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0.10.4 • Public • Published

👁 LiveViewJS for NodeJS + Express

The project enables developers to use LiveViewJS with Express.

This project contains code that enables developers to add LiveViewJS to your NodeJS + Express application (see src/node). Additionally, it contains example code of a working ExpressJS server with all the example LiveViews from the examples package (see src/example).

To Use LiveViewJS in your Express app

Integration LiveViewJS to your Express takes three steps:

  1. Add LiveViewJS to your package.json Express app: npm install liveviewjs @liveviewjs/express

  2. Create one or more LiveViews (use BaseLiveView as your base class) - Feel free to use an example or include from the @liveviewjs/examples package.

  export class MyLiveView extends BaseLiveView<MyContext, MyEvents> {...}
  1. Create a LiveViewRouter to map your LiveViews to request paths. This is how requests are routed to your LiveViews both HTTP and WebSockets.
  const liveViewRouter: LiveViewRouter = {
    "/myroute": new MyLiveView(), // maps /myroute to MyLiveView
  1. Define a LiveViewPageRenderer which defines the page layout in which your LiveViews will be rendered. Optionally, you can define a LiveViewRootRenderer which defines another level in which to render your LiveViews (often used for things like flash messages)
// define the page layout in which your LiveViews will be rendered,
// also loads the LiveView client javascript which facilitates the
// communication between the client and the server
export const pageRenderer: LiveViewPageRenderer = (
  pageTitleDefaults: PageTitleDefaults,
  csrfToken: string,
  liveViewContent: LiveViewTemplate
): LiveViewTemplate => {
  return html`
     <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html lang="en">
        <meta charset="utf-8" />
        <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge" />
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
        <!-- the csrfToken is required for security and will be provided to this function -->
        <meta name="csrf-token" content="${csrfToken}" />
        <!-- live_title_tag enables title updates from LiveViews -->
        ${live_title_tag(pageTitle, { prefix: pageTitlePrefix, suffix: pageTitleSuffix })}
        <!-- your browser/liveview javascript see: packages/browser-->
        <script defer type="text/javascript" src="/client-liveview.js"></script>
        <!-- nprogress shows a tiny progress bar when requests are made between client/server -->
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://unpkg.com/nprogress@0.2.0/nprogress.css" />
        <!-- your favorite css library -->
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/@exampledev/new.css@1.1.2/new.min.css" />
        <!-- the to-be-rendered LiveView content -->
  1. Configure your LiveViewServerAdaptor and integrate the httpMiddleware and wsAdaptor functions into your server.
// initialize the LiveViewServer
const liveView = new NodeExpressLiveViewServer(
  new NodeJwtSerDe(signingSecret),
  new SingleProcessPubSub(),
  { title: "Express Demo", suffix: " · LiveViewJS" },
  new SessionFlashAdaptor(),


// setup the LiveViewJS middleware


// initialize the LiveViewJS websocket message router
const liveViewRouter = liveView.wsRouter();

// send websocket requests to the LiveViewJS message router
wsServer.on("connection", (ws) => {
  const connectionId = nanoid();
  ws.on("message", async (message) => {
    // pass websocket messages to LiveViewJS
    await liveViewRouter.onMessage(connectionId, message.toString(), new NodeWsAdaptor(ws));
  ws.on("close", async () => {
    // pass websocket close events to LiveViewJS
    await liveViewRouter.onClose(connectionId);

That's it!!! Start your server and start making requests to the LiveView routes!

Feedback is a 🎁

Like all software, this is a work in progress. If you have any feedback, please let us know by opening an issue on the GitHub repository.

More Details on src/node code

src/node is the code that allows developers to add LiveViewJS to Express applications.

  • index.ts - barrel file for ExpressJS / LiveViewJS adaptors
  • jwtSerDe.ts - jsonwebtoken-based serializer/desierializer for LiveViewJS server/client communication
  • server.ts - ExpressJS Server Adaptor for LiveViewJS
  • wsAdaptor.ts - ExpressJS / ws Adaptor for WebSockets
  • redisPubSub.ts - PubSub implementation using Redis

More Details on src/example code

src/example is the code that contains a working ExpressJS server with all the example LiveViews from the examples package.

  • index.ts - the ExpressJS server
  • indexHandler.ts - shows an index html page with links to all the examples
  • liveViewRenderers.ts - defines the page layout and root layouts for all the LiveViews (i.e., implements the LiveViewPageRenderer and the LiveViewRootRenderer interfaces)

To Run the example server

Check out the full LiveViewJS repository: git clone https://github.com/floodfx/liveviewjs.git

cd to this package: cd packages/express

Then run the following command: npm install npm run start

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npm i @liveviewjs/express

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