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    This package has been deprecated

    Author message:

    All packages in the @keystone-alpha namespace are now available in the @keystonejs namespace, starting at version 5.0.0. To upgrade, update package.json to point to "@keystonejs/apollo-helpers": "^5.0.0" and update any require/import statements in your code.

    @keystone-alpha/apollo-helpers

    1.0.5 • Public • Published

    Apollo Helpers

    A set of functions and components to ease using Apollo with KeystoneJS.

    Installation

    yarn add @keystone-alpha/apollo-helpers

    Usage

    Minimal example

    import gql from 'graphql-tag';
    import React from 'react';
    import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
    import { HttpLink } from 'apollo-link-http';
    import { ApolloClient } from 'apollo-client';
    import { InMemoryCache } from 'apollo-cache-inmemory';
    import { ApolloProvider } from 'react-apollo';
    import {
      Query,
      KeystoneProvider,
    } from '@keystone-alpha/apollo-helpers';
    
    const client = new ApolloClient({
      link: new HttpLink({ uri: /* ... */ }),
      cache: new InMemoryCache(),
    });
    
    const App = () => (
      <ApolloProvider client={client}>
        <KeystoneProvider>
          <Query query={gql`...`}>
            {({ data }) => (
              <pre>{JSON.stringify(data)}</pre>
            )}
          </Query>
        </KeystoneProvider>
      </ApolloProvider>
    );
    
    ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('root'));

    Complete example

    import gql from 'graphql-tag';
    import React from 'react';
    import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
    import { HttpLink } from 'apollo-link-http';
    import { ApolloLink } from 'apollo-link';
    import { ApolloClient } from 'apollo-client';
    import { InMemoryCache } from 'apollo-cache-inmemory';
    import { ApolloProvider } from 'react-apollo';
    import { withClientState } from 'apollo-link-state';
    import {
      Query,
      Mutation,
      KeystoneProvider,
      injectIsOptimisticFlag,
      flattenApollo,
    } from '@keystone-alpha/apollo-helpers';
    
    const cache = new InMemoryCache();
    
    // Without this, we don't get the _isOptimistic flag on our datatypes
    const stateLink = withClientState(
      injectIsOptimisticFlag({
        resolvers: {
          /* ... Add your local state resolvers here */
        },
        defaults: {
          /* ... Add your resolver defaults here */
        },
        cache,
      })
    );
    
    const client = new ApolloClient({
      link: ApolloLink.from([stateLink, new HttpLink({ uri: /* ... */ })]),
      cache: cache,
    });
    
    const GET_FOO_QUERY = gql`...`
    const UPDATE_FOO_MUTATION = gql`...`
    const ADD_FOO_MUTATION = gql`...`
    
    // NOTE: This format only works with the `Query`/`Mutation` components from this
    // module, not Apollo's `Query`/`Mutation` queries. For those, you'll have to
    // wrap each item in a function ({ render }) => <Query ..>{render}</Query>
    const GraphQL = flattenApollo({
      foo: <Query query={GET_FOO_QUERY}>,
      // Note the `invalidateTypes` define the GraphQL types to invalidate within
      // the Apollo cache upon mutation
      updateFoo: <Mutation mutation={UPDATE_FOO_MUTATION} invalidateTypes="Foo">,
      addFoo: <Mutation mutation={ADD_FOO_MUTATION} invalidateTypes="Foo">,
    })
    
    // Calling `updateFoo` or `addFoo` will trigger the cache invalidation, and so
    // will re-execute the `Query` (as it has queried a `Foo` type in the past),
    // which will trigger a re-render here.
    // In a more complicated app, _all_ `Query`'s which have queried a `Foo` type
    // will also be re-rendered without having to wire them up to these particular
    // mutations (decoupling FTW!)
    const App = () => (
      <ApolloProvider client={client}>
        <KeystoneProvider>
          <GraphQL>
            {({ foo, updateFoo, addFoo }) => (
              <div>
                Foo: <pre>{JSON.stringify(foo, null, 2)}</pre>
                <button onClick={updateFoo}>Update</button>
                <button onClick={addFoo}>Add</button>
              </div>
            )}
          </GraphQL>
        </KeystoneProvider>
      </ApolloProvider>
    );
    
    ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('root'));

    Motivation

    Let's start with an example of using Apollo's Query / Mutation components given the following GraphQL schema:

    type Event {
      id: ID!
    }
    type Group {
      id: ID!
      events: [Event]
    }
    type Meta {
      count: Integer
    }
    type Query {
      allEvents: [Event]
      _allEventsMeta: Meta
      allGroups: [Group]
      _allGroupsMeta: Meta
    }
    type Mutation {
      addEvent(group: ID!): Event
    }

    When we perform the following query using Apollo's <Query> component:

    <Query
      query=`
        query {
          allEvents {
            id
          }
          allGroups {
            events {
              id
            }
          }
        }
      `
    />

    Apollo will cache the result of allEvents/allGroups, plus the individual events, which looks roughly like:

    {
      "allEvents": ["abc123"],
      "allGroups": ["xyz789"],
      "Event:abc123": { "id": "abc123" },
      "Group:xyz789": { "id": "xyz789", "events": ["abc123"] }
    }

    Now, when we do a mutation using Apollo's <Mutation> component:

    <Mutation
      mutation=`
        mutation {
          addEvent(group: "xyz789") {
            id
          }
        }
      `
    />

    We've created a new Event with data { id: "def456" }, which Apollo will also cache:

    {
      "allEvents": ["abc123"],
      "allGroups": ["xyz789"],
      "Event:abc123": { "id": "abc123" },
      "Event:def456": { "id": "def456" },
      "Group:xyz789": { "id": "xyz789", "events": ["abc123"] }
    }

    Notice the allEvents and Group:xyz789.events queries were not updated with the new event; this is a caching problem.

    To work around it, we have 2 options:

    1. Blow everything in the cache away after every mutation with client.resetStore() (the sledge hammer approach)
    2. Use Apollo's writeQuery method to update the cache after each mutation. This requires every place where we perform a <Mutation> to know about all other possible queries that could be affected! This leads to tightly coupled components and overly verbose code. Eg; The component rendering allEvents shouldn't need to know or care there is a component calling the query allGroups which could result in this cache problem.

    This module introduces a 3rd way of solving the issue:

    1. After every mutation, clear only a subset of the data from the cache; that which relates to the mutated type.

    What does that mean? Let's continue using the above example but with this module's <Mutation> component;

    <Mutation
      invalidateTypes="Event"
      mutation=`
        mutation {
          addEvent(group: "xyz789") {
            id
          }
        }
      `
    />

    Notice the new invalidateTypes="Event" prop we've passed - this instructs on which GraphQL type(s) to clear from the Apollo cache

    Will immediately result in the following cache:

    {
      "allGroups": ["xyz789"],
      "Event:abc123": { "id": "abc123" },
      "Event:def456": { "id": "def456" },
      "Group:xyz789": { "id": "xyz789" }
    }

    Notice allEvents and Group:xyz789.events have been cleared as they referred to the type Event

    Which, when using this module's <Query> component, will re-load the now removed data from the server, resulting in a final cache of:

    {
      "allEvents": ["abc123", "def456"],
      "allGroups": ["xyz789"],
      "Event:abc123": { "id": "abc123" },
      "Event:def456": { "id": "def456" },
      "Group:xyz789": { "id": "xyz789", "events": ["abc123", "def456"] }
    }

    Now everything's up to date and we didn't have to use writeQuery or couple any of our components.

    But why is this coupled to KeystoneJS?

    Let's continue the example above with another query:

    <Query
      query=`
        query {
          allEvents {
            id
          }
          _allEventsMeta {
            count
          }
        }
      `
    />

    Would result in the cache:

    {
      "allEvents": ["abc123", "def456"],
      "_allEventsMeta": { "count": 2 },
      "allGroups": ["xyz789"],
      "Event:abc123": { "id": "abc123" },
      "Event:def456": { "id": "def456" },
      "Group:xyz789": { "id": "xyz789", "events": ["abc123", "def456"] }
    }

    Then we add another Event (using an Apollo <Mutation>):

    <Mutation
      mutation=`
        mutation {
          addEvent(group: "xyz789") {
            id
          }
        }
      `
    />

    Now the cache is:

    {
      "allEvents": ["abc123", "def456"],
      "_allEventsMeta": { "count": 2 },
      "allGroups": ["xyz789"],
      "Event:abc123": { "id": "abc123" },
      "Event:def456": { "id": "def456" },
      "Event:hij098": { "id": "hij098" },
      "Group:xyz789": { "id": "xyz789", "events": ["abc123", "def456"] }
    }

    Not only are allEvents & Group:xyz789 out of date, but so is _allEventsMeta (it should be { count: 3 }).

    If we were to use this module's <Mutation> component, but decoupled from KeystoneJS, the cache at this point would be:

    {
      "_allEventsMeta": { "count": 2 },
      "allGroups": ["xyz789"],
      "Event:abc123": { "id": "abc123" },
      "Event:def456": { "id": "def456" },
      "Event:hij098": { "id": "hij098" },
      "Group:xyz789": { "id": "xyz789" }
    }

    Notice allEvents, and Group:xyz789.events are cleared, but _allEventsMeta is not

    This example highlights the limits of other approaches (see below for possible workarounds / other solutions to this).

    In swoops KeystoneJS to the rescue! 🦅

    We do know the related type information within KeystoneJS! It's a walled garden which we control, so can extract further information such as _allEventsMeta is a query that relates to Events.

    So, using this module's <Mutation> component:

    <Mutation
      invalidateTypes="Event"
      mutation=`
        mutation {
          addEvent(group: "xyz789") {
            id
          }
        }
      `
    />

    Will result in an immediate cache of:

    {
      "allGroups": ["xyz789"],
      "Event:abc123": { "id": "abc123" },
      "Event:def456": { "id": "def456" },
      "Event:hij098": { "id": "hij098" },
      "Group:xyz789": { "id": "xyz789" }
    }

    Notice allEvents, Group:xyz789.events, and now _allEventsMeta have been cleared

    Which, when using this module's <Query> component, will re-load the now removed data from the server, resulting in a final cache of:

    {
      "allEvents": ["abc123", "def456", "hij098"],
      "_allEventsMeta": { "count": 3 },
      "allGroups": ["xyz789"],
      "Event:abc123": { "id": "abc123" },
      "Event:def456": { "id": "def456" },
      "Event:hij098": { "id": "hij098" },
      "Group:xyz789": { "id": "xyz789", "events": ["abc123", "def456", "hij098"] }
    }

    Can we decouple from KeystoneJS?

    If we only cared about queries that explicitly relate to a given type, then we can scan the GraphQL AST / Introspection query to get all the correct queries. This will miss queries such as _allEventsMeta.

    If we push a bit of the work on linking up queries + types to the developer, we could rely on directives so our GraphQL schema becomes:

    type Query {
      allEvents: [Event] @relatedToType(type: "Event")
      _allEventsMeta: Meta @relatedToType(type: "Event")
      allGroups: [Group] @relatedToType(type: "Group")
      _allGroupsMeta: Meta @relatedToType(type: "Group")
    }

    Note the @relatedToType() directive

    Which could be simplified by combining it with GraphQL AST scanning to become:

    type Query {
      allEvents: [Event]
      _allEventsMeta: Meta @relatedToType(type: "Event")
      allGroups: [Group]
      _allGroupsMeta: Meta @relatedToType(type: "Group")
    }

    If we went with this method, we could automatically inject that directive into KeystoneJS generated GraphQL schemas.

    Keywords

    none

    Install

    npm i @keystone-alpha/apollo-helpers

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    1

    Version

    1.0.5

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    72.7 kB

    Total Files

    8

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • dominikwilkowski
    • jedwatson
    • jesstelford
    • mitchellhamilton
    • molomby
    • timl