input: 'src/assets', // look for all stylesheets relative to `./src/assets`
            cleanCss: false, // disable clean-css
            purgeCss: {
              defaultExtractor: content => content.match(/[\w-/:]+(?<!:)/g) || [] // custom CSS extractor used for PurgeCSS

    3. Add Stylesheet Links to Your Templates

    In your template...

    <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/main.css">

    ...with the plugin's input set to src/assets and this CSS file saved at src/assets/css/main.css

    html, body {
      margin: 0;
      padding: 0;

    ...it will be rendered into


    4. Customize CSS Minification

    You can disable clean-css by setting the plugin's cleanCss option to false, or override the default options by setting cleanCss to an object instead. This options object is passed directly to the clean-css constructor, see the documentation for details on what is supported.

    5. Cusomize CSS Purging

    You can disable purgecss by setting the plugin's purgeCss option to false, or override the options sent to the purge function to an object instead. See the documentation for full details.

    Note that this plugin will always ignore content and css properties you provide via the purgeCss. These are always set to use the rendered HTML and CSS file found to purge unused selectors.

    Special Use Cases

    Only Inline Specific Stylesheets

    Larger projects can often get huge benefits by splitting CSS up by priority, with one CSS file that has styles for your site's shell and above-the-fold content and a larger CSS file for everything else.

    You can provide your own selector for this plugin to use when inlining styles. For example, for all stylesheets you want inlined you could add add a data-inline attribute and tell the plugin to only touch those files.

    In your template...

    <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/shell.css" data-inline>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/styles.css">

    ...and plugin config

    eleventyConfig.addPlugin(pluginInlineCss, {
      selector: 'link[rel="stylesheet"][data-inline]'

    ...will be rendered to

      /* contents of "css/shell.css" */
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/styles.css">


    npm i @navillus/eleventy-plugin-inline-css

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    • navillus-tech