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    @maspling/vue-msal

    3.0.1 • Public • Published

    vue-msal

    Wrapper of MSAL.js (Microsoft Authentication Library) for usage in Vue.

    The vue-msal library enables client-side vue applications, running in a web browser, to authenticate users using Azure AD work and school accounts (AAD), Microsoft personal accounts (MSA) and social identity providers like Facebook, Google, LinkedIn, Microsoft accounts, etc. through Azure AD B2C service. It also enables your app to access Microsoft Cloud services such as Microsoft Graph.

    Installation

    Add the vue-msal dependency to your project using yarn or npm.

    npm install vue-msal
    or
    yarn add vue-msal

    Vue Usage

    Use the plugin in your vue instance like this

    import msal from 'vue-msal'
    
    Vue.use(msal, {
        auth: {
          clientId: '<YOUR CLIENT ID HERE>'
        }
    });
    
    new Vue({
      //... vue options
    })

    Nuxt Usage

    Add a new javascript file like msal.js under /plugins/ directory with the following content

    Note: you should add Vue as a second argument to the constructor if you want to add the global mixin automatically with the framework.globalMixin option. Check the mixin section below for more information

    import Vue from 'vue' //import Vue if you want to use the framework.globalMixin option
    import MSAL from 'vue-msal'
    
    export default ({ app, error, $axios }, inject) => {
      inject('msal', new MSAL(
        {
          auth: {
            clientId: '<YOUR CLIENT ID HERE>'
          }
        }, Vue /* [optional] should be passed as an argument if you want to the framework.globalMixin option*/
      ))
    }

    Then include it to the plugins array in nuxt.config.js like this

    export default {
        plugins: [
            //...
            '@/plugins/msal'
            //...
        ]
    }

    This will make the $msal object available in both the vue instances and the context. For example you can access it in the context of a middleware via the app object like this:

    export default function ({ app, route, error }) {
      // If the user is not authenticated and he's not in the /login page throw Error
      if (!app.$msal.isAuthenticated() && route.name !== 'login') {
        error({ statusCode: 401, message: 'Unauthorized' });
      }
    }

    Plugin usage

    When the plugin is initialized it exposes its context to vm.$msal (where vm refers to the Vue's scope) so you can, for example, call the signIn method like this:

    new Vue({
        //...
        created() {
            if (!this.$msal.isAuthenticated()) {
                this.$msal.signIn();
            }
        }
    });

    List of functions

    • signIn(): Start the sign-in process manually

    Note: you can also start the process automatically in case the user needs to be authorized in all pages by setting the option auth.requireAuthOnInitialize to true. Check the Auth Configuration Options below for more details

    • signOut(): Sign out an authorized user
    • isAuthenticated(): Returns true if the user has been authenticated and false otherwise.

    Note: This function should not be used for reactivity. In order to watch whether the user is authenticated or not you should use the mixin data properties below.

    • acquireToken(): Acquire an access token manually.

    Note: This will also run automatically after the user's successful authentication using the default permissions defined in the auth.scopes property of the configuration options. You should however run this manually in case you want to get an access token with more permissions than the default, by adding the new request options as an argument, like this
    acquireToken({scopes: ["user.read", "another.permission"]})
    Check the Request Configuration Options below for more details

    • msGraph(endpoints[,batchUrl]): Manually call the MS Graph API using the acquired access token.

    Note: Read the Calling MS Graph section for more details

    • saveCustomData(key, data): You can use this function to add custom data to the selected cache location (set with cache.cacheLocation in the configuration options), that will be automatically deleted when the user signs out or his access token expires. This should be used, for example, to store any user related data fetched from another API.

    Note: You can read this data without reactivity from the data object or with reactivity by watching the msal.custom property of the mixin's data object

    The data object

    You can access the data object that contains all of the user related data using the $msal.data object which is available in nuxt's context. However in case you want reactivity for this data, it is recomended that you use the mixin method below.

    The properties provided in the data object are the following:

    • isAuthenticated: Is true if the user has been successfully authenticated and false otherwise.
    • accessToken: The authenticated user's access token
    • user: The user's data provided as a response by the authentication's API call
    • graph: The data provided as a response by the MS Graph API call that runs on initialization when the graph.callAfterInit option is set to true. Check the Calling MS Graph section for more details
    • custom: Whatever data you have saved using the saveCustomData(key, data) function call. (Check the relevant section in the plugin's function list above for more details)

    Mixin

    All user related data can be exposed via a mixin in the msal data property so that you can have access to it like you would normally access any of the component's data properties with reactivity.

    Notice that the dollar sign ($) is missing here. While this.$msal refers to the plugin's exposed object, this.msal refers to the mixin's data object. Be careful not to confuse these two.

    So for example you can do this:

    <div id="demo">
        <div v-if="user">
            <div>Welcome {{user.name}}</div>
            <div v-if="user.profile.jobTitle">Your job title is {{user.profile.jobTitle}}</div>
            <div><button @click="$msal.signOut()">logout</button></div>
        </div>
        <div v-else>
            Please sign-in
            <button @click="$msal.signIn()"></button>
        </div>
    </div>
    
    <script>
    //Importing the mixin locally (omit the following line if you are using the 'framework.globalMixin' option)
    import { msalMixin } from 'vue-msal'; 
    
    new Vue({
        el: '#demo',
        //Importing the mixin locally (omit the following line if you are using the 'framework.globalMixin' option)
        mixins: [msalMixin],
        computed: {
            user() {
              let user = null;
              if (this.msal.isAuthenticated) { // Note that the dollar sign ($) is missing from this.msal
                user = {
                  ...this.msal.user,
                  profile: {}
                }
                if (this.msal.graph && this.msal.graph.profile) {
                    user.profile = this.msal.graph.profile
                }
              }
              return user;
            }
        }
    });
    </script>

    Note: In case you want to import the mixin globally instead of importing it to specific vue instances you can do so by simply setting the framework.globalMixin to true in the Framework Configuration Options. This will automatically add the mixin to all vue instances so that you have out-of-the-box access to the msal object. In nuxt you must also add the Vue object as an argument to the plugin's initialization for this to work. Check the nuxt usage section for details.

    Calling MS Graph

    You can directly call the MS Graph API for a logged-in user, with the following methods.

    Manually calling the MS Graph

    In order to manually call the MS Graph API you can use the $msal.msGraph(endpoints[,batchUrl]) function that will automatically use the access token set for the logged in user.

    This function receives the following arguments:

    • endpoints: [required] This can be either a single value for a single request to the API, or an array of values for a batch request to the API. Each value can be either:
      • An object containing the following properties:
        • url: [required] This can either be:
          • A Full URL (starting with 'http...') in case of a single request (this is invalid for batch requests)
          • The URI part (i.e. /me), which must be used for batch requests but can also be used for single requests (in which case the full URL will be composed using the value of graph.baseUrl option from the Graph Configuration Options as the Base URL).
        • id: [optional] setting this to a string will result to returning a keyed object instead of an array containing the responses of a batch request. This property is ignored for single requests.
        • Any other optional property from the Axios Request Configuration
      • A string containing only the url (following the same rules as the url property of the object type argument)
    • batchUrl: [optional] using this argument you can set a custom URL for this batch call. If this is not set the graph.baseUrl option from the Graph Configuration Options will be used as the Batch URL. This argument is ignored for single requests.

    The response of this call depends on the arguments passed to it.

    • For a single request, it returns the response object (with properties: status, headers, body)
    • For a batch request:
      • with an array of URIs passed as strings in the endpoints argument, it will return an array of response objects that match the URI's index.
      • with an array of objects containing an id, it will return an object keyed with those ids containing the response object.

    Example usage:

    new Vue({
        //...
        async mounted() {
            let result;
            result = await app.$msal.msGraph('https://www.example.com/1.0/me');
            // Single request at: https://www.example.com/1.0/me
            // Returns: { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> }
            result = await app.$msal.msGraph('/me');
            // Single request at: graph.baseUrl + '/me'
            // Returns: { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> }
            await app.$msal.msGraph(['/me', '/me/messages']);
            // Batch request at: graph.baseUrl for endpoints '/me' & '/me/messages'
            // Returns: [
            //      { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> },
            //      { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> }
            // ]
            await app.$msal.msGraph(['/me', '/me/messages'], 'https://www.custom-msgraph-url.com');
            // Batch request at: 'https://www.custom-msgraph-url.com' for endpoints '/me' & '/me/messages'
            // Returns: [
            //      { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> },
            //      { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> }
            // ]
            await app.$msal.msGraph([{ url: '/me'}, { url: '/me/photo/$value', responseType: 'blob' }]);
            // Batch request at: graph.baseUrl for endpoints '/me' & '/me/photo/$value'
            // Returns: [
            //      { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> },
            //      { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> }
            // ]
            await app.$msal.msGraph([{ url: '/me', id: 'profile'}, { url: '/me/photo/$value', id: 'photo', responseType: 'blob' }]);
            // Batch request at: graph.baseUrl for endpoints '/me' & '/me/photo/$value'
            // Returns: {
            //      profile: { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> },
            //      photo: { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> }
            // }
            await app.$msal.msGraph(['/me', { url: '/me/photo/$value', id: 'photo', responseType: 'blob' }]);
            // Batch request at: graph.baseUrl in endpoints '/me' & '/me/photo/$value'
            // Returns: {
            //      0: { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> },
            //      photo: { status: <number>, headers: <object>, body: <object> }
            // }
        }
    });

    Automatically calling the MS Graph on initialization

    You can also call the MS Graph API on initialization (in case the user is logged-in) by setting the graph.callAfterInit option to true in the Graph Configuration Options.

    You can assign the endpoints to be called in an object with keys like this:

    {
        // Configuration options
        graph: {
          callAfterInit: true,
          endpoints: {
            // ...
            // 'key' : endpoint
            // ...
            profile: '/me',
            photo: { url: '/me/photo/$value', responseType: 'blob', force: true }
          }
        }
    }

    This will create an object with the body of each result assigned to its respective key. You can get the result in vm.msal.graph data object (using the mixin) or in vm.$msal.data.graph. The results are also cached to the storage you have selected (see cache options) unless the force option has been set to true in an endpoint (see bellow). The endpoints that can be passed as a value to that object can have any of the formats described in the manual call. However the object format can also have two extra properties:

    • batchUrl: [optional] If this option is set to a URL string, the endpoint will be grouped with any other endpoints that have the same batchUrl and the actual call to the API will be a batch call. You can also set this to 'default' (as a string) in which case it will be executed as a batch request to the URL set in graph.baseUrl option in graph configuration;
    • force: [optional] If this is set to true, the result of this endpoint will not be read from / written to the cache. All other endpoints that don't have this option set to true will be cached, but this will be executed on every initialization. You should use this option for any result that cannot be encoded to JSON (like a blob for example).

    General notes

    OAuth 2.0 and the Implicit Flow

    Msal implements the Implicit Grant Flow, as defined by the OAuth 2.0 protocol and is OpenID compliant.

    Our goal is that the library abstracts enough of the protocol away so that you can get plug and play authentication, but it is important to know and understand the implicit flow from a security perspective. The implicit flow runs in the context of a web browser which cannot manage client secrets securely. It is optimized for single page apps and has one less hop between client and server so tokens are returned directly to the browser. These aspects make it naturally less secure. These security concerns are mitigated per standard practices such as- use of short lived tokens (and so no refresh tokens are returned), the library requiring a registered redirect URI for the app, library matching the request and response with a unique nonce and state parameter.

    Please check this article for details on how to enable implicit grant flow for your project

    Cache Storage

    We offer two methods of storage for Msal, localStorage and sessionStorage. Our recommendation is to use sessionStorage because it is more secure in storing tokens that are acquired by your users, but localStorage will give you Single Sign On across tabs and user sessions. We encourage you to explore the options and make the best decision for your application.

    Configuration Options

    Configuration options are organized into groups like this

    Vue.use(msal, {
        auth: { //Group
            clientId: '<YOUR CLIENT ID HERE>', //Option 1
            tenantId: '<YOUR TENANT ID HERE>', //Option 2
            //...
        },
        request: { //Group
            //...
        },
        cache: { //Group
            //...
        },
        system: { //Group
            //...
        },
        framework: { //Group
            //...
        },
    });

    auth options (*Required)

    Option Type Description
    clientId string *Required. The clientID of your application, you should get this from the application registration portal.
    tenantId string This is an identifier representing the sign-in audience. Can be:
    common: - Used to sign in users with work and school accounts or a Microsoft personal account.
    organizations - Used to sign in users with work and school accounts.
    consumers - Used to sign in users with only personal Microsoft account (live)
    or <Tenant ID> from Azure AD.
    Default: common
    tenantName string This is is the identity provider domain.
    Default:login.microsoftonline.com
    validateAuthority boolean Validate the issuer of tokens. For B2C applications, since the authority value is known and can be different per policy, the authority validation will not work and has to be set to false.
    Default: true
    redirectUri string | (() => string) The redirect URI of your app, where authentication responses can be sent and received by your app. It must exactly match one of the redirect URIs you registered in the portal.
    Default: window.location.href.
    postLogoutRedirectUri string | (() => string) Redirects the user to postLogoutRedirectUri after sign out.
    Default: redirectUri (the previous option)
    navigateToLoginRequestUrl boolean Ability to turn off default navigation to start page after login.
    Default: true
    requireAuthOnInitialize boolean Setting this to true will automatically require authentication right after the plugin has been initialized
    Default: false
    autoRefreshToken boolean When a token expires, if this is set to:
    false the plugin will set the accessToken to an empty string
    true the plugin will automatically attempt to renew the token
    Note: Expiration time includes the tokenRenewalOffsetSeconds value set in System Options
    Default: true
    onAuthentication (ctx, error, response) => any Callback function to be executed after authentication request.
    Function's arguments are:
    ctx - the msal class's context (vm.$msal)
    error - request error (=null if request was successful)
    response - request's result (=null if request was unsuccessful)
    onToken (ctx, error, response) => any Callback function to be executed after token request.
    Function's arguments are:
    ctx - the msal class's context (vm.$msal)
    error - request error (=null if request was successful)
    response - request's result (=null if request was unsuccessful)
    beforeSignOut (ctx) => any Callback function to be executed before manual sign out.
    Function's arguments are:
    ctx - the msal class's context (vm.$msal)

    request options

    Option Type Description
    scopes string[] An array of strings representing the scopes that will be used for the Sign In request and the default Acquire Token request
    Default: ["user.read"]

    graph options

    Option Type Description
    callAfterInit boolean Setting this to true will automatically call vm.$msal.callMSGraph() once the user has been authenticated.
    Default: false
    endpoints object Please check the endpoint options in the Automatically calling the MS Graph on initialization section.
    Default: {profile: '/me'}
    baseUrl string The default URL to be used when no full URL is set in single requests or no batch URL is set in batch requests.
    Default: 'https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0'
    onResponse (ctx, response) => any Callback function called when a response has been received from the graph call. Function's arguments are:
    ctx - the msal class's context (vm.$msal)
    response - the graph call's response

    cache options

    Option Type Description
    cacheLocation "localStorage" | "sessionStorage" Sets browser storage to either localStorage or sessionStorage.
    Default: localstorage
    storeAuthStateInCookie boolean This flag was introduced in MSAL.js v0.2.2 as a fix for the authentication loop issues on Microsoft Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge. Set this flag to true to take advantage of this fix. When this is enabled, MSAL.js will store the auth request state required for validation of the auth flows in the browser cookies.
    Default: true

    system options

    Option Type Description
    logger Logger object A Logger object with a callback instance that can be provided by the developer to consume and publish logs in a custom manner. For details on passing logger object, see logging with msal.js.
    loadFrameTimeout number The number of milliseconds of inactivity before a token renewal response from Azure AD should be considered timed out.
    Default: 6000.
    tokenRenewalOffsetSeconds number The number of milliseconds which sets the window of offset needed to renew the token before expiry.
    Default: 300.

    framework options

    Option Type Description
    globalMixin boolean Setting this to true will add a mixin with the msal data object to ALL vue instances. Check the Mixin section for more information
    Default: false

    Major (breaking) changes

    (2.x.x) to (3.x.x): Added timer for automatically changing the accessToken on expiration

    (1.x.x) to (2.x.x): Changed the methods used for accessing the MS Graph API

    License

    MIT License

    Copyright (c) Marios Vertopoulos

    Install

    npm i @maspling/vue-msal

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    2

    Version

    3.0.1

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    139 kB

    Total Files

    29

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • maspling