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    @micro-os-plus/startup

    5.2.0 • Public • Published

    license CI on Push

    A source library xPack with the µOS++ portable startup code for bare-metal platforms

    This project provides the startup source library as an xPack dependency and includes a portable startup code for bare-metal platforms.

    The myth that startup code must be written in assembly because 'the C environment is not ready' is not exactly right, and, with some care to avoid undefined behaviour, can be overcome.

    The 'C environment' is mainly the stack (and maybe other architecture ABI registers, like GP on RISC-V), and this can be set in a short assembly entry code and then the standard _start() function can be safely called.

    The project is hosted on GitHub as micro-os-plus/startup-xpack.

    Maintainer info

    This page is addressed to developers who plan to include this source library into their own projects.

    For maintainer info, please see the README-MAINTAINER file.

    Install

    As a source library xPack, the easiest way to add it to a project is via xpm, but it can also be used as any Git project, for example as a submodule.

    Prerequisites

    A recent xpm, which is a portable Node.js command line application.

    For details please follow the instructions in the xPack install page.

    xpm

    Note: the package will be available from npmjs.com at a later date.

    For now, it can be installed from GitHub:

    cd my-project
    xpm init # Unless a package.json is already present
    
    xpm install github:micro-os-plus/startup-xpack

    When ready, this package will be available as @micro-os-plus/startup from the npmjs.com registry:

    cd my-project
    xpm init # Unless a package.json is already present
    
    xpm install @micro-os-plus/startup@latest
    
    ls -l xpacks/micro-os-plus-startup

    Git submodule

    If, for any reason, xpm is not available, the next recommended solution is to link it as a Git submodule below an xpacks folder.

    cd my-project
    git init # Unless already a Git project
    mkdir -p xpacks
    
    git submodule add https://github.com/micro-os-plus/startup-xpack.git \
      xpacks/micro-os-plus-startup

    Branches

    Apart from the unused master branch, there are two active branches:

    • xpack, with the latest stable version (default)
    • xpack-develop, with the current development version

    All development is done in the xpack-develop branch, and contributions via Pull Requests should be directed to this branch.

    When new releases are published, the xpack-develop branch is merged into xpack.

    Developer info

    Overview

    This source xPack provides the _startup() routine, as a replacement for the newlib code in crt0.o or GCC code in crtbegin.o.

    It is responsible for clearing the BSS, copying the DATA section, and running the static constructors.

    Specific for bare-metal applications, the code also perform hardware initialisations, by calling custom hooks.

    Status

    The startup source library is fully functional.

    C++ API

    • none

    C API

    This library defines a C function that can be called from the reset handler.

    void __attribute__ ((noreturn, weak))
    _start (void);

    Optionally it can define:

    #if defined(MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_EXIT)
    
    void __attribute__ ((weak, noreturn))
    abort (void);
    
    void __attribute__ ((noreturn))
    exit (int code);
    
    void __attribute__ ((weak, noreturn))
    _Exit (int code);
    
    void __attribute__ ((weak, noreturn, alias ("_Exit")))
    _exit (int status);
    
    #endif // MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_EXIT

    and also:

    #if defined(MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_SBRK)
    
    void*
    _sbrk (ptrdiff_t incr);
    
    #endif // defined(MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_SBRK)

    Hooks

    The

    #if defined(MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_STARTUP_INITIALIZE_HARDWARE_EARLY)
    
    void
    micro_os_plus_startup_initialize_hardware_early (void);
    
    #endif // MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_STARTUP_INITIALIZE_HARDWARE_EARLY
    
    #if defined(MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_STARTUP_INITIALIZE_HARDWARE)
    
    void
    micro_os_plus_startup_initialize_hardware (void);
    
    #endif // MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_STARTUP_INITIALIZE_HARDWARE
    
    // A weak definition is provided here.
    void
    micro_os_plus_startup_initialize_free_store (void* heap_address,
                                                  size_t heap_size_bytes);
    
    // A weak definition is provided here. The RTOS redefines it.
    // Called from _Exit().
    void
    micro_os_plus_terminate_goodbye (void);
    
    // Must be defined by the device package.
    void __attribute__ ((noreturn))
    micro_os_plus_terminate (int code);

    Build & integration info

    The project is written in C++, and it is expected to be used in C and C++ projects.

    The source code was compiled with GCC 11, clang 12, clang 13 arm-none-eabi-gcc 11, riscv-none-elf-gcc 12, and should be warning free.

    To ease the integration of this package into user projects, there are already made CMake and meson configuration files (see below).

    For other build systems, consider the following details:

    Include folders

    The following folders should be passed to the compiler during the build:

    • include

    The header files to be included in user projects are:

    #include <micro-os-plus/startup/hooks.h>

    Source files

    The source files to be added to the build are:

    • src/startup.cpp

    Preprocessor definitions

    • MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_CONFIG_H - to include <micro-os-plus/config.h>
    • MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_STARTUP - to include the startup code
    • MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_STARTUP_INITIALIZE_HARDWARE_EARLY
    • MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_STARTUP_INITIALIZE_HARDWARE
    • MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_STARTUP_INIT_MULTIPLE_RAM_SECTIONS
    • MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_SBRK
    • MICRO_OS_PLUS_INCLUDE_EXIT
    • MICRO_OS_PLUS_BOOL_STARTUP_GUARD_CHECKS=false

    Compiler options

    • -std=c++20 or higher for C++ sources
    • -std=c11 for C sources

    C++ Namespaces

    • none

    C++ Classes

    • none

    Dependencies

    • the @micro-os-plus/diag/trace package, for the tracing features

    CMake

    To integrate the startup source library into a CMake application, add this folder to the build:

    add_subdirectory("xpacks/micro-os-plus-startup")`

    The result is an interface library that can be added as an application dependency with:

    target_link_libraries(your-target PRIVATE
    
      micro-os-plus::startup
    )

    meson

    To integrate the startup source library into a meson application, add this folder to the build:

    subdir('xpacks/micro-os-plus-startup')

    The result is a dependency object that can be added to an application with:

    exe = executable(
      your-target,
      link_with: [
        # Nothing, not static.
      ],
      dependencies: [
        micro_os_plus_startup_dependency,
      ]
    )

    Examples

    TBD

    Known problems

    • none

    Tests

    TBD

    Change log - incompatible changes

    According to semver rules:

    Major version X (X.y.z | X > 0) MUST be incremented if any backwards incompatible changes are introduced to the public API.

    The incompatible changes, in reverse chronological order, are:

    • v4.x: use newlib linker script definitions
    • v3.x: rename MICRO_OS_PLUS_DEBUG
    • v2.x: rename namespaces, use MICRO_OS_PLUS_ prefix
    • v1.x: initial release

    License

    The original content is released under the MIT License, with all rights reserved to Liviu Ionescu.

    Install

    npm i @micro-os-plus/startup

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    3

    Version

    5.2.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    50.9 kB

    Total Files

    12

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • ilg