Navel Piercing Madness


    0.7.8 • Public • Published


    3D Tiles implementation using Mapbox GL JS custom layers

    See for a working demo.


    This is a proof-of-concept implementation of a 3D Tiles viewer as a Mapbox GL JS custom layer. WebGL rendering is implemented using three.js. Only Web Mercator (EPSG:3857) tilesets are supported, as this is the projection mapbox uses. Earth-centered earth-fixed tilesets are explicitly not supported. Tilesets used for testing were generated using pg2b3dm, using a PostGIS database with EPSG:3857 geometries.

    This is by no means a complete implementation of the 3D Tile specification. Currently the following features are supported:

    • Geometric error based tile loading
    • Replacement and additive refinement
    • Only Box bounding volumes are supported
    • Tile transforms
    • External tilesets
    • Tile types:
      • Batched 3D Model (b3dm)
      • Point Cloud (pnts): basic implementation
    • Draco compressed i3dm and b3dm tiles

    The following features are not supported at this time:

    • Any coordinate system other than EPSG:3857
    • Region and sphere bounding volumes
    • Viewer request volumes
    • Instanced 3D Model (i3dm) tiles
    • Composite (cmpt) tiles
    • 3D Tile Styles


    In a directory on your webserver run the folowing commands:

    git clone
    cd mapbox-3dtiles
    npm install
    tar xvf data.tar.bz2

    Next, copy file "apikeys.js.example" to "apikeys.js" and add your mapbox token.

    You can then start the development environment:

    npm start

    Point your browser to http://localhost:8082 for an overview page of demo's.

    Draco compression

    Draco compressed data can be used with Mapbox-3DTiles, to do this create an pass an Threejs dracoloader to the layer.

    import { DRACOLoader } from '../node_modules/three/examples/jsm/loaders/DRACOLoader.js';
    var dracoLoader = new DRACOLoader();
    const myLayer = new Mapbox3DTiles.Mapbox3DTilesLayer(
    		id: 'my_awesome_layer',
    		url: 'https://my-layer/tileset.json',
    		dracoLoader: dracoLoader

    Creating tilesets

    Tilesets can be created using pg2b3dm, using a PostGIS database table as source. The PostGIS table should contain 3D geometries in EPSG:3857 projection.

    Example query creating extruded 3D buildings in EPSG:3857:

    DROP TABLE IF EXISTS <schema>.<output_table>;
    CREATE TABLE <schema>.<output_table> AS (
    	WITH extent AS (
    		SELECT ST_MakeEnvelope(<minx>, <miny>, <maxx>, <maxy>, <input_srid>) geom
    	footprints AS (
    		SELECT AS id, a.height, a.geom
    		FROM <schema>.<input_table> a, extent b
    		WHERE ST_Intersects(a.geom, b.geom)
    	SELECT id, ST_Force3D(ST_Extrude(ST_Transform(ST_MakeValid(geom), 3857), 0, 0, height)) AS geom
    	FROM footprints
    DELETE FROM <schema>.<output_table> WHERE geom IS NULL; -- cleanup
    DELETE FROM <schema>.<output_table> WHERE ST_GeometryType(geom) NOT LIKE 'ST_PolyhedralSurface'; -- cleanup

    Creating tileset using pg2b3dm:

    pg2b3dm -h <my_host> -U <my_user> -d <my_database> -p <my_port> -c <geom_column> -t <my_schema.my_table>

    For more information, see the pg2b3dm documentation.

    Creating tileset from point cloud:

    Pointcloud data is not yet supported by pg2b3dm and needs to be exporterd with an earlier tool called py3dtiles

    py3dtiles convert --srs_in <srs_in> --srs_out 3857 --out <tileset_name> pointcloud.las

    For more information, see the py3dtiles documentation.


    npm i @geodanresearch/mapbox-3dtiles

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads






    Unpacked Size

    5.99 MB

    Total Files


    Last publish


    • tomvantilburg