@magic/cli

0.0.46 • Public • Published

@magic/cli

declarative cli sanitization and execution for @magic

sanitizes cli flags from aliases to default names

rewrites process.argv accordingly

provides autogenerated --help output (that can be customized)

handles commands and environment.

v0.0.11+:

ecmascript modules only. no commonjs support.

html-docs

NPM version Linux Build Status Windows Build Status Coverage Status Greenkeeper badge Known Vulnerabilities

dependencies:

@magic/log, @magic/cases and @magic/types have no dependencies.

install

be in a node ecmascript module project.

npm i --save-dev --save-exact @magic/cli

caveats

there are some quirks that need some careful consideration when designing a cli api depending on your requirements, these caveats should seldomly apply.

last argument

if your last argument does not have a corresponding flag, it will still be assigned to the last flag prior to it.

command name overload

if one of your options gets an argument that is equal to a command, this command will be executed

flag name overload

cli arguments that start with a - will always be treated as flags, not values.

those issues might get addressed in the future.

Usage

first, define the cli file

// ./bin.mjs
import { cli } from '@magic/cli'

const res = cli({
  commands: [['cmd1', 'cmd1alias'], 'cmd2'],
  options: [
    ['--flag1', '-f1'],
    ['--flag2', '-f2'],
  ],
  default: {
    '--default-key': 'default-value',
  },
  required: ['--default-key'],
  single: ['--default-key'],
  env: [[['--production', '--prod', '--p', '-p'], 'NODE_ENV', 'production']],
  pure: true, // do neither change process.argv nor process.env
  pureArgv: true, // do not change process.argv
  pureEnv: true, // do not change process.env
})

console.log(res)

options / argv

argv mappings handle options and option aliases

using the cli file above

./bin.mjs -f1 arg1 arg2 -f2

resulting process.argv:

process.argv = [
  '/path/to/bin/node',
  '/path/to/bin.mjs',
  'cmd1',
  '--flag1'
  'arg1',
  'arg2',
  '--flag2',
]

logged javascript object

{
  argv: { '--flag1': ['arg1', arg2], '--flag2': [] },
  args: { flag1: ['arg1', 'arg2'], flag2: [] },
  // ... other fields
}

commands

cli commands will be handled too.

// call
./bin.js cmd1

// results:
{
  commands: { cmd1: true },
  // ... other fields
}

help output

@magic/cli will parse your configuration and create a help text based on it.

simple help message

// ./bin.mjs

import cli from '@magic/cli'

const args = {
  commands: [['magic', 'm']],
  options: [['--spell', '-s']],
  env: [[['dev', 'development'], 'NODE_ENV', 'development']],
  help: 'custom help text',
}

const argv = cli(args)

then run ./bin.mjs without arguments

./bin.mjs

// help output
`
@magic/cli wrapped cli.

custom help text

cli commands
magic - aliases: ["m"]


possible command line flags:
--spell - aliases: ["-s"]

environment switches:
dev: set NODE_ENV to development - aliases ["development"]
`

detailed help message

the help property will accept an object which maps to the args object

import cli from '@magic/cli'

const args = {
  commands: [['magic', 'm']],
  options: [['--spell', '-s']],
  env: [[['dev', 'development'], 'NODE_ENV', 'development']],
  prepend: 'prepend',
  append: 'append',
  help: {
    name: 'cli name',
    text: 'custom help text',
    commands: {
      magic: 'magic info help text',
    },
    options: {
      '--spell': 'cast a simple spell',
    },
    env: ['dev', 'set environment to development'],
  },
}

const argv = cli(args)

// running
./bin.js
// without arguments

// help output
`
cli name

custom help text

commands:
magic - aliases: ["m"]

flags:
--spell - aliases: ["-s"]

environment switches:
dev: set process.NODE_ENV to development - aliases ["development"]
`

clean

some cli arguments will be expected to return a string instead of a list of arguments.

this can be achieved using the single array

const args = {
  options: [['--single', '-s']],
  single: ['--single'],
}

const res = cli(args)

console.log(res)

required

some cli arguments will be required.

this can be achieved using the required array.

if a required field is missing, a error message and the help will be shown.

const args = {
  options: [['--required', '-r']],
  required: ['--required'],
}

const res = cli(args)

console.log(res)

configuration

there are some configuration parameters that can be passed to the cli function

pure

const args = {
  pure: false, // set to true to prevent changes to process.argv and process.env
  pureEnv: false, // set to true to prevent changes to process.env
  pureArgv: false, // set to true to prevent changes to process.argv
}

cli(args)

prepend/append

process.argv values can be prepended and appended

import cli from '@magic/cli'

const args = {
  prepend: ['prepended']
  append: ['appended']
}

cli(args)

default

use this to set default process.argv key: value pairs that should be set if they are not

import cli from '@magic/cli'

const args = {
  options: [
    ['--default-key'],
  ],
  default: {
    '--default-key': 'default-value',
  },
}

const argv = cli(args)

// returns
{
  argv: {
    '--default-key': 'default-value',
  },
}

Changelog

0.0.1

first release

0.0.3

cli's should now correctly process.exit(1) on error of the spawned process.

0.0.4

console help output now aligns nicely

0.0.5

node 12.4.0 does not have --experimental-node-modules fladg.

0.0.6

readd --experimental-node-modules flag for 13.1.0+

0.0.7

update dependencies bump node version

0.0.8

help is shown if cli has commands but none are given

0.0.9

update dependencies

0.0.10

update dependencies

0.0.11
  • parsed.args added. is copy of argv, but using camelCased keys without leading --.
  • no commonjs fallback, ecmascript modules all the way
  • parsed does not return aliases. env, argv, args, commands. thats it.
0.0.12

add @magic/cases dependency

0.0.13

update deps

0.0.14

--help works for cli scripts without commands too

0.0.15

cli will always provide --help and -h flags to show help

0.0.16
  • args can be set to be single now, making them return a .join(' ')ed string instead of an array
  • args can be set to be required now, making the cli error and show the help if they are not.
0.0.17

required args can now be an array. this allows '--a' or '--b' to be required. errors if both are given.

0.0.18
  • the command cli-name all now automagically sets all available commands to true.
  • command keys will always be set to a boolean, return false if task is supposed to not be active.
0.0.19

regression: calling cli that has commands without commands will show help again.

0.0.20

regression: make commands only have keys for active commands again

0.0.21

finally get rid of the command regressions

0.0.22
  • add cli.prompt to get user input.
  • do not error if args.options is empty
  • exec and spawn now are separate functions corresponding to node builtins
0.0.23
  • cli.prompt: change call signature, remove PasswordStream
0.0.24
  • fix required node version
  • update dependencies
0.0.25
  • prompt now has a yesDefault option
  • prompt will add y/N or Y/n to the prompt message if it is missing
0.0.26
  • default help arguments are now output by default.
0.0.27

nicer output for prompt messages

0.0.28

bump required node version to 14.2.0

0.0.29

update dependencies

0.0.30
  • update dependencies
0.0.31
  • bump required node version to 14.15.4
  • update dependencies
0.0.32

update dependencies

0.0.33

update dependencies

0.0.34

update dependencies

0.0.35
  • parse now can get an opts object as third argument to overwrite child_process.exec options
  • help.argToHelp now errors if the first argument is not an array, before errors only got triggered by falsy arg.
  • exec now uses @magic/error for errors.
  • exec does not trim() the result.
  • findLongestString sorts by length and then alphabetically
  • export execFile
  • update dependencies
0.0.36

update dependencies

0.0.37

update dependencies

0.0.38

update dependencies

0.0.39
  • update devdependencies
  • parse.argv does not error if args do not have a length
0.0.40

update dependencies

0.0.41

update dependencies

0.0.42

update dependencies

0.0.43

update dependencies

0.0.44
  • update dependencies
  • add colors to default arg output
0.0.45
  • help.example can be an array
  • update dependencies
  • cli.prompt - msg can be an array
0.0.46
  • cli.exec allows stderrToStdout redirect config option
  • update dependencies
0.0.47 - unreleased
  • ...

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Install

npm i @magic/cli

Weekly Downloads

265

Version

0.0.46

License

AGPL-3.0

Unpacked Size

60.4 kB

Total Files

18

Last publish

Collaborators

  • jascha
  • jaeh