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    10.2.0 • Public • Published

    Koa Middleware

    npm github docs Codecov CircleCI

    Koa middleware suite and server bootstrapper.


    Wires up configuration to dependencies and creates a production ready Koa server will a full middleware stack. Uses confit for configuration and Awilix for dependency injection.

    Koa applications built with this package focus on business logic, not boilerplate: simply provide a set of dependencies, their configuration, and the Koa routes for handling requests.

    A minimal example is provided in server.js.


    All middleware is enabled by default, but may be disabled or configured as needed: see Config and Middleware for full middleware documentation.

    Additionally, a standalone healthy middleware is provided for API health endpoints.

    The default middleware stack includes custom middleware and third party middleware (explicitly linked below).

    • responseTime: Set x-response-time header.
    • requestId: Pass along x-request-id header.
    • logger: Log all requests and inject a scoped logger into context. (Uses koa-logger in development).
    • error: Error handling with Boom.
    • dependencyInjection: Register scoped reqId and log for each request.
    • helmet: Security middleware.
    • cors: Enable CORS.
    • conditionalGet: Conditional GET support.
    • etag: Add ETag to response.
    • favicon: Serve a default favicon.
    • metrics: Serve Prometheus metrics.
    • robots: Serve /robots.txt.
    • ping: Serve liveliness check at /ping.
    • ready: Serve readiness check at /ready.
    • health: Check health at /health.
    • status: Serve health status at /status.
    • root: Serve package.json at /.


    Add this as a dependency to your project using npm with

    $ npm install awilix koa @meltwater/mlabs-koa

    or using Yarn with

    $ yarn add awilix koa @meltwater/mlabs-koa


    See the complete API documentation and working examples.

    Bootstrap and start a server.

    This assumes createDependencies is provided by your application along with a config folder The specification for createDependencies and valid configuration files is described in the API documentation. A full example is provided in server.js.

    import path from 'path'
    import createServer from '@meltwater/mlabs-koa'
    import { createDependencies } from '../lib'
    if (require.main === module) {
      const configPath = path.resolve(__dirname, 'config')
      const { configFactory, run } = createServer({configPath, createDependencies})

    Development Quickstart

    $ git clone
    $ cd mlabs-koa
    $ nvm install
    $ yarn

    Run each command below in a separate terminal window:

    $ yarn run watch
    $ yarn run test:watch

    Development and Testing

    Source code

    The mlabs-koa source is hosted on GitHub. Clone the project with

    $ git clone


    You will need Node.js with npm, Yarn, and a Node.js debugging client.

    Be sure that all commands run under the correct Node version, e.g., if using nvm, install the correct version with

    $ nvm install

    Set the active version for each shell session with

    $ nvm use

    Install the development dependencies with

    $ yarn


    CircleCI should already be configured: this section is for reference only.

    The following environment variables must be set on CircleCI:

    • NPM_TOKEN: npm token for installing and publishing packages.
    • NPM_TEAM: npm team to grant read-only package access (format org:team, optional).
    • CODECOV_TOKEN: Codecov token for uploading coverage reports (optional).

    These may be set manually or by running the script ./.circleci/

    Development tasks

    Primary development tasks are defined under scripts in package.json and available via yarn run. View them with

    $ yarn run

    Production build

    Lint, test, and transpile the production build to dist with

    $ yarn run dist
    Publishing a new release

    Release a new version using npm version. This will run all tests, update the version number, create and push a tagged commit, and trigger CircleCI to publish the new version to npm.

    • Update the CHANGELOG before each new release after version 1.
    • New versions are released when the commit message is a valid version number.
    • Versions are only published on release branches: master branch or any branch matching ver/*.
    • If branch protection options are enabled, you must first run npm version on a separate branch, wait for the commit to pass any required checks, then merge and push the changes to a release branch.
    • Do not use the GitHub pull request button to merge version commits as the commit tagged with the new version number will not match after merging.


    See the full documentation on using examples.

    View all examples with

    $ yarn run example


    Linting against the JavaScript Standard Style and JSON Lint is handled by gulp.

    View available commands with

    $ yarn run gulp --tasks

    Run all linters with

    $ yarn run lint

    In a separate window, use gulp to watch for changes and lint JavaScript and JSON files with

    $ yarn run watch

    Automatically fix most JavaScript formatting errors with

    $ yarn run format


    Unit and integration testing is handled by AVA and coverage is reported by Istanbul and uploaded to Codecov.

    • Test files end in .spec.js.
    • Unit tests are placed under lib alongside the tested module.
    • Integration tests are placed in test.
    • Static files used in tests are placed in fixtures.

    Watch and run tests on changes with

    $ yarn run test:watch

    If using AVA snapshot testing, update snapshots with

    $ yarn run test:update

    Generate a coverage report with

    $ yarn run report

    An HTML version will be saved in coverage.

    Debugging tests

    Create a breakpoint by adding the statement debugger to the test and start a debug session with, e.g.,

    $ yarn run test:inspect lib/middleware/error.spec.js

    Watch and restart the debugging session on changes with

    $ yarn run test:inspect:watch lib/middleware/error.spec.js


    The author and active contributors may be found in package.json,

    $ jq .author < package.json
    $ jq .contributors < package.json

    To submit a patch:

    1. Request repository access by submitting a new issue.
    2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature).
    3. Make changes and write tests.
    4. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature').
    5. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature).
    6. Create a new Pull Request.


    This npm package is licensed under the MIT license.


    This software is provided by the copyright holders and contributors "as is" and any express or implied warranties, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are disclaimed. In no event shall the copyright holder or contributors be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary, or consequential damages (including, but not limited to, procurement of substitute goods or services; loss of use, data, or profits; or business interruption) however caused and on any theory of liability, whether in contract, strict liability, or tort (including negligence or otherwise) arising in any way out of the use of this software, even if advised of the possibility of such damage.


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