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@medley/router

0.2.1 • Public • Published

@medley/router

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A high-performance URL router for JavaScript/Node.js.

Features

  • Currently the fastest JavaScript router implementations out there (see benchmarks)
  • Supports multiple routes with the same prefix as dynamic routes (see here for details)
  • Only handles routing the URL, so it’s very flexible for building features on top of it
    • e.g. This makes it easy to support 405 Method Not Allowed responses

Installation

npm install @medley/router
# or 
yarn add @medley/router

API

new Router([options])

  • options (object) - Optional object that may have any of the following options:
    • storeFactory (function) - Called when a new route is registered to create the route store.
      • Default: () => Object.create(null)

Constructs a new router instance.

const Router = require('@medley/router');
const router = new Router();

Use the storeFactory option to customize the route store object.

const Router = require('@medley/router');
 
const router = new Router({
  storeFactory() {
    return { handlers: new Map(), middlewares: [] };
  }
});
 
const store = router.register('/');
console.log(store); // { handlers: Map {}, middlewares: [] }

router.register(path)

  • path (string) - The route path.
  • Returns: object - The route store.

Registers a route and returns the route store object.
If the route path has already been registered, the route store is simply returned.

const Router = require('@medley/router');
const router = new Router();
 
const store = router.register('/users/:id');
console.log(store); // [Object: null prototype] {}

HTTP example:

const Router = require('@medley/router');
const router = new Router();
 
function addRoute(method, path, handler) {
  const store = router.register(path);
  store[method] = handler;
}
 
addRoute('GET', '/', () => { /* ... */});
addRoute('GET', '/users', () => { /* ... */});
addRoute('POST', '/users', () => { /* ... */});

Path Formats

1. Static

Static routes match exactly the path provided.

/
/about
/api/login
2. Parametric

Path segments that begin with a : denote a parameter and will match anything up to the next / or to the end of the path.

/users/:userID
/users/:userID/posts
/users/:userID/posts/:postID

Everything after the : character will be the name of the parameter in the route params object.

router.register('/users/:userID');
 
const route = router.find('/users/100');
console.log(route.params); // { userID: '100' }

If multiple routes have a parameter in the same part of the route, the parameter names must be the same. For example, registering the following two routes would be an error because the :id and :userID parameters conflict with each other:

/users/:id
/users/:userID/posts

Parameters may start anywhere in the path. For example, the following are valid routes:

'/api/v:version' // Matches '/api/v1'
'/on-:event'     // Matches '/on-click'
3. Wildcard

Routes that end with a * are wildcard routes. The * will match any characters in the rest of the path, including / characters or no characters.

For example, the following route:

/static/*

will match all of these URLs:

/static/
/static/favicon.ico
/static/js/main.js
/static/css/vendor/bootstrap.css

The wildcard value will be set in the route params object with '*' as the key.

router.register('/static/*');
 
let route = router.find('/static/favicon.ico');
console.log(route.params); // { '*': 'favicon.ico' }
 
route = router.find('/static/');
console.log(route.params); // { '*': '' }

router.find(url)

  • url (string) - The URL used to find a matching route.
  • Returns: ({store: object, params: object} | null) - The route store and matching parameters, or null if the URL did not match any registered routes.

Finds a route that matches the provided URL. Returns null if no route matches the URL.

const Router = require('@medley/router');
const router = new Router();
 
function addRoute(method, path, handler) {
  const store = router.register(path);
  store[method] = handler;
}
 
addRoute('GET', '/', () => {});
addRoute('GET', '/users', () => {});
addRoute('POST', '/users', () => {});
addRoute('GET', '/users/:id', () => {});
addRoute('GET', '/static/*', () => {});
 
router.find('/');
// {
//   store: { GET: [Function] },
//   params: {}
// }
 
router.find('/users');
// {
//   store: { GET: [Function], POST: [Function] },
//   params: {}
// }
 
router.find('/users/100');
// {
//   store: { GET: [Function] },
//   params: { id: '100'}
// }
 
router.find('/static/js/common.js');
// {
//   store: { GET: [Function] },
//   params: { '*': 'js/common.js' }
// }
 
router.find('/not-defined');
// null

Path Match Order

This router allows different types of routes with the same prefix to overlap. Overlapping routes will match in the following order:

  1. Static
  2. Parametric
  3. Wildcard

For example, with the following routes defined:

/static/favicon.ico
/static/:hash/webpack/*
/static/*

incoming URLs will be matched like this:

'/static/favicon.ico'
// Matches '/static/favicon.ico'
 
'/static/00a8b09d8ef/webpack/runtime.js'
'/static/00a8b09d8ef/webpack/css/common.css'
// Matches '/static/:hash/webpack/*'
 
'/static/vendor/css/bootstrap.css'
'/static/images/header.jpg'
// Matches '/static/*'

Install

npm i @medley/router

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

0

Version

0.2.1

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

17.7 kB

Total Files

4

Last publish

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