@georapbox/web-storage

2.1.0 • Public • Published

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WebStorage

WebStorage is a JavaScript library that improves the way you work with localStorage or sessionStorage by using a simple, localStorage-like API. It allows developers to store many types of data instead of just strings.

The purpose of this library is to allow the user to manipulate data to localStorage or sessionStorage accordingly using a namespace (default is 'web-storages/') as a prefix for each item's key. This is by design in order to avoid potential conflicts with other key/value pairs that are probably already saved to storage. For example, if the key prefix we provided is 'my-app/', calling clear() will remove only the items with key prefix 'my-app/'. The same principle applies to all available API methods of the library.

Install

$ npm install --save @georapbox/web-storage

Usage

The library is exported in UMD, CommonJS, and ESM formats. You can import it the following ways:

Using ESM import statement

import WebStorage from '@georapbox/web-storage';

Using CommonJS require statement

const WebStorage = require('@georapbox/web-storage');

// If you use a bundler like Webpack, you may need to import it the following way 
// as it might try to use the ESM module instead of the CommonJS.
const WebStorage = require('@georapbox/web-storage').default; 

Old school browser global

<script src="https://unpkg.com/@georapbox/web-storage"></script>

API

Static methods

WebStorage.createInstance(options = {})

Creates a new instance of the WebStorage. The following options can be set:

Option Type Default Description
driver String "localStorage" The preferred driver to use. Use one between "localStorage" or "sessionStorage".
keyPrefix1 String "web-storage/" The prefix for all keys stored in the offline storage. The value provided is trimmed (both left and right) internally to avoid potential user mistakes.

1 keyPrefix needs to be declared only when creating an instance of WebStorage. Afterwards, when using any of the API methods that accept key as argument, we just use the key to refer to the item we want to manipulate.

Example

const myStore = WebStorage.createInstance({
  driver: 'sessionStorage',
  keyPrefix: 'my-storage/'
});

WebStorage.isAvailable(storageType)

Check if storageType is supported and is available. Storage might be unavailable due to no browser support or due to being full or due to browser privacy settings.

Kind: static method of WebStorage
Returns: Boolean - Returns true if Storage available; otherwise false

Param Type Description
storageType String The storage type; available values "localStorage" or "sessionStorage"

Usage

WebStorage.isAvailable('localStorage');

Instance methods

getItem(key [, onErrorCallback])

Gets a saved item from storage by its key.

Kind: instance method of WebStorage
Throws: TypeError if key is not a string
Returns: * - Returns the retrieved value if found or null if value not found or operation has failed due to error

Param Type Default Description
key String The property name of the saved item
[onErrorCallback] Function () => {} Callback function to be executed if there were any errors

Usage

myStore.getItem('somekey', error => {
  // This code runs if there were any errors
  console.error(error);
});

setItem(key, value [, onErrorCallback])

Saves an item to storage. You can store items of any of the following data types as long as data can be serialized to JSON.

  • String
  • Number
  • Array
  • Object

Kind: instance method of WebStorage
Throws: TypeError if key is not a string
Returns: undefined

Param Type Default Description
key String The property name of the item to save
value * The item to save to the selected storage.
[onErrorCallback] Function () => {} Callback function to be executed if there were any errors

Usage

myStore.setItem('somekey', { foo: 'bar' }, error => {
  // This code runs if there were any errors
  console.error(error);
});

removeItem(key [, onErrorCallback])

Removes the item for the specific key from the storage.

Kind: instance method of WebStorage
Throws: TypeError if key is not a string
Returns: undefined

Param Type Default Description
key String The property name of the item to remove
[onErrorCallback] Function () => {} Callback function to be executed if there were any errors

Usage

myStore.removeItem('somekey', error => {
  // This code runs if there were any errors
  console.error(error);
});

clear([onErrorCallback])

Removes all saved items from storage.

Kind: instance method of WebStorage
Returns: undefined

Param Type Default Description
[onErrorCallback] Function () => {} Callback function to be executed if there were any errors

Usage

myStore.clear(error => {
  // This code runs if there were any errors
  console.error(error);
});

keys([onErrorCallback])

Gets the list of all keys in the storage for a specific datastore.

Kind: instance method of WebStorage
Returns: Array|undefined - Returns an array of all the keys that belong to a specific datastore. If any error occurs, returns undefined.

Param Type Default Description
[onErrorCallback] Function () => {} Callback function to be executed if there were any errors

Usage

myStore.keys(error => {
  // This code runs if there were any errors
  console.error(error);
});

length([onErrorCallback])

Gets the number of items saved in a specific datastore.

Kind: instance method of WebStorage
Returns: Number|undefined - Returns the number of items for a specific datastore. If any error occurs, returns undefined.

Param Type Default Description
[onErrorCallback] Function () => {} Callback function to be executed if there were any errors

Usage

myStore.length(error => {
  // This code runs if there were any errors
  console.error(error);
});

iterate(iteratorCallback [, onErrorCallback])

Iterate over all value/key pairs in datastore.

Kind: instance method of WebStorage
Throws: TypeError if iteratorCallback is not a function
Returns: undefined

Param Type Default Description
iteratorCallback Function A callabck function to be executed for each iteration
[onErrorCallback] Function () => {} Callback function to be executed if there were any errors

iteratorCallback is called once for each pair, with the following arguments:

Param Type Description
value * The value of the saved item.
key String The key of the saved item.

Usage

myStore.iterate((value, key) => {
  // Resulting key/value pair; this callback will be executed for every item in the datastore.
  console.log(value, key);
}, error => {
  // This code runs if there were any errors
  console.error(error);
});

Full usage example

//
// NOTE: The example below assumes that we begin with empty localStorage.
//

// Create a new instance of WebStorage using localStorage for driver (default) and 'my-store/' for prefixing keys
const webStorage = WebStorage.createInstance({
  keyPrefix: 'my-store/'
});

const onError = error => console.error(error);

webStorage.setItem('user1', { id: 1, name: 'John Doe' }, onError);

webStorage.setItem('user2', { id: 2, name: 'Tim Smith' }, onError);

localStorage.setItem('user3', JSON.stringify({ id: 3, name: 'Alice Cooper' }));

webStorage.getItem('user1'); // -> { id: 1, name: 'John Doe' }

webStorage.getItem('user2'); // -> { id: 2, name: 'Tim Smith' }

webStorage.getItem('user3'); // -> null

webStorage.keys();  // -> ['user1', 'user2']

webStorage.length(); // -> 2

localStorage.length(); // -> 3

webStorage.iterate((value, key) => {
  console.log(value, '-', key);
  // -> { id: 1, name: 'John Doe' } - 'user1'
  // -> { id: 2, name: 'Tim Smith' } - 'user2'
});

webStorage.removeItem('user1');

webStorage.getItem('user1'); // -> null

webStorage.clear();

webStorage.keys(); // -> []

webStorage.length(); // -> 0

localStorage.length(); // -> 1

For development

Build for development

$ npm run dev

Builds the library for development and watches for any changes.

Build for production

$ npm run build

Builds the library for production; creates library bundles (UMD, ESM, CommonJS) under the dist/ directory.

Test

$ npm test

Changelog

For API updates and breaking changes, check the CHANGELOG.

License

The MIT License (MIT)

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Install

npm i @georapbox/web-storage

Weekly Downloads

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Version

2.1.0

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

78.3 kB

Total Files

19

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Collaborators

  • georapbox