@konfirm/iso7064
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2.1.2 • Public • Published

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ISO 7064

An implementation of check digit calculating algorithms described in the ISO/IEC 7064:2003 specification. Check digits are primarily used to quickly detect eratic input and are not intended for cryptographical purposes.

Installation

The ISO 7064 package is a scoped package, which means one needs to provide the scope (both in installation and use).

$ npm install --save @konfirm/iso7064

Usage

The ISO 7064 package provides several extendable classes of which all modulus-algorithms are ready for immediate use.

As of version 2.1 the ISO 7064 provides Typescript types and ES Modules.

Example

Using import (ES Modules, Typescript)

import { Mod97_10 } from '@konfirm/iso7064';

Or the CommonJS require

const { Mod97_10 } = require('@konfirm/iso7064');

Available exports

export extends purpose
ISO7064 The common mechanics for all implementations
PureISO7064 ISO7064 Provide the pure modulus specification
HybridISO7064 ISO7064 Provide the hybrid modulus specification
Mod11_2 PureISO7064 The MOD 11-2 implementation
Mod11_10 HybridISO7064 The MOD 11,10 implementation
Mod27_26 HybridISO7064 The MOD 27,26 implementation
Mod37_2 PureISO7064 The MOD 37-2 implementation
Mod37_36 HybridISO7064 The MOD 37,36 implementation
Mod97_10 PureISO7064 The MOD 97-10 implementation
Mod661_26 PureISO7064 The MOD 661-26 implementation
Mod1271_36 PureISO7064 The MOD 1271-36 implementation

Methods

All algorithm implementations have the same methods, please refer to their respective documentation for the details on the exact in- and outputs.

method input output description
normalize string|number string the normalized value used for checksum calculations
checksum string|number string the single or double digit/character checksum
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

Example using import (ES Modules, Typescript)

import { Mod11_2, Mod11_10 } from '@konfirm/iso7064';

console.log(Mod11_2.checksum('079')); //  'X'
console.log(Mod11_2.generate('079')); //  '079X'
console.log(Mod11_2.validate('079X')); //  true

console.log(Mod11_10.checksum('079')); // '2'
console.log(Mod11_10.generate('079')); // '0792'
console.log(Mod11_10.validate('0792')); // true

Example using require (CommonJS)

const { Mod11_2, Mod11_10 } = require('@konfirm/iso7064');

console.log(Mod11_2.checksum('079')); //  'X'
console.log(Mod11_2.generate('079')); //  '079X'
console.log(Mod11_2.validate('079X')); //  true

console.log(Mod11_10.checksum('079')); // '2'
console.log(Mod11_10.generate('079')); // '0792'
console.log(Mod11_10.validate('0792')); // true

Extending

The class architecture allows for easy implementation of your custom algorithm, it mostly consists of picking the right system (either pure or hybrid) and creating the appropriate configuration.

Example

The specification for International Standard Audiovisual Number (ISAN, ISO 15706-2:2007) details the use of the ISO 7064, MOD 17,16 algorithm, which in itself is not described in the ISO 7064 specification. The implementation however is simple to do.

The ISO 15706-2:2007 specification states it uses the hybrid system, with hexadecimal characters for the input and a single character checksum (from the same hexadecimal characters). This means the HybridISO7064 should be used, and the indices (allowed input characters) and alphabet should be provided. As the alphabet is the same as the indices we can omit it.

This leads to the following code

// const { HybridISO7064, Alphabet } = require('@konfirm/iso7064');
import { HybridISO7064, Alphabet } form '@konfirm/iso7064';

const Mod17_16 = new HybridISO7064({
	alphabet: Alphabet.from('0123456789ABCDEF')
});

console.log(Mod17_17.checksum('D98989898909898')); // 'B'
console.log(Mod17_17.generate('D98989898909898')); // 'D98989898909899B'
console.log(Mod17_17.validate('D98989898909898B')); // true
console.log(Mod17_17.validate('D98-989-898-909-898-B')); // true

NOTE Searching online for the contents of the ISO 15706-2:2007 specification may lead to a version of the specification which includes an error in the example output. The example number shown below the calculation steps is D98989898909899 with the supposed outcome of B (which should be 9), while the ISAN used used in the calculation steps table is D98989898909898 (last digit being 8 instead of 9).

There is an addendum available for the specification, ISO 15706-1:2002/Amd 1:2008, in which we assume the mistake was corrected (we haven't purchased the specification to verify).

API

ISO7064

This is the base class of the package, it contains all properties and methods used by both the Pure- and HybridISO7064 classes and extends (the Mod-algorithm extensions).

Constructor

New instances (such as the prepared Mod* implementations) are configured using an options object, the table below describes the type, defaults, purpose and whether the values are inherited by the factory method

option type default factory inherits purpose
algorithm string Custom no the name of the algorithm
designation number 0 no the designation number
modulus number alphabet.length yes the modules to use
indices Alphabet alphabet yes the indices (allowed characters)
alphabet Alphabet undefined yes The characters to use for the checksum
radix number undefined yes the radix to use
double boolean false yes use a double digit checksum

Properties

property value description
algorithm Custom the name of the algorithm
specification ISO 7064, Custom the full specification and algorithm name
designation 0 the designated number in the ISO 7064 standard (0 is the described value for non-designations)
modulus undefined the modulus of the algorithm
indices Alphabet the Alphabet instance with allowed input digits/characters (usesalphabet if ommited)
alphabet Alphabet the Alphabet instance allowed checksum digits/characters
radix undefined The radix used by the algorithm (used by PureISO7064 implementations)
double false does the checksum consist of two digits/characters instead of one

Methods

method input output description
normalize string|number string if no indices where provided during construction, normalization will remove any non-alphanumeric character
checksum string|number throws Error will throw an Error, implementation in an extend is required
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

PureISO7064

This is the base class for all pure systems. A pure system uses a single modulus for every stage of the checksum calculation.

As only the pure systems require the radix property, this class implements its default value.

Properties

The PureISO7064 class inherits all properties from ISO7064 and adds radix.

property value description
radix 2 The radix used by the algorithm

Methods

method input output description
normalize string|number string the normalized value used for checksum calculations
checksum string|number string the single or double digit/character checksum
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

HybridISO7064

This is the base class for all hybrid systems. The hybrid systems use two different modulus operations, one equal to the number of characters in the checksum characters (indices) and the greater then that.

Properties

The Hybrid7064 class inherits all properties from ISO7064.

Methods

method input output description
normalize string|number string the normalized value used for checksum calculations
checksum string|number string the single or double digit/character checksum
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

MOD 11-2

The ISO 7064, MOD 11-2 algorithm is used by several standards, including

Properties

property type value
algorithm string MOD 11-2
specification string ISO 7064, MOD 11-2
designation number 1
modulus number 11
radix number 2
indices Alphabet 0123456789
alphabet Alphabet 0123456789X
double boolean false

Methods

method input output description
normalize string|number string the normalized numeric value used for checksum calculations
checksum string|number string the single digit or X character checksum
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

MOD 11,10

The ISO 7064, MOD 11,10 algorithm is used by several standards, including

Properties

property type value
algorithm string MOD 11,10
specification string ISO 7064, MOD 11,10
designation number 6
modulus number 10
indices Alphabet 0123456789
alphabet Alphabet 0123456789
double boolean false

Methods

method input output description
normalize string|number string the normalized numeric value used for checksum calculations
checksum string|number string the single digit checksum
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

MOD 27,26

Properties

property type value
algorithm string MOD 27,26
specification string ISO 7064, MOD 27,26
designation number 7
modulus number 26
indices Alphabet ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
alphabet Alphabet ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
double boolean false

Methods

method input output description
normalize string|number string the normalized alphabetic value used for checksum calculations
checksum string|number string the single character alphabetic checksum
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

MOD 37-2

The ISO 7064, MOD 37-2 algorithm is used by several standards, including

Properties

property type value
algorithm string MOD 37-2
specification string ISO 7064, MOD 37-2
designation number 2
modulus number 37
radix number 2
indices Alphabet 0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
alphabet Alphabet 0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ*
double boolean false

Methods

method input output description
normalize string|number string the normalized alphanumeric value used for checksum calculations
checksum string|number string the single character alphanumeric or * checksum
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

MOD 37,36

The ISO 7064, MOD 37,36 algorithm is used by several standards, including

Properties

property type value
algorithm string MOD 37,36
specification string ISO 7064, MOD 37,36
designation number 8
modulus number 36
indices Alphabet 0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
alphabet Alphabet 0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
double boolean false

Methods

method input output description
normalize string|number string the normalized alphanumeric value used for checksum calculations
checksum string|number string the single character alphanumeric checksum
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

MOD 97-10

Properties

property type value
algorithm string MOD 97-10
specification string ISO 7064, MOD 97-10
designation number 3
modulus number 97
radix number 10
indices Alphabet 0123456789
alphabet Alphabet 0123456789
double boolean true

Methods

method input output description
normalize string|number string the normalized numeric value used for checksum calculations
checksum string|number string the double digit checksum
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

MOD 661-26

Properties

property type value
algorithm string MOD 661-26
specification string ISO 7064, MOD 661-26
designation number 4
modulus number 661
radix number 26
indices Alphabet ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
alphabet Alphabet ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
double boolean true

Methods

method input output description
normalize string|number string the normalized alphabetic value used for checksum calculations
checksum string|number string the double character alphabetic checksum
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

MOD 1271-36

Properties

property type value
algorithm string MOD 1271-36
specification string ISO 7064, MOD 1271-36
designation number 5
modulus number 1271
radix number 36
indices Alphabet 0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
alphabet Alphabet 0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ*
double boolean true

Methods

method input output description
normalize string|number string the normalized alphanumeric value used for checksum calculations
checksum string|number string the double character alphanumeric checksum
validate string|number boolean validate the provided string (including checksum)
generate string|number string calculate and append the checksum to the (normalized) input
factory object ISO7064 Create a new instance, override provided options, inherit the rest

Credits

There a quite a few implementations of the ISO 7064 specification in various programming languages. From some we've taken the libery of using (parts of) the data samples for the unit tests.

License

MIT License Copyright (c) 2019-2022 Rogier Spieker (Konfirm)

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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