@msimerson/stun

3.0.1 • Public • Published

stun

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Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN) server. Implements RFC5389 with partial support RFC5766, RFC5245, RFC5780.

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Install

npm i stun

Usage

const stun = require('stun');

stun.request('stun.l.google.com:19302', (err, res) => {
  if (err) {
    console.error(err);
  } else {
    const { address } = res.getXorAddress();
    console.log('your ip', address);
  }
});

// or with promise

const res = await stun.request('stun.l.google.com:19302');
console.log('your ip', res.getXorAddress().address);

CLI

$ npm i -g stun
$ stun # started on udp/0.0.0.0:3478

API

createMessage(type: number [, transaction: Buffer]): StunRequest

Creates an StunRequest object of the specified type with random transaction field. The type argument is a number that should be a message type. See constants below.

createTransaction(): Buffer

Create transaction id for STUN message. Follow RFC5389.

createServer(options: Object): StunServer

  • options.type: string

The type of socket. Must be 'udp4' or 'udp6'. Required.

  • options.socket: dgram.Socket

Creates a StunServer object of the specified type. The type argument should be 'udp' at the moment. An optional socket argument should be instance of dgram.Socket. If socket is not specified, the dgram.Socket will be created with udp4 type and will bound to the "all interfaces" address on a random port.

validateFingerprint(message: StunMessage): bool

Check a FINGERPRINT attribute if it is specified.

validateMessageIntegrity(message: StunMessage, key: string): bool

Check a MESSAGE_INTEGRITY attribute if it is specified.

stunServer.on('bindingResponse', (msg) => {
  if (!stun.validateFingerprint(msg)) {
    // do stuff..
  }

  if (!stun.validateMessageIntegrity(msg, icePassword)) {
    // do stuff...
  }
});

request(url: string, [options: RequestOptions], callback: function): void

request(url: string, [options: RequestOptions]): Promise

Create a request STUN_BINDING_REQUEST to stun server, follow RFC5389. The first argument may be a host (stun.example.com), host with port (stun.example.com:1234) or host with port and protocol (stun://stun.example.com:1234). By default, port is 3478.

All options described below are optional.

  • options.server: StunServer - A stun server to receive responses.
  • options.socket: dgram.Socket - A UDP socket over which the message will be send.
  • options.message: StunMessage - A STUN_BINDING_REQUEST message to send.
  • options.timeout: number - Initial retransmission timeout (RTO) in ms, default is 500ms.
  • options.maxTimeout: number- Maximal RTO, default is infinity.
  • options.retries: number - Maximal the number of retries, default is 6

The last argument is a function with 2 arguments err and res. It's follow nodejs callback style. The second argument is instance of StunMessage.

encode(message: StunMessage): Buffer

Encode StunRequest or StunResponse into the Buffer.

decode(message: Buffer): StunResponse

Decode the Buffer into a StunResponse.

const socket = dgram.createSocket({ type: 'udp4' });

socket.on('message', (message) => {
  const response = stun.decode(message);
  // do stuff ...
});

class StunMessage

The StunMessage class is an utility that encapsulates the STUN protocol. This is a base class for StunRequest and StunResponse.

  • get type
  • get transactionId

Returns the type and transactionId fields from the current message.

  • isLegacy(): bool

Returns true if the message confirms to RFC3489 rather than RFC5389.

  • getAttribute(type): StunAttribute

Returns the StunAttribute attribute of the specified type. The type argument is a number that should be an attribute type. See constants below. Return undefined if attribute is not exist.

N.B. This method return only first matched attribute. If you want to get another one, try this:

const attributes = Array.from(stunMessage).filter(
  (attribute) => attribute.type === STUN_ATTR_MAPPED_ADDRESS
);
  • get count: number

Returns the number of an attributes in the current message.

class StunRequest

The StunRequest encapsulates outgoing messages of the STUN protocol. Instances of the StunRequest can be created using the createMessage().

  • setType(type)

Set the type of the message. The type argument is a number that should be a message type. See constants below.

  • setTransactionId(transaction: Buffer): bool

Set the transaction id of the message. The transaction argument should be a Buffer and have length 12 bytes.

  • addAttribute(type, address: string, port: number)

Adds a type attribute to the current message. The type argument should be one of:

  • STUN_ATTR_MAPPED_ADDRESS
  • STUN_ATTR_ALTERNATE_SERVER
  • STUN_ATTR_XOR_MAPPED_ADDRESS
  • STUN_ATTR_RESPONSE_ORIGIN
  • STUN_ATTR_OTHER_ADDRESS
  • STUN_ATTR_XOR_PEER_ADDRESS
  • STUN_ATTR_XOR_RELAYED_ADDRESS.
stunMsg.addAttribute(STUN_ATTR_XOR_MAPPED_ADDRESS, '8.8.8.8', 19302);
  • addAttribute(type, value: String|Buffer[, encoding: string = 'utf8'])

Adds a type attribute to the current message. The type argument should be one of:

  • STUN_ATTR_USERNAME
  • STUN_ATTR_REALM
  • STUN_ATTR_NONCE
  • STUN_ATTR_SOFTWARE
  • STUN_ATTR_ORIGIN
  • STUN_ATTR_USE_CANDIDATE
  • STUN_ATTR_ICE_CONTROLLED
  • STUN_ATTR_ICE_CONTROLLING
  • STUN_ATTR_DATA
  • STUN_ATTR_EVEN_PORT
  • STUN_ATTR_RESERVATION_TOKEN
  • STUN_ATTR_DONT_FRAGMENT
  • STUN_ATTR_PADDING.
stunMsg.addAttribute(STUN_ATTR_SOFTWARE, 'node/8.2.0 stun/1.0.0');
  • addAttribute(type, value: number)

Adds a type attribute to the current message. The type argument should be one of:

  • STUN_ATTR_RETRANSMIT_COUNT
  • STUN_ATTR_PRIORITY
  • STUN_ATTR_NETWORK_INFO
  • STUN_ATTR_NOMINATION
  • STUN_ATTR_CHANNEL_NUMBER
  • STUN_ATTR_LIFETIME
  • STUN_ATTR_REQUESTED_TRANSPORT
  • STUN_ATTR_CHANGE_REQUEST
  • STUN_ATTR_RESPONSE_PORT.
stunMsg.addAttribute(STUN_ATTR_PRIORITY, 123);
  • addAttribute(type, value: array<number>)

Adds a type attribute to the current message. The type argument should be STUN_ATTR_UNKNOWN_ATTRIBUTES.

stunMsg.addAttribute(STUN_ATTR_UNKNOWN_ATTRIBUTES, [2, 3, 4]);
  • addAttribute(type, code: number, reason: string)

Adds a type attribute to the current message. The type argument should be STUN_ATTR_ERROR_CODE.

stunMsg.addAttribute(STUN_ATTR_ERROR_CODE, STUN_CODE_UNAUTHORIZED, STUN_REASON_UNAUTHORIZED);
  • addAddress(ip: string, port: number): StunAddressAttribute

Adds a MAPPED-ADDRESS attribute to the message.

See RFC5389

  • addAlternateServer(ip: string, port: number): StunAddressAttribute

Adds a ALTERNATE-SERVER attribute to the message.

See RFC5389

  • addXorAddress(ip: string, port: number): StunXorAddressAttribute

Adds a XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS attribute to the message.

See RFC5389

  • addUsername(username: string): StunByteStringAttribute

Adds a USERNAME attribute to the message.

See RFC5389

  • addRealm(realm: string): StunByteStringAttribute

Adds a REALM attribute to the message.

See RFC5389

  • addNonce(nonce: string): StunByteStringAttribute

Adds a NONCE attribute to the message.

See RFC5389

  • addSoftware(software: string): StunByteStringAttribute

Adds a SOFTWARE attribute to the message.

See RFC5389

  • addUnknownAttributes(attributes: number[]): StunUInt16ListAttribute

Adds a UNKNOWN-ATTRIBUTES attribute to the message.

See RFC5389

  • addError(code: number, reason: string): StunErrorCodeAttribute

Adds a ERROR-CODE attribute to the message.

See RFC5389

  • addPriority(priority: number): StunUInt32Attribute

Adds a PRIORITY attribute to the message.

See RFC8445

  • addUseCandidate(): StunByteStringAttribute

Adds a USE-CANDIDATE attribute to the message.

See RFC8445

  • addIceControlled(tiebreaker: Buffer): StunByteStringAttribute

Adds a ICE-CONTROLLED attribute to the message.

See RFC8445

  • addIceControlling(tiebreaker: Buffer): StunByteStringAttribute

Adds a ICE-CONTROLLING attribute to the message.

See RFC8445

  • removeAttribute(type): bool

Remove a type attribute from the current message. Returns true if an attribute was removed. The type argument is a number that should be an attribute type. See constants below.

  • addMessageIntegrity(key: string)

Adds a MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute that is valid for the current message. The key is the HMAC key used to generate the cryptographic HMAC hash.

  • addFingerprint()

Adds a FINGERPRINT attribute that is valid for the current message.

  • toBuffer(): Buffer

Converts a StunMessage object to the buffer.

class StunServer

The StunServer class is an EventEmitter that encapsulates a STUN server.

  • new StunServer(socket: dgram.Socket)

Creates a new StunServer object. The socket argument should be an instance of dgram.Socket. The incoming message is silently ignored when it is not a stun one.

  • send(message: StunMessage, port: number, address: string[, cb: function])

Sends the StunMessage message on the socket. The destination port and address must be specified. An optional callback function will be called when the message has been sent.

  • close()

Stops the processing of the incoming messages and emits close event.

  • listen(port: number, [address: string], [callback: function()])

Attempt to listen for messages on a named port and optional address. For UDP servers calls socket.bind under the hood.

  • Event: bindingRequest

Emitted when the STUN_BINDING_REQUEST message is available on a socket.

  • Event: bindingIndication

Emitted when the STUN_BINDING_INDICATION message is available on a socket.

  • Event: bindingResponse

Emitted when the STUN_BINDING_RESPONSE message is available on a socket.

  • Event: bindingError

Emitted when the STUN_BINDING_ERROR_RESPONSE message is available on a socket.

  • Event: close

Emitted when the server closes.

  • Event: error

Emitted when the server got an invalid message.

  • Event: listening

The 'listening' event is emitted whenever a socket begins listening for messages.

class StunAttribute

The StunAttribute class is an utility for adding an attributes to the StunMessage message.

  • get type

Returns the attribute type. See constants below.

  • get value

Returns the value of the attribute. It depends on the value type of the attribute.

stunMsg.getAttribute(STUN_ATTR_USERNAME).value; // string
stunMsg.getAttribute(STUN_ATTR_PRIORITY).value; // number
stunMsg.getAttribute(STUN_ATTR_MAPPED_ADDRESS).value; // object

constants: object

These are the types of STUN messages defined in RFC5389:

  • STUN_BINDING_REQUEST
  • STUN_BINDING_INDICATION
  • STUN_BINDING_RESPONSE
  • STUN_BINDING_ERROR_RESPONSE

These are the event names for STUN messages above:

  • STUN_EVENT_BINDING_REQUEST
  • STUN_EVENT_BINDING_INDICATION
  • STUN_EVENT_BINDING_RESPONSE
  • STUN_EVENT_BINDING_ERROR_RESPONSE

These are the types of STUN messages defined in RFC5766:

  • STUN_ALLOCATE_REQUEST
  • STUN_ALLOCATE_RESPONSE
  • STUN_ALLOCATE_ERROR_RESPONSE
  • STUN_REFRESH_REQUEST
  • STUN_REFRESH_RESPONSE
  • STUN_REFRESH_ERROR_RESPONSE
  • STUN_SEND_INDICATION
  • STUN_DATA_INDICATION
  • STUN_CREATE_PERMISSION_REQUEST
  • STUN_CREATE_PERMISSION_RESPONSE
  • STUN_CREATE_PERMISSION_ERROR_RESPONSE
  • STUN_CHANNEL_BIND_REQUEST
  • STUN_CHANNEL_BIND_RESPONSE
  • STUN_CHANNEL_BIND_ERROR_RESPONSE

Thsese are all known STUN attributes, defined in RFC5389 and elsewhere:

  • STUN_ATTR_MAPPED_ADDRESS
  • STUN_ATTR_USERNAME
  • STUN_ATTR_MESSAGE_INTEGRITY
  • STUN_ATTR_ERROR_CODE
  • STUN_ATTR_UNKNOWN_ATTRIBUTES
  • STUN_ATTR_REALM
  • STUN_ATTR_NONCE
  • STUN_ATTR_XOR_MAPPED_ADDRESS
  • STUN_ATTR_SOFTWARE
  • STUN_ATTR_ALTERNATE_SERVER
  • STUN_ATTR_FINGERPRINT
  • STUN_ATTR_ORIGIN
  • STUN_ATTR_RETRANSMIT_COUNT
  • STUN_ATTR_PRIORITY
  • STUN_ATTR_USE_CANDIDATE
  • STUN_ATTR_ICE_CONTROLLED
  • STUN_ATTR_ICE_CONTROLLING
  • STUN_ATTR_NOMINATION
  • STUN_ATTR_NETWORK_INFO
  • STUN_ATTR_CHANNEL_NUMBER
  • STUN_ATTR_LIFETIME
  • STUN_ATTR_XOR_PEER_ADDRESS
  • STUN_ATTR_DATA
  • STUN_ATTR_XOR_RELAYED_ADDRESS
  • STUN_ATTR_EVEN_PORT
  • STUN_ATTR_REQUESTED_TRANSPORT
  • STUN_ATTR_DONT_FRAGMENT
  • STUN_ATTR_RESERVATION_TOKEN
  • STUN_ATTR_CHANGE_REQUEST
  • STUN_ATTR_PADDING
  • STUN_ATTR_RESPONSE_PORT
  • STUN_ATTR_RESPONSE_ORIGIN
  • STUN_ATTR_OTHER_ADDRESS

These are the types of STUN error codes defined in RFC5389 and elsewhere:

  • STUN_CODE_TRY_ALTERNATE
  • STUN_CODE_BAD_REQUEST
  • STUN_CODE_UNAUTHORIZED
  • STUN_CODE_UNKNOWN_ATTRIBUTE
  • STUN_CODE_STALE_CREDENTIALS
  • STUN_CODE_STALE_NONCE
  • STUN_CODE_SERVER_ERROR
  • STUN_CODE_GLOBAL_FAILURE
  • STUN_CODE_ROLE_CONFLICT
  • STUN_CODE_FORBIDDEN
  • STUN_CODE_ALLOCATION_MISMATCH
  • STUN_CODE_WRONG_CREDENTIALS
  • STUN_CODE_UNSUPPORTED_PROTOCOL
  • STUN_CODE_ALLOCATION_QUOTA
  • STUN_CODE_INSUFFICIENT_CAPACITY

These are the strings for the error codes above:

  • STUN_REASON_TRY_ALTERNATE
  • STUN_REASON_BAD_REQUEST
  • STUN_REASON_UNAUTHORIZED
  • STUN_REASON_UNKNOWN_ATTRIBUTE
  • STUN_REASON_STALE_CREDENTIALS
  • STUN_REASON_STALE_NONCE
  • STUN_REASON_SERVER_ERROR
  • STUN_REASON_ROLE_CONFLICT
  • STUN_REASON_FORBIDDEN
  • STUN_REASON_ALLOCATION_MISMATCH
  • STUN_REASON_WRONG_CREDENTIALS
  • STUN_REASON_UNSUPPORTED_PROTOCOL
  • STUN_REASON_ALLOCATION_QUOTA
  • STUN_REASON_INSUFFICIENT_CAPACITY

class StunError

Base class for all generated errors.

  • get packet: Buffer|StunMessage

Received data.

  • get sender: object

For UDP, this is an rinfo attribute.

class StunMessageError

The STUN server may receive invalid messages. This error class represent ones. Inherits from StunError.

  • get packet: Buffer

See above.

class StunResponseError

This class represent protocol level errors, for messages with class type ERROR. Inherits from StunError.

  • get packet: StunMessage

See above.

License

MIT, 2017-2019 (c) Dmitriy Tsvettsikh

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