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    @mcaskill/sass-mq

    6.0.0 • Public • Published
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    Media Queries with superpowers Build Status

    mq()+ is a Sass library that helps you compose media queries in an elegant way.

    If you already use @kaelig's mixin, you know how to use MQ+.

    This fork provides various, often much-requested, enhancements over the original mixin.

    Features

    👋 Note: This fork matches the same version tags of the original package.

    • Moved core operations from the mixin to a function
    • This separation allows media queries to be chained through the $and and new $or parameters
    • Added a $range-feature parameter to allow media queries to target a different feature (device dimensions, aspect ratios, color, and resolution)

    See breaking changes to the API.

    A variant of the mixin using Jacket, for rasterization, can be found here: mj().

    Here is a very basic example:

    @use 'mq' as * with (
      $breakpoints: (
        mobile: 320px,
        tablet: 740px,
        desktop: 980px,
        wide: 1300px,
      )
    );
    
    .foo {
      @include mq($from: mobile, $until: tablet) {
        background: red;
      }
      @include mq($from: tablet, $or: mq($until: mobile)) {
        background: green;
      }
      @include mq($from: 600px, $range-feature: height) {
        font-size: 1.25em;
      }
    }

    Compiles to:

    @media (min-width: 20em) and (max-width: 46.24em) {
      .foo {
        background: red;
      }
    }
    @media (min-width: 46.25em), (max-width: 19.99em) {
      .foo {
        background: green;
      }
    }
    @media (min-height: 37.5em) {
      .foo {
        font-size: 125em;
      }
    }

    How to use it

    👋 Note: This library will assume you are familiar with the original mixin and Dart Sass.

    1. Install:

      • with Bower: bower install mcaskill-sass-mq@6 --save
      • with npm: npm install @mcaskill/sass-mq@6 --save
      • with yarn: yarn add @mcaskill/sass-mq@6

      OR Download _mq.scss into your Sass project.

    2. Import the partial in your Sass files and override default settings with your own preferences:

    // Name your breakpoints in a way that creates a ubiquitous language
    // across team members. It will improve communication between
    // stakeholders, designers, developers, and testers.
    $breakpoints: (
      mobile: 320px,
      tablet: 740px,
      desktop: 980px,
      wide: 1300px,
      // Tweakpoints
      desktopAd: 810px,
      mobileLandscape: 480px,
    );
    
    // If you want to display the currently active breakpoint in the top
    // right corner of your site during development, add the breakpoints
    // to this list, ordered by width. For examples: (mobile, tablet, desktop).
    $show-breakpoints: (mobile, mobileLandscape, tablet, desktop, wide);
    
    @use 'path/to/mq' with (
      $breakpoints: $breakpoints,
      $show-breakpoints: $show-breakpoints,
      $range-feature: height
    );

    Breaking changes

    While the original mixin takes up to five parameters, the enhanced mixin and function take up to seven parameters which changes the position of the last two parameters:

      @mixin mq(
        $from: false,                   // One of the mapped breakpoints
        $until: false,                  // One of the mapped breakpoints
        $and: false,                    // Additional media query parameters
    +   $or: false,                     // Alternate media query parameters
    +   $range-feature: $range-feature  // Media range feature (width, height…)
        $media-type: $media-type,       // Media type (screen, print…)
        $breakpoints: $breakpoints      // Map of breakpoints
      )

    Responsive mode

    mq() takes up to four optional parameters:

    • $from: inclusive min-* boundary
    • $until: exclusive max-* boundary
    • $and: additional custom directives
    • $or: alternate custom directives

    Note that $until as a keyword is a hard limit i.e. it's breakpoint - 1.

    @use 'mq';
    
    .responsive {
      // Apply styling to mobile and upwards
      @include mq.mq($from: mobile) {
        color: red;
      }
      // Apply styling up to devices smaller than tablets (exclude tablets)
      @include mq.mq($until: tablet) {
        color: blue;
      }
      // Same thing, in landscape orientation
      @include mq.mq($until: tablet, $and: '(orientation: landscape)') {
        color: hotpink;
      }
      // Apply styling to tablets up to desktop (exclude desktop)
      @include mq.mq(tablet, desktop) {
        color: green;
      }
    }

    Adding custom breakpoints

    @include add-breakpoint(tvscreen, 1920px);
    
    .hide-on-tv {
      @include mq(tvscreen) {
        display: none;
      }
    }

    Seeing the currently active breakpoint

    While developing, it can be nice to always know which breakpoint is active. To achieve this, set the $show-breakpoints variable to be a list of the breakpoints you want to debug, ordered by width. The name of the active breakpoint and its pixel and em values will then be shown in the top right corner of the viewport.

    // Adapt the list to include breakpoint names from your project
    $show-breakpoints: (phone, phablet, tablet);
    
    @use 'path/to/mq' with (
      $show-breakpoints: $show-breakpoints
    );

    $show-breakpoints

    Changing range feature

    If you want to specify a range feature, for example to write breakpoints for height first, set $range-feature:

    SCSS

    @use 'mq' with (
      $range-feature: height
    );
    
    .hero {
      @include mq.mq(mobile) {
        height: 300px;
      }
    }

    CSS output

    @media screen and (max-height: 19.99em) {
      .hero {
        height: 300px;
      }
    }

    Changing media type

    If you want to specify a media type, for example to output styles for screens only, set $media-type:

    SCSS

    @use 'mq' with (
      $media-type: screen
    );
    
    .screen-only-element {
      @include mq.mq(mobile) {
        width: 300px;
      }
    }

    CSS output

    @media screen and (max-width: 19.99em) {
      .screen-only-element {
        width: 300px;
      }
    }

    Implementing sass-mq in your project

    Please see the examples folder which contains a variety of examples on how to implement "sass-mq"

    Backward compatibility with @import

    Just in case you need to have backward compatibility and want to use@import instead of @use, you can do so by importing _mq.import.scss instead of _mq.scss.

    Please see legacy.scss on examples folder.

    Running tests

    npm test

    Generating the documentation

    Sass MQ is documented using SassDoc.

    Generate the documentation locally:

    sassdoc .

    Generate & deploy the documentation to https://mcaskill.github.io/sass-mq/:

    npm run sassdoc

    Sass MQ was crafted in-house at the Guardian and is improved upon by many contributors.

    Thank you to @kaelig, @sndrs, @area73, and contributors for the original mixin.

    ❤️

    Install

    npm i @mcaskill/sass-mq

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    78

    Version

    6.0.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    22.5 kB

    Total Files

    6

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • mcaskill