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    @littleboarz/prerenderer

    0.7.2 • Public • Published

    Prerenderer

    Fast, flexible, framework-agnostic prerendering for sites and SPAs.


    npm version npm downloads Dependency Status js-standard-style license


    NPM

    About prerenderer

    Note: This package is unstable and still under active development. Use at your own risk.

    The goal of this package is to provide a simple, framework-agnostic prerendering solution that is easily extensible and usable for any site or single-page-app.

    prerenderer-webpack-plugin is now deprecated, but still functional. It will be replaced by prerender-spa-plugin v3 in the near future.

    Now, if you're not familiar with the concept of prerendering, you might predictably ask...

    What is Prerendering?

    Recently, SSR (Server Side Rendering) has taken the JavaScript front-end world by storm. The fact that you can now render your sites and apps on the server before sending them to your clients is an absolutely revolutionary idea (and totally not what everyone was doing before JS client-side apps got popular in the first place...)

    However, the same criticisms that were valid for PHP, ASP, JSP, (and such) sites are valid for server-side rendering today. It's slow, breaks fairly easily, and is difficult to implement properly.

    Thing is, despite what everyone might be telling you, you probably don't need SSR. You can get almost all the advantages of it (without the disadvantages) by using prerendering. Prerendering is basically firing up a headless browser, loading your app's routes, and saving the results to a static HTML file. You can then serve it with whatever static-file-serving solution you were using previously. It just works with HTML5 navigation and the likes. No need to change your code or add server-side rendering workarounds.

    In the interest of transparency, there are some use-cases where prerendering might not be a great idea.

    • Tons of routes - If your site has hundreds or thousands of routes, prerendering will be really slow. Sure you only have to do it once per update, but it could take ages. Most people don't end up with thousands of static routes, but just in-case...
    • Dynamic Content - If your render routes that have content that's specific to the user viewing it or other dynamic sources, you should make sure you have placeholder components that can display until the dynamic content loads on the client-side. Otherwise it might be a tad weird.

    Example prerenderer Usage

    (It's much simpler if you use prerenderer with webpack or another build system.)

    Input

    app/
    ├── index.html
    └── index.js // Whatever JS controls the SPA, loaded by index.html
    

    Output

    app/
    ├── about
    │   └── index.html // Static rendered /about route.
    ├── index.html // Static rendered / route.
    ├── index.js // Whatever JS controls the SPA, loaded by index.html
    └── some
        └── deep
            └── nested
                └── route
                    └── index.html // Static rendered nested route.
    
    const fs = require('fs')
    const path = require('path')
    const mkdirp = require('mkdirp')
    const Prerenderer = require('@prerenderer/prerenderer')
    // Make sure you install a renderer as well!
    const JSDOMRenderer = require('@prerenderer/renderer-jsdom')
    
    const prerenderer = new Prerenderer({
      // Required - The path to the app to prerender. Should have an index.html and any other needed assets.
      staticDir: path.join(__dirname, 'app'),
      // The plugin that actually renders the page.
      renderer: new JSDOMRenderer()
    })
    
    // Initialize is separate from the constructor for flexibility of integration with build systems.
    prerenderer.initialize()
    .then(() => {
      // List of routes to render.
      return prerenderer.renderRoutes([ '/', '/about', '/some/deep/nested/route' ])
    })
    .then(renderedRoutes => {
      // renderedRoutes is an array of objects in the format:
      // {
      //   route: String (The route rendered)
      //   html: String (The resulting HTML)
      // }
      renderedRoutes.forEach(renderedRoute => {
        try {
          // A smarter implementation would be required, but this does okay for an example.
          // Don't copy this directly!!!
          const outputDir = path.join(__dirname, 'app', renderedRoute.route)
          const outputFile = `${outputDir}/index.html`
    
          mkdirp.sync(outputDir)
          fs.writeFileSync(outputFile, renderedRoute.html.trim())
        } catch (e) {
          // Handle errors.
        }
      })
    
      // Shut down the file server and renderer.
      prerenderer.destroy()
    })
    .catch(err => {
      // Shut down the server and renderer.
      prerenderer.destroy()
      // Handle errors.
    })

    Available Renderers

    • @prerenderer/renderer-jsdom - Uses jsdom. Extremely fast, but unreliable and cannot handle advanced usages. May not work with all front-end frameworks and apps.
    • @prerenderer/renderer-puppeteer - Uses puppeteer to render pages in headless Chrome. Simpler and more reliable than the previous ChromeRenderer.

    Removed in prerenderer 0.6.0:

    • prerenderer.BrowserRenderer - Opens the system default browser to render the page. (Use @prerenderer/renderer-jsdom or @prerenderer/renderer-puppeteer instead.)
    • prerenderer.ChromeRenderer - Uses Google Chrome in headless mode over RDP. (Use @prerenderer/renderer-puppeteer instead.)

    Which renderer should I use?

    Use @prerenderer/renderer-puppeteer if: You're prerendering up to a couple hundred pages (bye-bye RAM!).

    Use @prerenderer/renderer-jsdom if: You need to prerender thousands upon thousands of pages, but quality isn't all that important, and you're willing to work around issues for more advanced cases. (Programmatic SVG support, etc.)

    Documentation

    Prerenderer Options

    Option Type Required? Default Description
    staticDir String Yes None The root path to serve your app from.
    indexPath String No staticDir/index.html The index file to fall back on for SPAs.
    server Object No None App server configuration options (See below)
    renderer Renderer Instance or Configuration Object No new PuppeteerRenderer() The renderer you'd like to use to prerender the app. It's recommended that you specify this, but if not it will default to @prerenderer/renderer-puppeteer.

    Server Options

    Option Type Required? Default Description
    port Integer No First free port after 8000 The port for the app server to run on.
    proxy Object No No proxying Proxy configuration. Has the same signature as webpack-dev-server
    before Function No No operation Function for adding custom server middleware. Has the same signature as webpack-dev-server

    Prerenderer Methods

    • constructor(options: Object) - Creates a Prerenderer instance and sets up the renderer and server objects.
    • initialize(): Promise<> - Starts the static file server and renderer instance (where appropriate).
    • getOptions(): Object - Returns the options used to configure prerenderer
    • getServer(): (Internal Server Class) - Gets the instanced server class. INTERNAL
    • getRenderer(): (Instanced Renderer Class) - Gets the instanced renderer class. INTERNAL
    • modifyServer(Server: Server Instance, stage: string) - DANGEROUS Called by the server to allow renderers to modify the server at various stages. Avoid if at all possible. INTERNAL
    • destroy() - Destroys the static file server and renderer, freeing the resources.
    • renderRoutes(routes: Array<String>): Promise<Array<RenderedRoute>> - Renders set of routes. Returns a promise resolving to an array of rendered routes in the form of:
    [
      {
        route: '/route/path', // The route path.
        html: '<!DOCTYPE html><html>...</html>' // The prerendered HTML for the route
      },
      ...
    ]

    @prerenderer/renderer-jsdom Options

    Option Type Required? Default Description
    maxConcurrentRoutes Number No 0 (No limit) The number of routes allowed to be rendered at the same time. Useful for breaking down massive batches of routes into smaller chunks.
    inject Object No None An object to inject into the global scope of the rendered page before it finishes loading. Must be JSON.stringifiy-able. The property injected to is window['__PRERENDER_INJECTED'] by default.
    injectProperty String No __PRERENDER_INJECTED The property to mount inject to during rendering. Does nothing if inject isn't set.
    renderAfterDocumentEvent String No None Wait to render until the specified event is fired on the document. (You can fire an event like so: document.dispatchEvent(new Event('custom-render-trigger'))
    renderAfterElementExists String (Selector) No None Wait to render until the specified element is detected using document.querySelector
    renderAfterTime Integer (Milliseconds) No None Wait to render until a certain amount of time has passed.

    @prerenderer/renderer-puppeteer Options

    Option Type Required? Default Description
    maxConcurrentRoutes Number No 0 (No limit) The number of routes allowed to be rendered at the same time. Useful for breaking down massive batches of routes into smaller chunks.
    inject Object No None An object to inject into the global scope of the rendered page before it finishes loading. Must be JSON.stringifiy-able. The property injected to is window['__PRERENDER_INJECTED'] by default.
    injectProperty String No __PRERENDER_INJECTED The property to mount inject to during rendering. Does nothing if inject isn't set.
    renderAfterDocumentEvent String No None Wait to render until the specified event is fired on the document. (You can fire an event like so: document.dispatchEvent(new Event('custom-render-trigger'))
    renderAfterElementExists String (Selector) No None Wait to render until the specified element is detected using document.querySelector
    renderAfterTime Integer (Milliseconds) No None Wait to render until a certain amount of time has passed.
    skipThirdPartyRequests Boolean No false Automatically block any third-party requests. (This can make your pages load faster by not loading non-essential scripts, styles, or fonts.)
    consoleHandler function(route: String, message: ConsoleMessage) No None Allows you to provide a custom console.* handler for pages. Argument one to your function is the route being rendered, argument two is the Puppeteer ConsoleMessage object.
    injectRequest function(request: Puppteteer Request Object, baseUrl:String) No None inject the puppeteer request
    [Puppeteer Launch Options] ? No None Any additional options will be passed to puppeteer.launch(), such as headless: false.
    [Puppeteer Navigation Options] ? No None Any additional options will be passed to page.goto(), such as timeout: 30000ms.

    Caveats

    • For obvious reasons, prerenderer only works for SPAs that route using the HTML5 history API. index.html#/hash/route URLs will unfortunately not work.
    • Whatever client-side rendering library you're using should be able to at least replace any server-rendered content or diff with it.
      • For Vue.js 1 use replace: false on root components.
      • For Vue.js 2 Ensure your root component has the same id as the prerendered element it's replacing. Otherwise you'll end up with duplicated content.

    License (MIT)

    Copyright (c) 2017 Joshua Michael Bemenderfer
    
    Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
    of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
    in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
    to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
    copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
    furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
    
    The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
    copies or substantial portions of the Software.
    
    THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
    IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
    FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
    AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
    LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
    OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
    SOFTWARE.
    

    Maintainers

    Joshua Bemenderfer

    Install

    npm i @littleboarz/prerenderer

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    1

    Version

    0.7.2

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    42.7 kB

    Total Files

    8

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • littleboarz